成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇 成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇 ??
一、学位英语语法题命题特点 涉及知识面广,涵盖了冠词、形容词、副词、动词、非谓语动词、定语从句 及状语从句等。动词一直是考查的重点。 二、学位英语语法题解题策略和方法
  1. 还原法 还原法,即句子结构分析法.很多单项选择题考点实为难度 较小的简单句, 但命题人往往通过加长句式,将陈述句改为疑问或感叹等句型,使用插入语,采用 倒装和省略等手段使简单的句式复杂化, 以增加干扰因素.解题时,同学们应通 过句型分析弄清题干的来龙去脉,还原简单句的本来面目.主要有如下八种还原 方式:
  1)将疑问句还原成陈述句 【例】Whom is it up to the matter A. decide B. to decide C. deciding D. decided 【解析】将题干还原为陈述句: It is up to sb. to decide the matter. 答 案为:B
  2)将感叹句还原成陈述句 【例】role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar. A. How interesting B. How an interesting C. What interesting D. What an interesting 【解析】 将题干还原为陈述句: She played an interesting role in the film. 因此答案为 D
  3)将被动语态还原成主动语态 【例】Our time should be made full use of, A.study B.studied C.studying D.to study
【解析】将题干还原成主动语态:We should make full use of our time to study.因此答案为:D
  4)将倒装语序还原成正常语序
【例】Here is a note book,in whichthe names of the visitors. A.write B.written C.were written D.was written
【解析】将题干还原为正常语序:The names of the visitors were written in the note book.因此答案为 C.
  5)将强调句式还原成一般句式 【例】It was that resulted in the terrible car accident. A. because of her carelessness B. her being careless C. because she was careless D. she was so careless 【解析】将题干还原为一般句式: Her being careless was resulted in the terrible car accident. 因此答案为:B.
  6)将先行词还原到定语从句中 【例】The study you have been making the ancient Chinese characters is an instructive job. A. to B.for C. of D. from 【解析】把定语从句先行词 the study 还原回从句中得出: You have been making the study of the ancient Chinese characters. 因此答案为: C
  7)删除附加结构,将复杂句还原成简单句 【例】John plays football , if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 【解析】将插入语 if not better than 删除得出: John plays football as well as David.因此答案为:B
  8)将省略句还原成完整的句子 【例】?Do you know what Tom does all day ?I know he spends at least as much time watching TV as he his lessons. A. is doing B. does C. spends in D. does doing 【解析】将连词 as 后的从句还原完整,得出:…as he spends (in) doing his lessons. 此句中的 spends 可用来代替.因此答案为:does
  2. 一致法
一致法是另一种句子结构分析法,即在解题时我们要注意句子前后的关系要 一致,包括主谓一致,时态一致,代词一致,比较对象一致等等,以此找到解题的突 破口.例如: 【例】The man rushed out of the room, into his car and started it hurriedly, to get home as soon as possible. A. got; hoped B. getting; and hoped C. got; hoping D. getting; hoped 【解析】C 从 and 可知,此题考查三个谓语动词 rushed,got 和 started 的并 列, 时态要一致,所以第一空要填 got,而第二空 hoping 是伴随状语. 【例】Written in a hurry, . A. Peter made many mistakes in the paper B. There are many mistakes in the paper C. we found some mistakes in the paper D. the paper is full of mistakes 【解析】分词做状语时其逻辑主语必须与主句的主语保持一致.此题中 written in a hurry 的逻辑主语应该是 paper 所以选择和主语一致的选项 D. 【例】Thinking about the fact that I was not prepared well enough, and to lose my face, I gave up this year"s civil service exam. A. didn"t want B. not wanted C. not wanting D. not to want 【解析】此题考查 and 连接的两个并列状语,前后形式要一致,not wanting , 与前面的 thinking 一致,故选择 C
  3. 标点法 在解答单项选择题时标点符号的作用不可忽视.在做题时一个标点符号可能 就决定了一个题的答案.例如: 【例】Our first destination was Indian Greek in Kansas.was then the frontier. A. That B. Which C. What D. Then 【解析】从前后句间的句号可知,后半句是独立的句子而非从句,因此不可以 在句首使用从属连词.故答案为 A. 【例】Everyone was on time for the meeting-Chris, who"s usually ten minutes late for everything. A. but B. only C. even D. yet
【解析】从破折号可知,符号后面的内容是对前面句子的补充说明.故答案为 C. 【例】They believe that the spirits are with the body of the dead person for three days; there"s always someone to stay with the dead body. A. during which time B. during which C. during when D. during this time 【解析】由分号可知后半部分应该是一个独立的句子.故答案应为 D
  4.题眼法 题眼法即语境分析法."眼"指的是题干中的解题关键信息,一旦抓住了它,就 能掌握选择的依据.在解题时同学们应树立全局观和整体观,认真分析语境准确 理解和把握信息并关注关键词句找出突破口.例如: (
  1)?Is there fog in the evening ?Therebe. I"ll make a phone call to find it out(关键信息). A. must B. would C. will D. might 【解析】D (
  2)Most of the Europeans refuse to(关键信息) accept GM food Americans regard it as (关键信息)the fruit from high tech. A. when B. as C. while D. the moment 【解析】C (
  3)Unfortunately, when I dropped in, Doctor Li for Beijing to join in the fight against SARS, so we only had time for a few words(关 键信息). A. just left B. had just left C. is just leaving D. was just leaving 【解析】D (
  4)Is there any possibility of the film (关键信息)in Paris International Festival. A. being tried out B. trying out C. tried out D. to try out 【解析】A (
  5) , but (关键信息)he insisted that he to school. A. Though he was ill; went B. Having been ill; went C. Having been ill; should go D. He was ill;go
【解析】D 总之,学位英语的单项选择题尽管只有十五个小题,但考查内容涉及面广并 突出了综合性和语境化的特点。解题时,应结合语境,认真分析句子,灵活运用 语法词汇知识,通过现象看本质,从而达到分析问 巩固练习: 巩固练习:
  1., the earth moves around the sun . A. It is known that B. We all know C.What we know is D. As we all know
  2. During the test we were supposed to stay in our seats,keep our eyes on our work, to anyone. A. but could not talk B. instead of speaking C. rather than speak D. and not to speak
  3. The country life he was used togreatly since 19
  92. A.change B. has changed C. changing D. have changed
  4. No progress was made in the trade talks as neither side would accept the conditions of . A. others B. the other C. either D. another
  5.?It is 30 years since we last met. ?But I still remember the story, believe it or not, wegot lost on a rainy night. A. which B. that C. what D. when
  1、【解析】D(标点法)
  2、【解析】D (一致法)
  3、【解析】B (还原法-删除附加结构)
  4、【解析】B (题眼法)
  5、【解析】B (还原法-删除附加结构)
  6. When help, one often says "Thank you ." or "It is kind of you." A. offering B. to offer C. to be offered D. offered
  7. he was the last man I wanted to see, I did all in my power to help him. A. As B. Now that C.Though D.However
  8. Who did the teacher the article A. have written B. have write C. had written D. has writing

  9. It"s fun to see all the food I have made in such a short time. A. eating B. to be eaten C. being eaten D. eaten
  10. The speech , a lively discussion started. A. being delivered B. was delivered C. be delivered D. having been delivered
  6、【解析】D(一致法)
  7、【解析】C (题眼法)
  8、【解析】B (还原法)
  9、【解析】D (还原法-删除附加结构)
  10、【解析】D (一致法)
 

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