中考重点句型
一、常使用动词不定式的短语
  1、It’s time to do sth.\ It’s time for sth. 该作某事的时候了.
  2、can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待要作某事
  3、ask /tell sb. (not) to do sth. 要求/告诉某人(不)作某事
  4、allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人作某事
  5、be supposed to do sth. 应该作某事
  6、Would like /want (sb.) to do sth. 想要作某事
  7、have sth/nothing to do 有…时要做/与…无关
  8、find it +adj. to do sth. 发觉作某事…
  9、prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿作某事,而不愿作某事
  10、It’s +adj. for sb. to do sth.作某事对某人来说…
  11、It’s better /best to do sth. 最好做某事
  12、It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事用了一些时间 二、常用动名词的短语
  1、 enjoy /like /love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
  2、 keep /keep on /carry on / go on doing sth. 继续做某事
  3、feel like doing sth. 想要做某事
  4、practise doing sth. 练习作某事
  5、give up doing sth. 放弃作某事
  6、be good at= do well in\on doing sth. 擅长作某事
  7、pay attention to doing sth. 注意作某事
  8、what about/ how about doing sth. ….怎么样(好吗)?
  9、Thank you for doing sth. 为…感谢某人
  10、mind doing sth. 介意作某事
  11、be used for doing sth./ be used to do sth. 被用来作某事
  12、spend …(in) doing sth. 花时间作某时
  13、be busy doing/ with sth. 忙于作某事
  14、finish doing sth. 作完某时
  15、look forward to doing. 盼望做某事
  16、prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢…胜过…
  17、be/get used to doing sth. 习惯作某事
  18、keep / stop/ prevent sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人作某事 三、省略动词不定式的短语
  1、一看二听三使役 see/ hear/ feel/ notice/ look at /listen to sb. do sth. 看见/听见/感觉/注意某人作某事 make /let /have sb. do sth. 使/让某人做某事
  2、help sb. (to) do sth/ with sth.帮助某人作某事
  3、 had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做某事
  4、 Why don’t you/ not do sth.为什么不作某事

  5、Would /Will / Could you please (not) do sth. 请你(不)作某事好吗? 四、 同义词比较
  1、 stop to do sth. 停下正在做的事去作另一件事 stop doing sth. 停止正在作的事 eg. When the teacher came into the classroom, the students stopped talking. After he worked for an hour, he stopped to have a rest.
  2、 forget / remember to do sth. 忘记/记得要去作某事 forget / remember doing sth. 忘记记得曾经做过某事 eg. Please remember to bring my book to school. I remember doing my homework
  3、 used to do sth. 过去常常作某事 be used to do sth. 被用来作某事 be used to doing sth. 习惯于作某事 eg. My father used to smoke. Wood is used to make paper. I am used to getting up early.
  4、So +be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 …也一样 So +主语+be/助动词/ 情态动词 是呀,表示赞同别人的观点 Neither + be /助动词/ 情态动词+主语 …也不一样(用于否定句) eg. He has been to Beijing. So have I. It’s a fine day. So it is. She doesn’t like eggs. Neither do I.
  5、 too…to do sth. 太…而不能… so +adj. /adv + that(从句) 如此…以致… such +(a/an +adj.)+n.+ that(从句) 如此…以致… (not) enough (for sb.) to do sth. (对某人来说)做某事(不)够 eg. The boy is too young to go to school. The boy is so young that he can’t go to school. He is such a young boy that he can’t go to school. The boy is not old enough to go to school. 五、常考知识点
  1、keep +adj. 保持…状态 keep (sb.) doing sth. 继续做某事/使某人老是做某事 eg. Everyone should keep our classroom clean. It’s too late, but he still keeps working.
Lily always keeps us waiting for her.
  2、make+ sb. + n. 使某人成为 make + sb. + adj. 使某人… make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 Sb. be made to sth. 某人被迫做某事 eg. We made Peter our monitor. Books make us happy. He often makes me laugh. The workers were made to work 12 hours a day.
  3、I don’t think that 我认为…不 eg. I don’t think you are right.
  4、It’s /was/has been+ some time +since+一般过去时… 自从…以来有多久了 eg. It has been two years since we met last time.
  6、 What do you mean by?=What does .. mean?=what is the meaning of...? 是什么意思? eg. What do you mean by “computer”?=What does “computer” mean? =what is the meaning of "computer"?
  7、 What do you think of…/How do you like …? 你认为…怎么样? eg. What do you think of this film /How do you like this film?
  8、 What is/was/will …be like? ..怎么样? eg. What is the weather like? What will the life in the future be like?
  9、 It’s said/ reported that… 据说/据报道 It's well known that 众所周知 大家认为 It's thought that eg. It’s said that the population of the word would be 6 billion in 20
  50.
  10、one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数 …其中之一 eg. Shanghai is one of the biggest cities in China.
  11、neither…nor… 既不…也不(两者都不) either…or…要么…要么/或者…或者/不是…就是 not only…but also… 不但…而且 以上三个词做主语时,要用就近原则 eg. Neither you nor he has been to the USA. Either he or you go to the park. Not only my mother but also my father is a teacher. neither of 两者都不 either of 两者选一 none of 没有一个 以上三个做主语时,谓语动词用单数 All of 全部 Both of 两者都 以上二个做主语时,谓语动词用复数
  12、比较级+ than +any other +名词单数
…比其余任何一个… 比较级+ than + the other+名词复数 eg. Shanghai is bigger than any other city=shanghai is bigger than the other cities in China.
  13、When(当…的时候), if (如果), as soon as(一…就), until(直到…才), unless(除 非/如果…不)这几个词引导的时间或条件状语从句时,主句要用一般将来时.
从句一般现在时
eg. I will call you when he comes. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will have a picnic. As soon as I get to Beijing, I’ll come to see you. He won’t go to bed until his parents come back. Unless you work hard, you won’t catch up with others.
初中英语常用词组复习 一、动词词组(包括短语动词)、介词词组和其他词组 (一)由 be 构成的词组
  1)be back/in/out 回来/在家/外出
  2)be at home/work 在家/上班
  3)be good at 善于,擅长于
  4)be careful with 当心,注意,仔细
  5)be covered with 被……复盖
  6)be ready for 为……作好准备
  7)be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶
  8)be interested in 对……感到举
  9)be born 出生
  10)be on 在进行,在上演(灯)亮着
  11)be able to do sth. 能够做… be unable to do 不能做…
  12)be afraid of sth/ doing sth 害怕…(不敢做…,恐怕…) be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事
  13)be angry/mad with sb. 生(某人)的气
  14)be pleased (with) 对……感到高兴(满意)
  15)be famous/ well-known for 以……而著名
  16)be strict in (with) (对工作、对人)严格要求
  17)be/ come from 来自……,什么地方人
  18)be hungry/thirsty/tired 饿/渴了/累了
  19)be worried about… 担忧……
  20)be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做
  21) be short for… ……的缩写
  22)be in (great) need of (很)需要
  23)be in trouble 处于困境中

  24)be glad to do sth. 很高兴做……
  25)be late for ……迟到
  26)be made of 由……制成(看得出原材料) be made from 由……制成(看不出原材料) be made by+sb. be made in+somewhere
  27)be satisfied with 对……感到满意
  28)be free 空闲的,有空
  29)be (ill) in bed 卧病在床
  30)be busy doing (with) 忙于做…(忙于…) (二)由 come、do、get、give、go、have、help、keep、make、take、put、set、send、take、turn、 play 等动词构成的词组
  1)come back 回来
  2)come down 下来
  3)come in 进入,进来
  4)come on 快,走吧,跟我来
  5)come out 出来
  6)come out of 从……出来
  7)come up 上来
  8)come from 来自……
  9)do one's lessons/homework 做功课/回家作业
  10)do more speaking/reading 多做口头练习/朗读
  11)do one's best to do sth 尽力做某事
  12)do some shopping (cooking reading, cleaning)买东西(做饭菜,读点书,大扫除)
  13)do a good deed (good deeds)做一件好事(做好事)
  14)do morning exercises 做早操
  15)do eye exercises 做眼保健操
  16)do well in 在……某方面干得好
  17)get up 起身
  18)get everything ready 把一切都准备好
  19)get ready for =be ready for=prepare for 为……作好准备 get/be ready to do sth =prepare to do sth 准备做某事
  20)get on (well) with 与…相处(融洽)
  21)get back 返回
  22)get rid of 除掉,去除
  23)get in/ out of 上/下(小汽车、出租车)
  24)get on/off 上/下(火车、飞机、公共汽车等)
  25)get to 到达
  26)get there 到达那里
  27)give sb. a call 给……打电话
  28)give a talk 作报告

  29)give a lecture (a piano concert)作讲座(举行钢琴音乐会)
  30)give back 归还,送回
  31)give…some advice on 给…一些忠告
  32)give lessons to 给……上课
  33)give in 屈服
  34)give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
  35)give sb. a chance 给……一次机会
  36)give a message to… 给…一个口信
  37)go ahead 先走,向前走,去吧,干吧
  38)go to the cinema =watch a movie=see a film
  39)go to bed 睡觉(make the bed 整理床铺)
  40)go to school (college) 上学(上大学)
  41)go to (the) hospital 去医院看病
  42)go over 过一遍,复习 go over to 朝…走去
  43)go fishing / skating / swimming / shopping 去钩鱼/滑冰/游泳/购物
  44)go home (there) 回家去(去那儿)
  45)go round 顺便去,绕道走
  46)go up 上去
  47)go out for a walk 外出散步
  48)go on (doing) 继续(做……)
  49)go on with one's work 继续某人的工作
  50)go upstairs/downstairs 上/下楼
  51)(the lights) go out (灯)熄了
  52)have a lesson (lessons) / a meeting 上课/开会
  53)have a football match (basketball match) 举行一场足球(蓝球)赛
  54)have dictation 听见
  55)have a try 试一试
  56)have a good/wonderful time 玩得很高兴
  57)have a lecture (a piano concert) 听讲座(听钢琴音乐会)
  58)have a report (talk) on 听一个关于…的报告
  59)have a glass of water (a cup of tea) 喝一杯水,(一杯茶)
  60)have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭
  61)have a meal (three meals) 吃一顿饭(三餐饭)
  62)have a dinner 吃正餐
  63)have bread and milk for breakfast 早饭吃面包和牛奶
  64)have (have got) a headache 头痛
  65)have a fever 发烧
  66)have a cough (a cold) 咳嗽(感冒)
  67)have a look (at)=look at 看一看……
  68)have a rest 休息一会儿 看电影

  69)have a talk 谈话
  70)have a swim/walk 游泳/散步
  71)have sports 进行体育锻炼
  72)have a sports meet (meeting)开运动会
  73)have something done 让人(请人)做…
  74)have a test/an exam 测验/考试
  75)have an idea 有了个主意
  76)had better do sth. (not do sth.) 最好做…(最好不要做……)
  77)have a word with 与…谈几句话
  78)help sb. with sth. / help sb. do sth. 在…方面帮助… 帮助…做
  79)help oneself to some chicken/fish/meat 请随便吃点鸡/鱼/肉
  80)help each other 互相帮助
  81)keep up with 跟上…,不落后于…
  82)keep/ be silent/quiet 保持沉默/安静
  83)keep sb. doing sth. 使…一直做…
  84)keep one's diary 记日记
  85)make a noise (a lot of noise, much noise, noises)吵闹(十分嘈杂,响声)
  86)make a living 谋生
  87)make sb. do sth. 迫使某人做…
  88)make faces (a face)做鬼脸
  89)make friends with 与……交朋友
  90)make a mistake (mistakes)犯错误
  91)make room/space for 给…腾出地方
  92)make a sentence /sentences with 用…造句
  93)make a fire 生火
  94)be made from/of 由……制成
  95)be made in 在……地方制造
  96)look out of (outside) 往外看(看外面)
  97)look up a word (in the dictionary) 查字典
  98)look up 往上看,仰望
  99)look after 照管,照看,照顾 1
  00)look for 寻找 1
  01)look like 看上去像 1
  02)look fine/well/tired/worried 看起来气色好/健康/疲劳/忧虑 1
  03)look out 当心,小心 1
  04)look on …as… 把…当作…看待 1
  05)look around 朝四周看 1
  06)look at 看着…… 1
  07)put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子),上演(戏剧) 1
  08)put up 建造,搭起,挂起,举起,张帖 1
  09)put into 使进入,输入
1
  10)put one's heart into 全神贯注于 1
  11)put…down… 把……放下 1
  12)put…into… =translate…into 把……译成 1
  13)set up 竖起,建起 1
  14)set off 出发,动身 1
  15)set out 出发 1
  16)set an example for 为…树立榜样 1
  17)send for 派人去请(叫) 1
  18)send out 放出,发出 1
  19)send up 把…往上送,发射 1
  20)take one's advice 听从某人劝告 1
  21)take out 拿出,取出 1
  22)take down 拿下 1
  23)take place 发生 1
  24)take one's place 坐……的座位,代替某人职务 1
  25)take the place of 代替…… 1
  26)take a walk/rest 散步/休息 1
  27)take it easy 别紧张 1
  28)take sth. with sb. 随身带着 1
  29)take sb. to a park/London for one's holidays 带某人去公园/伦敦度假 1
  30)take care of 关心,照顾,保管 1
  31)take a look (a last look) at 看一看(最后看一眼) 1
  32)take an exam 参加考试 1
  33)take away 拿走 1
  34)take back 收回,带回 1
  35)take hold of 抓住…… 1
  36)take off 脱下(衣,帽,鞋等)拿掉 1
  37)take (an active) part in (积极)参加(活动 1
  38)take photos 拍照 1
  39)take so
 

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