Grammar
Revision1 the usage of the relative pronoun
关系 代词 who
whom which that whose 指代 在定语从句中所充当的 成分
person thing sentence subject object attributive
the usage of the relative adverb
关系副词
指代
所充当的句子成分
when where why
time place reason
adverbial adverbial adverbial
Tell difference between the Noun Clause and Attributive Clause in the relative pronoun.
  1. There is no “what” in Attributive Clause
  2. “That” is used as Subject and Object in the Attributive Clause, but in the Noun Clause it doesn’t.
  3. “which” is used as Subject and Object in the Attributive Clause, but in the Noun Clause it expresses Choice.
类别
意义
功能
形式 关系代词
限定性 起限定作用。 起限定作用。 无逗 有that 修饰 Revision
  2,限制性定语从句与非限制 定语从 若省略 原句 若省略, 号隔 作宾语 性定语从句的区别 先行 开 句 意义不完整。 意义不完整 词 时可以 省略 非限定 起补充说明作 修饰先 有逗 无that 性定语 用。若省略, 行词 / 号与 若省略, 不可以 从句 原句意义不受 整个句 主句 省略 影响。 影响。 子 隔开
只用非限制性定语从句的情况: 只用非限制性定语从句的情况:

  1. He was late again, which made
his teacher very angry. 当关系代词指代整 个主句内容时。 个主句内容时。
只用非限制性定语从句的情况: 只用非限制性定语从句的情况:

  2. The moon, which is 384,400 kilometers away from the earth, goes around the earth. 当先行词指的是世界上 独一无二的事物时。 独一无二的事物时。

  3. Yesterday he left America, where he had stayed for two years.
先行词是人名、地名、 先行词是人名、地名、 国名、 国名、建筑物等专有 名词时。 名词时。
常见考点

  1.指物时只用that 或which 的情况
  1.指物时只用 指物时只用that
  2.介词+关系代词
  2.介词 介词+
  3.Whose 用法及转换形式
  4.as 与which的区别 which的区别
  5.指人时that 与who的区别
  5.指人时 指人时that who的区别
  6.如何判断用关系副词还是关系代词
  6.如何判断用关系副词还是关系代词
  7.定语从句中的主谓一致问题
  7.定语从句中的主谓一致问题

  1. This is all I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether
  2. Is there anything else you require? A. which B. that C. who D. what
  3. The last place we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. it

  4. He talked happily about the men and books interested him greatly in the school. A. which B. that C. it D. whom
  5. There is no dictionary you can find everything. A. that B. which C. where D. in that
  6. Is oxygen the only gas helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it
  7. Which was the hotel was recommended to you? A. that B. which C. where D. it
考点一: 考点一:that 与which 的区别
只用that的情况 的情况: 只用 的情况
  1. 先行词为 先行词为all, little, much, everything, nothing, something, anything等不定代词 等不定代词
  2.先行词被 先行词被all, little, much, every, no, 等修饰时。 等修饰时。 先行词被

  3.先行词被序数词或最高级修饰先行词前有序数词
(the first),形容词最高级(the best), the last, the very, first),形容词最高级 形容词最高级(the the only 等时。 等时。
  4. 先行词为人和物的组合
  5.若主句中有疑问代词 who 或者 which,为了避免重复 若主句中有疑问代词 ,为了避免重复, 关系代词不要再用 who, which,而用 that。 , 。
只用which的情况 的情况: 只用 的情况 1,逗号后面 2,介词后面 逗号后面 介词后面

  1. Jim passed the driving test, surprised everybody in the office. (05浙 (05浙 江
  2) A.which B that C this D.it

  2. The day he was born was Aug .20 ,19
  52. A.on which B that C which D.this
考点二:介词 关系代词 考点二 介词+关系代词 介词 提醒: 介词?关系代词引导的定语从句 提醒 介词?关系代词引导的定语从句, 关键 是判断介词的选择. 是判断介词的选择 方法一:根据从句中动词与先行词习惯搭配 根据从句中动词 方法一 根据从句中动词与先行词习惯搭配 方法二:根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系 方法二 根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系
注意: 注意:关系代词在定语从句中作介词宾
语时,从句常常由“介词 关系代词 关系代词” 语时,从句常常由“介词+关系代词”引 此时关系代词只能用which 或 whom; 出。此时关系代词只能用 不可用that 或who 代替 不可用
Join them into one sentence.
The man is from Beijing University .
I talked about him at the meeting. . The man (who/whom/that) I talked about at the meeting is from Beijing University.. =The man about whom I talked at the meeting is from Beijing University.
关系代词紧跟在介词后面时,不能用 关系代词紧跟在介词后面时,不能用that,也 , 不能省略,常用which或whom。该介词通常可以 不能省略,常用 或 。 放在关系代词之前,也可放在从句之尾。 放在关系代词之前,也可放在从句之尾。
但遇固定词组时, 但遇固定词组时,介词一般紧跟词组 主体, 主体,不作前置 Is this the book (which/that) you are looking for ?
填空

  1.The man with whom you shook hands just now is our headmaster. in which
  2.The room my family live used to be a garage.
  3.Did you find the pen with which I wrote just now? which
  4.Did you find the composition I wrote just now?
考点三 Whose 用法及转换形式
  1. whose引导定语从句,其后应紧跟名词, 引导定语从句, 引导定语从句 其后应紧跟名词, 构成名词短语。 构成名词短语。 That’s the child whose father is a teacher.
  2.whose引导定语从句,其先行词不仅可
  2. 引导定语从句, 引导定语从句 以指人,还可以指物。 以指人,还可以指物。 Do you know the woman whose husband is a doctor? This is a book whose cover is green.

  3. whose的先行词指物时 可用 which代替 的先行词指物时, 代替, 的先行词指物时 可用of 代替 但词序不同, 但词序不同, 名词=the +n + of which 即whose+名词 名词 =of which + the + n.
He lives in the room whose window faces south.
= He lives in the room, the window of which faces south. = He lives in the room, of which the window faces south.
考点四:as与which引导的定语从句 考点四:as与which引导的定语从句
两者均可引导非限制性定语从句, 两者均可引导非限制性定语从句,有时可 以互换,但下列情况多用as。 以互换,但下列情况多用as。
  1. 当与such或the same连用时,一般用as。 当与such或 same连用时 一般用as。 连用时, e.g. Such books as you tell me are interesting. I have the same plan as you.
  2. as 引导的从句可以放在句首, as 本身有“正 引导的从句可以放在句首, 本身有“ ..正象 正象…”之意 之意, 如…..正象…”之意,与之连用的词有 know, see, expect, announce, point out 等。 e.g. As we all know, the earth is round.

  1. was natural, he married Jenny. A. Which C. This B. That D. As

  2. Such signs we use in the experiment Greek letters. A. as, are C. that, are B. as, is D. that, is

  3. I passed him a large glass of whisky, he drank immediately. A. that B. as C. which D. who

  4. She is very good at dance, everybody knows. A. that B. which C. who D. as

  5. has been said above, grammar is a set of dead rules. A. Which B. What C. That D. As

  6. We do the same work they do. A. which B. as C. than D. like
考点五: 考点五 that 与who的区别 的区别 在anyone, those, he/she/I / they作先行词 作先行词 时, 用”who” 代替 “that”. who Anyone breaks the law is punished. who Those break the law are punished. who He breaks the law is punished.
考点六: 考点六 如何判断用关系副词还是关系代词? 如何判断用关系副词还是关系代词
I will never forget the day when I first went to school. I will never forget the day (which/that) we spent in Beijing. The house (which/that) we visited is being repaired now. where The house Luxun once lived is being repaired now.
考点七:定语从句中主谓一致问题 考点七 定语从句中主谓一致问题 定语从句中的动词在人称和数方面应该与它 的先行词保持一致。 的先行词保持一致。

  1.I am not one who afraid of is difficulty. .
  2.Don‘t choose me, who not fit for am this job. .

  3. This is one of the best books . A. that have ever been written B. that has ever been written C. that has written D. that have written
  4. She is not the only one of the girls well in class. A. which sings B. who sing C. who sings D. who to sing

  1. Is this factory we visited last D week?
B Is this the factory we visited last Week?
A、where 、 C、to which 、 B、that 、 D、the one 、
解题关键:如果是疑问句式, 解题关键:如果是疑问句式,将其转化为陈 述句式。 述句式。

  2. Let me think of a proper situation this sentence can be used. A A、where 、 B、that 、 C、of whom 、 D、which 、
先行词是situation, case, scene…时, 一般用where,最佳 选择则是in which
C
  3. She will never forget the day she spent in Beijing.
She will never forget the day she A stayed with him in Beijing. A、when 、 C、which 、 B、what 、 D、why 、

  4. Ying De is a city, is famous for its A black tea.
C Ying De is a city, there is a Baojing Palace.
A. which C. where B. that D. there

  5. The college won’t take anyone ’ B eyesight is weak. A、who 、 C、of whom 、 B、whose 、 D、which 、
B
  6.Those to take part in the game write down your names. A、who B、who want 、 、
C、who wants 、 D、what 、
A
  7. I don't like English, grammar I am not interested. I don't like English, grammar B is difficult to learn. I like this hut, doorway is just C enough to get . D I like this hut, doorway is small. A. in which B. which C. through whose D. whose

  8. I, your good friend, will , D try my best to help you out. A、who is 、 C、what am 、 B、what is 、 D、who am 、
B
  9. Which of the two cows you keep produces more milk?
A、which 、 C、what 、 B、that 、 D、as 、
D
  10. His walking stick, he can’t ’
walk, was lost yesterday. A、that 、 B、with which 、 C、which 、 D、without which 、

  11. Which of the two cows you keep produces more milk? A、which 、 B、that 、 C、what 、 D、as 、
B
D
  12. As many members were present agreed to the plan.
A. who C. which B. that D. as
B
  13. He must be from Africa, can
be seen from his skin. A. that C. who B. as D. what
D
  14. This is the same pen I lost yesterday. A. as B. that C.the one D. A&B
比较: 比较:
...the same pen as I lost.
表示这支笔与我不见的那支很像, 表示这支笔与我不见的那支很像,不一定就是
... the same pen that I lost.
则表示这支笔就是我不见的那支 .

  15. The teacher gave us so difficult a A problem we couldn't solve. The teacher gave us so difficult a problem we couldn't solve it. B A. as C. which B. that D. the ones
so ...that 后面跟的是一个结果状语从句

  16. is mentioned above, the B number of the students in senior high school is increasing. A. Which C. What B. As D. That

  17. I’ll tell you D he told me ’ last night. A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all

  18. How do you like the book?
It’s quite different from C ’ I read last month. A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what

  19. There are three libraries in our school, were built five years ago. A、all of them 、 B、either of them 、 C、all of which 、 D、both of that 、
C

  20.I bought some books from the bookstore, five were English A novels. A. of which C. that B. which D. in which
名词/代词/数词+of+ 名词/代词/数词+of+ which /whom 引导非限定性定语从句

  21.Here are players from Japan, some of are our old friends. C 非限制性定语从句 Here are some players from Japan and D some of are our old friends. 并列句 A. which C. whom B. that D. them
解题思路: 解题思路:

  1. 通读全句。首先判断是什么句型。 通读全句。首先判断是什么句型。
  2. 题干句如果是疑问句式,将其转化为陈 题干句如果是疑问句式,
述句式。 述句式。
  3. 分析从句的句子结构,在定语从句中, 分析从句的句子结构,在定语从句中, 缺什么,就补什么:缺主或宾语, 缺什么,就补什么:缺主或宾语,用关 系代词;缺状语, 系代词;缺状语,用关系副词
  4. 注意标点符号和题干中是否存在并列连 but等 词and, but等。
Translation

  1. 这就是那位帮助我的人。 这就是那位帮助我的人。 This is the man who helped me.
  2. 你昨天见到的史密斯夫人
 

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