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2010 年上海高三英语高考阅读理解新题型 11 新人教版
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
In tomorrow's offices, there will be more bosses and fewer assistants. New technologies have made clerical work so efficient that fewer workers are necessary, so one assistant may serve several bosses. Bosses in the United States are spending twice as much time resolving employee disputes as they did just a decade ago. Corporate downsizing has made workers more insecure and competitive, increasing the number of personality conflicts that managers are forced to settle. Fighting age bias(偏见) may be a critical workplace issue of the future. As companies depend on older, more experienced workers to solve labor shortages in the next century, managers will need to overcome the view that older workers are less productive, less flexible, and more expensive. Electronic networking will give more power to workers at the bottom of the corporate pecking order(等级排序).Computer networks allow employees to skip over chains of command and communicate directly with senior managers. The relative anonymity ( 匿 名 ) of electronic communications will make low-status individuals more relaxed about expressing their points of view and offering valuable new ideas.

  1. will enable low-status individuals to feel relaxed about expressing their points of view and offering valuable new ideas.

  2. How could low-status workers gain more power?

  3. Why should managers change the negative view of older workers?

  4. Fewer workers are necessary due to .
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Keys
  1.The relative anonymity (匿名) of electronic communications

  2.By electronic networking.

  3.Because companies will depend on older and more experienced workers to solve labor shortages in the next century.

  4.high work efficiency brought by new technologies
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
When Andrea Peterson landed her first teaching job, she faced the daunting task of creating a music program with almost no money for equipment or supplies in a climate where standards-based learning was the focus and music just provided a break for students and teachers. For her drive and creativity in overcoming those challenges, she's been named national teacher of the year. Principal Waynes Kettler said he's worked with many outstanding teachers in his 22 years as an educator, but Peterson is "just that one step above anybody I've ever worked with before." Kettler and others at Monte Cristo Elementary School talk about the ways she has introduced the learning from other classrooms into her music program and her creativity in working around things such as the lack of money for new music. When students were reading S.E. Hinton's novel The Outsiders in their regular classroom, Peterson helped them write a 30-minute play with scenes from the book. Then they chose three Broadway tunes that focused on race, equality and social justice, the themes of the book. Peterson composed two other sons herself after classroom discussions about the play and the book. The honor means a lot to residents of Granie Falls. It's inspiring to know that people from small towns can even win national honors. As national teacher of the year, Peterson will spend the next year outside classroom, as a national and international spokeswoman for education. Not surprisingly, she is a big believer in the value of arts education. She said it's essential for schools to offer classes such as art or music and physical education because for some kids one of those subjects is the only thing that motivates them to come back to school day after day.
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  1. When Peterson began her teaching career, the school . 2 The underlined word "daunting" in Paragraph 1 most probably means .
  3. Why did Principal Waynes Kettler say that Peterson is "just that one step above anybody I've ever worked with before"?

  4. What is Peterson's opinion about the value of arts education?
Keys:
  1.
  2.
  3. lacked teaching facilities for music. discouraging Because she motivated students to learn music with her creativity./ Because she has introduced the learning from other classrooms into her music program and her creativity in working around things such as the lack of money for new music.
  4. Her opinion is that art, music and PE classes are all important./ Her opinion is that it's essential for schools to offer classes such as art or music and physical education.
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.
When a consumer finds that something he or she bought is faulty or in some other way does not live up to what the producer says for it ,the first step is to present the warranty, or any other records that might help ,at the store of buying .In most cases ,this action will produce results .However ,if it does not ,there are various means the consumer may use to gain satisfaction . A simple and common method used by many consumers is to complain directly to the store manager .In general, the "higher up" the consumer takes his or her complaint, the faster he or she can expect it to be settled .In such a case, it is usually settled in the consumer's favor, taking it as true that he or she had a just right. Consumers should complain in person whenever possible, but if they cannot get to the place of buying, it is acceptable to phone or write the complaint in a letter. Complaining is usually most effective when it is done politely but firmly, and especially when the consumer can show clearly what is wrong with what was bought in question .If this cannot be done, the consumer will succeed best by presenting specific information as to what is
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wrong, rather than by making general statements . For example, "The left speaker does not work at all and the sound coming out of the right one is unclear." is better than "This stereo does not work." The store manager may advise the consumer to write to the producer .If so, the consumer should do this, stating the complaint as politely and as firmly as possible. But if a polite complaint does not achieve the expected result, the consumer can go a step further .He or she can threaten to take the seller to court or report the seller to a public organization responsible for protecting consumers' rights.

  1. When a consumer finds what he bought has a fault in it, he should first .
  2. To complain, customers can if they can't get to the place of buying.
  3. How can customers make the most effective complaint?

  4. What is the last way a consumer has to use to protect their rights?
Keys
  1.present the warranty or any other records that might help
  2.
  3. phone or write the complaint in a letter. by stating the complaint politely as well as firmly, and explaining exactly what is wrong with it.
  4. to warn the seller that he or she will turn to the court or a consumers' organization for help
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