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2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语 (北京卷)
本试卷共 15 页,共 150 分。考试时长 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答 无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,共
  7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。 听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。
  1. What does the man want to be in the future? A. A soldier. B. A lawyer. C. A teacher.
  2. What does the girl want? A. Sweets. B. Books. C. Pencils.
  3. When did the two speakers plan to meet Jane? A. At2:
  00. B. At2:
  15. C. At2:
  30.
  4. what will the woman do tonight? A. Go to the park. B. Play basketball. C. Work at a bookstore.
  5. what is the woman doing? A. Offering help. B. Asking for information. C. Making an introduction. 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,共 15 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟 的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。
  6. Where do the two speakers work? A. At a store. B. At a hotel. C. At a sch ool.
  7. Where does the woman come from? A. Brazil. B. Australia. C. Singapore.
听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。

  8. What is the weather like in the north tonight?

  9. What is the high temperature in the south tomorrow? A. 15°C. B. 20°C.
C. 23°C.
听第 8 段材料,回答第 l0 至 12 题。

  10. What motivates the man to employ local people? A. To help the local business.
-1-
B o To increase the local employment rate. C. To reduce the number of workers from other places.
  11. What will the man probably do in the future? A. Set up a new company. B. Run a training course. C. Lead an easier life.
  12. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. Supplier and customer. B. Manager and secretary. C. Interviewer and interviewee.
听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 l5 题。

  13. What rule should you follow if you want to enter the sports complex? A. Wear appropriate shoes. B. Register on the notice board. C. Make an appointment with a coach.
  14. How much is the buffet? A. ?
  4. B. ?
  8. C. ?
  10.
  15. What is the purpose of the announcement? A. To introduce a playing field. B. To introduce a holiday camp. C. To introduce a fruit market. 第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 l.5 分,共
  7.5 分) 听下面一段对话,完成第 l6 至第 20 五道小题,每小题仅填写一个词。听对话前,你将有 20 秒 钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。
Customer Complaint Form(客户投诉表) Customer Problem Thompson Electronics A 16 delivery: l7
● Printers ordered:25 HW
● Printers delivered:25 HW56 Cause Solution (解决方案) A computer l8 problem l9 delivery
●Post the correct order
?Put a$300 20 0n the customer’S account
第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)
第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 l 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。
  21. at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. A. Looking B. Look C. To look D. Looked
  22. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the "r" sounds at the end of the
-2-
words . A. are dropped B. drop C. are being dropped D. have dropped
  23. Good morning. I've got an appointment with Miss Smith in the Personnel Department. --Ah, good morning. You be Mrs. Peters. A. might B. must C. would D. can
  24. --I'm not finished with my dinner yet. --But our friends for us. A. will wait B. wait C. have waited D. are waiting
  25. I'm calling to enquire about the position in yesterday's China Daily. A. advertised B. to be advertised C. advertising D. having advertised
  26. --I'm sorry, but I don't quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? --Sorry, I myself clear. We want to return on October
  20. A. hadn't made B. wouldn't make C. don't make D. haven't made
  27. Children who are not active or diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. A. what B. whose C. which D. that
  28. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they __ for me. A. had done B. did C. would do D. were doing
  29. Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are everyone's enjoyment. A. in B. at C. for D. to
  30. they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures. A. As B. While C. Until D. Once I am inside.
  31. I want to be liked and loved for A. who B. where C. what D. how
  32. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was __ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether
  33. some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A. Whether B. What C. That D. How
  34. --The weather has been very hot and dry. --Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables . A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died D. wouldn't have died
  35. First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get __ second chance to make __ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a 第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 l.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 I met Mrs. Neidl in the ninth grade on a stage-design team for a play and she was one of the directors. Almost instantly I loved her. She had an Unpleasant voice and a direct way of speaking, 36
[来源:学。科。网 Z。X。X。K] [来源:学科网]
-3-
she was encouraging and inspiring. For some reason, she was impressed with my work and me. Mrs. Neidl would ask me for my 37 . She wanted to know how I thought we should 38 things. At first I had no idea how to answer because I knew 39 about stage design! But I slowly began to respond to her 40 . It was cause and effect: She believed I had opinions, so I began to 41 them. She trusted me to complete things, so I completed them perfectly. She loved how 42 I was, so I began to show up to paint more and more. She believed in me, so I began to believe in myself. Mrs. Neidl's 43 that year was, "Try it. We can always paint over it 44 !"I began to take 45 . I had been so afraid of failing but suddenly there was no failing--only things to be 46 upon. I learned to dip my brush into the paint and 47 create something. The shy, quiet freshman achieved success that year. I was 48 in the program as "Student Art Assistant" because of the time and effort I'd put in. It was that yea r that I 49 I wanted to spend the rest of my life doing stage design. Mrs. Neidl changed me completely. Not only was I Being on that stage-design team 50 stronger and more competent than I had thought, but I also 51 a strong interest and a world I hadn't known existed. She taught me not to 52 what people think I should do: She taught me to take chances and not be 53 . Mrs. Neidl was my comforter when I was upset. Her 54 in me has inspired me to do things that I never imagined 55 .
  36. A. and B. yet C. so D. for
  37. A. opinion B. impression C. information D. intention
  38. A. make B. keep C. handle D. change
  39. A. anything B. something C. everything D. nothing
  40. A. questions B. comments C. explanations D. remarks
  41. A. hold B. follow C. evaluate D. form
  42. A. happy B. lively C. reliable D. punctual
  43. A. message B. motto C. saying D. suggestion
  44. A. again B. more C. instead D. later
  45. A. steps B. control C. charge D. risks
  46. A. improved B. acted C. looked D. reflected
  47. A. easily B. carefully C. confidently D. proudly
  48. A. introduced B. recognized C. identified D. considered
  49. A. confirmed B. decided C. realized D. acknowledged
  50. A. with B. below C. of D. by
  51. A. developed B. discovered C. took D. fostered
  52. A. accept B. care C. judge D. wonder
  53. A. bored B. lazy C. sad D. afraid
  54. A. trust B. patience C. curiosity Do interest
  55. A. accessible B. enjoyable C. possible D. favorable 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Goldie's Secret She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone had kicked her out of their car the night before. "We're moving house.'; "No
-4-
space for her any more with the baby coming." "We never really wanted her, but what could we have done? She was a present." People find all sorts of excuses for abandoning an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen. I called her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so unsettled during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her happy, it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her previous owner's. But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire. That's why it was such a shock when she pulled away from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, when she started barking and getting very restless. Eventually I couldn't hold her any longer and she raced off down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset with Goldie. But when I saw her licking (舔) the four puppies (幼犬) I started to feel sympathy towards them. "We didn't know what had happened to her," said the woman at the door. "I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and she just disappeared." "She must have tried to come back to them and got lost," added a boy from behind her. ' I must admit I do miss Goldie, but I've got Nugget now, and she looks just like her mother. And I've learnt a good lesson: not to judge people.
  56. How did the author feel about Goldie when Goldie came to the house? A. Shocked. B. Sympathetic. C. Annoyed. D. Upset.
  57. In her first few days at the author's house, Goldie . AI felt worried B. was angry C. ate a little D. sat by the fire .
  58. Goldie rushed off to a farmhouse one day because she A. saw her puppies B. heard familiar barkings C. wanted to leave the author D. found her way to her old home
  59. The passage is organized in order of . A. time B. effectiveness C. importance D. complexity B Open Letter to an Editor I had an interesting conversation with a reporter recentlyone who works for you. In fact, he's one of your best reporters. He wants to leave. Your reporter gave me a copy of his resume (简历) and photocopies of six stories that he wrote for you. The headlines showed you played them proudly. With great enthusiasm, he talked about how he finds issues (问题), approaches them, and writes about them, which tells me he is one of your best. I'm sure you would hate to lose h im. Surprisingly, your reporter is not unhappy. In fact, he told me he really likes his job. He has a great assignment (分 工), and said you run a great paper. It would be easy for you to keep him, he said. He knows that the paper values him. He appreciates the responsibility you've given him, takes ownership of his profession, and enjoys his freedom. So why is he looking for a way out? He talked to me because he wants his editors to demand so much more of him. He wants to be pushed, challenged, coached to new heights. The reporter believes that good stories spring from good questions, but his editors usually ask how long the story will be, when it will be in, where it can play, and what the budget is. He longs for conversations with an editor who will help him turn his good ideas into grea t ones. He
[来源:学科网]
-5-
wants someone to get excited about what he's doing and to help him turn his story idea upside down and inside out, exploring the best ways to report it. He wants to be more valuable for your paper. That's what you want for him, too, isn't it? So your reporter has set me thinking. Our best hope in keeping our best reporters, copy editors, photographers, artistseveryone--is to work harder to make sure they get the help they are demanding to reach their potential. If we can't do it, they'll find someone who can.
  60. What does the writer think of the reporter? A. Optimistic. B. Imaginative. C. Ambitious. D. Proud.
  61. What does the reporter want most from his editors in their talks? A. Finding the news value of his stories. B. Giving him financial support. C. Helping him to find issues. D. Improving his good ideas.
  62. Who probably wrote the letter? A. An editor. B. An artist. C. A reporter. D. A reader.
  63. The letter aims to remind editors that they should __ A.
 

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