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保密★启用前 试卷类型:A 山东省东营市一中 2010 届高三下学期第一次诊断性测试 英语试题 20
  10.03 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题),共 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(共 105 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)(诸城一中期末检测) 略 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
  21. I was halfway back to the hospital where the doctor was workingSusan caught up with me. A. when B. while C. until D. though
  22. ?John, how did your English exam go? ?I thought Ihave failed, but in fact I came in the top 10 in the class. A. should B. couldn’t C. might D. mustn’t 23 When will you be through with your work, Jones? ? My boss usually finds something for me to do at the last minute. A. Would you help me B. Who knows C. I beg your pardon D. Anything the matter
  24. Carbon dioxidefrom burning fuels is the most common of the so ? called greenhouse gases. A. producing B. having been produced C. to be produced D. produced
  25. She has been in doctors describe as a vegetative (植物的) state for six years. A. what B. which C. that D. how
  26. The ballet “Nutcracker” will be put on next week. Why not join us to the theater? Well, not me.. A. I can’t wait to go B. That is simply not my cup of tea C. I just don’t believe a single word of it! D. That is not a point
  27. The truck ran down the hill,and the driver,according to the local newspaper,to have been killed. A. was reported B. was reporting C. reported D. had been reported
  28. I’m so sorry to have made you wait for so long. Bad traffic always happens! A. How come you were late? B. What if you were me? C. Don’t give it another thought! D. Give me a break!
  29. He thought he would be able to cheating in the exam! What a fool! He deserves the punishment. A. take the place of B. look forward to C. bring about D. get away with
  30. Mrs. Stanley looks gorgeous tonight. The pink dress her hidden beauty. A. picks up B. brings out C. gives away D. makes up
  31. Mr. Steven working in our company is from the United States. He is a Greek, though. A. by source B. by nature C. by origin D. by history
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  32. I won’t believe you until I him tell the story with my own ears. A heard B will hear C had heard D have heard
  33. is human nature that many people don’t value the things they possess until they have lost them. A. Such B This C That D So
  34. If we go on using energy so wastefully, are that our oil wells will be dried up before new energy sources can be found to replace oil. A. realities B. chances C. references D. tensions
  35. ?Going to the party on Saturday? ?. I’ll be free then. A. I’ve got it B. You too C. You bet D. Believe it or not 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36?55 各题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The train swung back and forth, its wheels screeching against the tracks. Outside the window the 36 cold of winter ruled. The carriage was filled with frozen, self-centered, bored 37 . Suddenly a little boy pushed his 38 in between unfriendly grown-up legs the kind that only unwillingly 39 room for you. While his father stayed by the door, the boy sat next to the window, 40 by cold-looking, morning-weary adults. What a brave child, I thought. As the train entered a tunnel(隧道), something totally 41 happened. The little boy 42 down from his seat and put his hand on my knee. For a moment, I thought he wanted to go 43 me and 44 to his father, so I shifted a bit. But 45 moving on, the boy leaned forward and stretched(伸出) his head up towards me 46 to tell me something. Kids! I 47 down to listen to what he had to say. Wrong again! He 48 me softly on the cheek. Then he returned to his seat, 49 back and cheerfully started looking out. But I was 50 . What happened? A kid kissing unknown grown-ups on the train? To my 51 , the kid went on to kiss all my neighbors. Confused, we looked 52 at his father, “He’s so happy to be alive,” the father said. “He’s been very sick.” The train stopped and father and son got down and 53 into the crowd. On my cheek I could still feel the child’s kiss a kiss that had 54 some soul-searching. How many grown-ups go around kissing each other from the pure joy of being alive? How many even give much thought to the 55 of living? The little boy had given us a sweet but serious slap in the face: Don’t let yourself die before your heart stops!
  36. A. freezing B. leaking C. touching D. surrounding
  37. A. children B. adults C. passengers D. pedestrians
  38. A. hands B. neighbors C. elbows D. way
  39. A. made B. took C. supported D. supplied
  40. A. organized B. surrounded C. comforted D. admired
  41. A. unbearable B. unexpected C. unconscious D. unconditional
  42. A. settled B. sat C. slid D. stepped
  43. A. upon B. over C. through D. past
  44. A. turned B. appealed C. returned D. attended
  45. A. in case of B. instead of C. in charge of D. in danger of
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  46. A. as if B. even though C. now that D. ever since
  47. A. went B. declined C. bent D. lay
  48. A. hit B. swept C. kissed D. masked
  49. A. put B. leaned C. kept D. pushed
  50. A. annoyed B. relaxed C. engaged D. shocked
  51. A. relief B. disappointment C. amazement D. anxiety
  52. A. questioningly B. surprisingly C. puzzlingly D. interestingly
  53. A. occurred B. disappeared C. spotted D. impressed
  54. A. left behind B. put aside C. set off D. broke into
  55. A. instruction B. evidence C. symptom D. privilege 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题,每题 2 分,满分 40 分) A Forget chip fat , sugar cane or rapeseed oil ? ? the latest source of biofuel could be watermelons. Scientists have discovered that the fruit is a great source of sugar that can be readily distilled(蒸馏)into alcohol to power cars and farm machinery. And because sellers reject 3
  60, tons of substandard” 000 “ fruit annually in America alone they could be used as an economical way to make fuel. The waste from US growers could produce nearly two million gallons(nine million litres) of biofuel per year. In the study, researchers at the United States Department of Agriculture set out to determine the biofuel potential of juice from rejected watermelons ?? those not sold due to cosmetic imperfections,and currently ploughed back into the field. About a fifth of each annual watermelon crop is left in the field because of surface blemishes (瑕疵) or because they are misshapen. Dr Wayne Fish,who led the team,found that 50 per cent of the fruit was fermentable(可发 酵的)into ethanol which could provide valuable fuel. “We’ve shown that the juice of these melons is a source of readily fermentable sugars, representing an unexploited raw material for ethanol biofuel production,”he said. The study, published in the journal Biotechnology for biofuels,discovered that watermelons could produce around 20 gallons of fuel per acre from fruit that otherwise would go to waste. Production of biofuels has been targeted by western governments as a way to support renewable energy targets. The European Union has a target for 2010 that
  5. 75 per cent of transport fuels should come from biological sources,but the target is unlikely to be met. The British government’ Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation requires five per cent of the fuel s sold at the pump by 2010 to be biofuel.
  56.The passage mainly tells us . A.western countries aim at producing biofuels B.watermelons could be used to make fuel C.the advantages of fuel made from watermelons D.watermelon juice will be the largest source of renewable energy
  57.Which of the following is NOT the reason why so many watermelons are deserted in America each year?
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A.They are substandard B.They are imperfect C.They are misshapen D.They are oversupplied
  58.It can be learned from the text that . A.sellers in the world throw away 3
  60,000 tons of watermelons every year B.about two gallons of fuel could be made from rejected fruit per acre C.half of the watermelons were fermentable into alcohol to provide energy D.five percent of fuel is required to be biofuel from watermelons by 2010 in Britain
  59.The underlined word“cosmetic”in Paragraph 5 probably means . A.inside B.flavor C.surface D.freshness
  60.We can infer from the passage that . A.western countries are engaged in biofuel study but still have a long way to go B.the EU is likely to meet its target of transport fuels from biological sources C.it will cost a lot to make biofuel from watermelons D.watermelon juice has been used as a source of sugars to produce ethanol biofuel B Coverage(新闻报道)begins at 8 am EST,with the swearing-in ceremony at
  11:30 am EST, followed immediately by Obama’s inauguration(就职典礼)speech.
  08:00 am EST-Tue January 20 INAUGURATION OF BARACK OBAMA Stay with CNN.corn Live throughout the day for all the events surrounding the inauguration of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the United States.RSVP at Facebook.com/cnn.
  11:30 am EST?Tue January 20 SWEARING-IN OF BARACK OBAMA Barack Obama is sworn-in as the 44th President of the United States.The ceremony on the steps of the Capitol begins at
  11: am with Barack Obama’ swearing-in at
  12: pm. 30 s 00 Obama will then deliver his inaugural address.
  2:30 pm EST?Tue January 20 INAUGURAL PARADE Barack Obama participates in the inaugural parade following his swearing-in as President of the United States.
  6:00 pm EST?Tue January 20 SPECIAL:INAUGURATION DAY CNN.com Live wraps up the inauguration events from the swearing-in through the parade.
  8:00 pm EST?Tue January 20 INAUGURAL BALLS Stay with CNN.com Live to see Barack Obama and Michelle Obama and Joe Biden and Jill Biden make appearances at the inaugural balls.
  61.Where and when would Barack Obama swear in? A.On the steps of the Capitol;at
  11:30 am. B.In the White House:at
  11:30 am. C.On the steps of the Capitol;at
  12:00 pm. D.In the President House;at
  8: 00 am.
  62.After his inaugural address,what would Barack Obama do? A.Participate in the inaugural parade. B.Go to the President House with his wife. C.Stay with CNN.com. D.Meet his officials.
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  63.Which is the CORRECT time order of the arrangement? a. the swearing-in ceremony b. the inaugural parade c. the inaugural balls d. Obama’s inauguration address A.a,b,c,d B.a,c,b,d C.d,a.b,c D.a,d,b,c
  64.The media mentioned in the passage for learning the event is(are) . A.TVs B.magazines C.the Internet D.newspapers
  65.The passage may be an arrangement for . A.a traveling plan B.a wedding ceremony C.live coverage D.an outing plan C French surgeons have performed what they said on Wednesday was the world’s first partial face transplant?giving a new nose, chin and lips to a woman attacked by a dog. Specialists from two French hospitals carried out the operation on a 38-year-old woman on Sunday in the northern city of Amiens by taking the face from a brain-dead woman, who had hanged herself just hours before the operation. Her family agreed on the operation. “The patient is in an excellent state and the transplant looks normal.”The hospitals said in a brief statement after waiting three days to announce the pioneering surgery. The woman had been left without a nose and lips after the dog attacked her last May, and was unable to talk or chew properly. Such injuries are“extremely difficult, if not impossible”to repair using normal surgical techniques, the statement said. The statement did not say what the woman would look like when she had fully recovered, but medical experts said she was unlikely to resemble the woman who had been the source of her new face. The operation was led by Jean-Michel Dubernard, a specialist from a hospital in Lyon who has also carried out hand transplants. Skin transplants have long been used to treat burns and other injuries, but operations around the mouth and nose have been considered very difficult because of the area’s high sensitivity to foreign tissue. Teams in France, the United States and Britain had been developing techniques to make face transplants a reality. There was a short-term risk for the patient if blood vessels ( 脉 管 ) became blocked, a medium-term danger of her body rejecting the new skin and a long-term possibility that the drugs used could cause cancers. Experts say that although such medical advances should be celebrated, the transplant had thrown up moral and ethical (伦理的) issues. Little is known about the psychol
 

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