成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇 成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇 ??
一、学位英语语法题命题特点 涉及知识面广,涵盖了冠词、形容词、副词、动词、非谓语动词、定语从句 及状语从句等。动词一直是考查的重点。 二、学位英语语法题解题策略和方法
  1. 还原法 还原法,即句子结构分析法.很多单项选择题考点实为难度 较小的简单句, 但命题人往往通过加长句式,将陈述句改为疑问或感叹等句型,使用插入语,采用 倒装和省略等手段使简单的句式复杂化, 以增加干扰因素.解题时,同学们应通 过句型分析弄清题干的来龙去脉,还原简单句的本来面目.主要有如下八种还原 方式:
  1)将疑问句还原成陈述句 【例】Whom is it up to the matter A. decide B. to decide C. deciding D. decided 【解析】将题干还原为陈述句: It is up to sb. to decide the matter. 答 案为:B
  2)将感叹句还原成陈述句 【例】role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar. A. How interesting B. How an interesting C. What interesting D. What an interesting 【解析】 将题干还原为陈述句: She played an interesting role in the film. 因此答案为 D
  3)将被动语态还原成主动语态 【例】Our time should be made full use of, A.study B.studied C.studying D.to study
【解析】将题干还原成主动语态:We should make full use of our time to study.因此答案为:D
  4)将倒装语序还原成正常语序
【例】Here is a note book,in whichthe names of the visitors. A.write B.written C.were written D.was written
【解析】将题干还原为正常语序:The names of the visitors were written in the note book.因此答案为 C.
  5)将强调句式还原成一般句式 【例】It was that resulted in the terrible car accident. A. because of her carelessness B. her being careless C. because she was careless D. she was so careless 【解析】将题干还原为一般句式: Her being careless was resulted in the terrible car accident. 因此答案为:B.
  6)将先行词还原到定语从句中 【例】The study you have been making the ancient Chinese characters is an instructive job. A. to B.for C. of D. from 【解析】把定语从句先行词 the study 还原回从句中得出: You have been making the study of the ancient Chinese characters. 因此答案为: C
  7)删除附加结构,将复杂句还原成简单句 【例】John plays football , if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 【解析】将插入语 if not better than 删除得出: John plays football as well as David.因此答案为:B
  8)将省略句还原成完整的句子 【例】?Do you know what Tom does all day ?I know he spends at least as much time watching TV as he his lessons. A. is doing B. does C. spends in D. does doing 【解析】将连词 as 后的从句还原完整,得出:…as he spends (in) doing his lessons. 此句中的 spends 可用来代替.因此答案为:does
  2. 一致法
一致法是另一种句子结构分析法,即在解题时我们要注意句子前后的关系要 一致,包括主谓一致,时态一致,代词一致,比较对象一致等等,以此找到解题的突 破口.例如: 【例】The man rushed out of the room, into his car and started it hurriedly, to get home as soon as possible. A. got; hoped B. getting; and hoped C. got; hoping D. getting; hoped 【解析】C 从 and 可知,此题考查三个谓语动词 rushed,got 和 started 的并 列, 时态要一致,所以第一空要填 got,而第二空 hoping 是伴随状语. 【例】Written in a hurry, . A. Peter made many mistakes in the paper B. There are many mistakes in the paper C. we found some mistakes in the paper D. the paper is full of mistakes 【解析】分词做状语时其逻辑主语必须与主句的主语保持一致.此题中 written in a hurry 的逻辑主语应该是 paper 所以选择和主语一致的选项 D. 【例】Thinking about the fact that I was not prepared well enough, and to lose my face, I gave up this year"s civil service exam. A. didn"t want B. not wanted C. not wanting D. not to want 【解析】此题考查 and 连接的两个并列状语,前后形式要一致,not wanting , 与前面的 thinking 一致,故选择 C
  3. 标点法 在解答单项选择题时标点符号的作用不可忽视.在做题时一个标点符号可能 就决定了一个题的答案.例如: 【例】Our first destination was Indian Greek in Kansas.was then the frontier. A. That B. Which C. What D. Then 【解析】从前后句间的句号可知,后半句是独立的句子而非从句,因此不可以 在句首使用从属连词.故答案为 A. 【例】Everyone was on time for the meeting-Chris, who"s usually ten minutes late for everything. A. but B. only C. even D. yet
【解析】从破折号可知,符号后面的内容是对前面句子的补充说明.故答案为 C. 【例】They believe that the spirits are with the body of the dead person for three days; there"s always someone to stay with the dead body. A. during which time B. during which C. during when D. during this time 【解析】由分号可知后半部分应该是一个独立的句子.故答案应为 D
  4.题眼法 题眼法即语境分析法."眼"指的是题干中的解题关键信息,一旦抓住了它,就 能掌握选择的依据.在解题时同学们应树立全局观和整体观,认真分析语境准确 理解和把握信息并关注关键词句找出突破口.例如: (
  1)?Is there fog in the evening ?Therebe. I"ll make a phone call to find it out(关键信息). A. must B. would C. will D. might 【解析】D (
  2)Most of the Europeans refuse to(关键信息) accept GM food Americans regard it as (关键信息)the fruit from high tech. A. when B. as C. while D. the moment 【解析】C (
  3)Unfortunately, when I dropped in, Doctor Li for Beijing to join in the fight against SARS, so we only had time for a few words(关 键信息). A. just left B. had just left C. is just leaving D. was just leaving 【解析】D (
  4)Is there any possibility of the film (关键信息)in Paris International Festival. A. being tried out B. trying out C. tried out D. to try out 【解析】A (
  5) , but (关键信息)he insisted that he to school. A. Though he was ill; went B. Having been ill; went C. Having been ill; should go D. He was ill;go
【解析】D 总之,学位英语的单项选择题尽管只有十五个小题,但考查内容涉及面广并 突出了综合性和语境化的特点。解题时,应结合语境,认真分析句子,灵活运用 语法词汇知识,通过现象看本质,从而达到分析问 巩固练习: 巩固练习:
  1., the earth moves around the sun . A. It is known that B. We all know C.What we know is D. As we all know
  2. During the test we were supposed to stay in our seats,keep our eyes on our work, to anyone. A. but could not talk B. instead of speaking C. rather than speak D. and not to speak
  3. The country life he was used togreatly since 19
  92. A.change B. has changed C. changing D. have changed
  4. No progress was made in the trade talks as neither side would accept the conditions of . A. others B. the other C. either D. another
  5.?It is 30 years since we last met. ?But I still remember the story, believe it or not, wegot lost on a rainy night. A. which B. that C. what D. when
  1、【解析】D(标点法)
  2、【解析】D (一致法)
  3、【解析】B (还原法-删除附加结构)
  4、【解析】B (题眼法)
  5、【解析】B (还原法-删除附加结构)
  6. When help, one often says "Thank you ." or "It is kind of you." A. offering B. to offer C. to be offered D. offered
  7. he was the last man I wanted to see, I did all in my power to help him. A. As B. Now that C.Though D.However
  8. Who did the teacher the article A. have written B. have write C. had written D. has writing

  9. It"s fun to see all the food I have made in such a short time. A. eating B. to be eaten C. being eaten D. eaten
  10. The speech , a lively discussion started. A. being delivered B. was delivered C. be delivered D. having been delivered
  6、【解析】D(一致法)
  7、【解析】C (题眼法)
  8、【解析】B (还原法)
  9、【解析】D (还原法-删除附加结构)
  10、【解析】D (一致法)
 

相关内容

成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇

   成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇 成人英语三级解题指导??语法篇 ?? 一、学位英语语法题命题特点 涉及知识面广,涵盖了冠词、形容词、副词、动词、非谓语动词、定语从句 及状语从句等。动词一直是考查的重点。 二、学位英语语法题解题策略和方法 1. 还原法 还原法,即句子结构分析法.很多单项选择题考点实为难度 较小的简单句, 但命题人往往通过加长句式,将陈述句改为疑问或感叹等句型,使用插入语,采用 倒装和省略等手段使简单的句式复杂化, 以增加干扰因素.解题时,同学们应通 过句型分析弄清题干的来龙去 ...

成人英语三级考试复习指导:高分语法(2)

   牢记 make possible 的三种形式: 的三种形式: 1. make+名词+possible; His financial aid makes this trip possible. 2. make+possible+名词(名词短语较长时) His financial aid makes possible the poor Chinese student’s entering of the world famous university. 3. make it possible (f ...

成人英语三级考试复习指导:高分语法(1)

   定冠词限定名词时主要表示特指, 应注意以下几点: 定冠词限定名词时主要表示特指,针对 TOEFL 应注意以下几点: (1) the 和可数名词单数连用,表示一类人或物,如:the fern(蕨类), the wallflower (2) 序数词之前必须用 the,如:the first woman, the nineteenth century 但前面有物主代词时除外,如 my first baby (3) 形容词最高级之前必须用 the(有物主代词时除外),如:the largest ci ...

成人英语三级考试词汇下载

   灯饰批发零售店铺 http://shop59981477.taobao.com/提供 旺旺:顶级网店装修 词 A abandon ability aboard absence absolute absolutely absorb abuse academic accelerate accent accept acceptance accident accompany accomplish accordance account accumulate accurate accuse accust ...

成人英语三级(语法重点串讲)

   北京地区成人高等教育大学英语三级考试语法重点串讲 第六节 从句 一,定语从句 在复合句中起定语作用的从句 (每年至少考 2 题) (一) 基本介绍 一 A. 由 5 个关系代词 who,whom,whose,which,that 引导的 The company official whom I thought would be fired received a raise. The investigation , whose results will soon be published, wa ...

成人英语三级英译汉解题技巧

   成人英语三级英译汉解题技巧 赵文通 1,出题形式及考试要求 英译汉的出题形式为从一篇文章中划出几个句子, 要求翻译成汉语. 共五道试题, 10 分. 英译汉试题主要是考查考生在阅读理解的基础上运用汉语来准确而又完整地表 达英文意思的能力.这其中涉及到词汇,语法,句子结构剖析,表达方式等各方 面知识. 翻译这一部分的要求是(1)内容忠实于原文. (2)内容并无残缺. (3)所写出 的语句在不违反前两者的情况之下,符合中文的表达方式. 英译汉的过程中普遍存在的问题有如下几种: (1)句子中有的单 ...

北京地区成人英语三级考试翻译部分解题策略

   北京地区成人学位英语考试翻译部分解题策略 北京地区成人学位英语考试翻译部分解题策略 知金教育成人学位英语教研专家组 一, 大纲要求 翻译部分是 2003 年 11 月新增加的题型,共 10 题,考试时间 30 分钟.翻译试题由两部 分组成.第一部分为英译汉,要求考生把前面阅读理解文章中划线的五个句子译成中文.第 二部分为汉译英, 要求考生把五个难度适中的中文句子译成英文. 英译汉和汉译英的句子难 度均低于课文的英语文章.评分标准要求译文达意,无重大语言错误. 翻译部分的目的主要是测试学生词汇 ...

大学英语三级考试语法

   大学英语三级考试语法 一、 非谓语动词 近几年的语法测试中非谓语动词约占 31.1% ,平均每年近 5 道题,可谓是语法 项目考查的重点,那么非谓语动词的考查都有哪些特点,解答时又应注意些什么 呢?下面我和大家就一起来分析一下: 1 、非谓语动词考查特点 1) 谓语动词与非谓语动词的判断 对谓语动词与非谓语动词区别的考查主要集中在独立主格结构,如: All things because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do not hing b ...

成人英语三级语法知识大全

   成人英语三级语法知识大全 一、句法分析..........................................................................................................................1 二、词法分析.................................................................................................... ...

成人英语三级词汇自测总表

   成人英语三级词汇总表?自测卡 汉译英 汉译英) 成人英语三级词汇总表?自测卡(汉译英 英语三级词汇表 A 英语三级词汇表 放弃,抛弃 能力,智能,才能 能够;有能力的 大约;到处;四处 在……上面;在上面 在船(飞机,车)上 到(在)国外 缺席,不在场 绝对的,完全的 绝对地,极其,完全地 吸收 虐待 学院的,学术的 加速,促进 腔调,口音,重音 接受,认可 接受,接纳,承认 事故,意外的事 陪伴,伴随 完成 一致 账,账目,说明,解释 积累,积聚 准确的,精确的 谴责,指控,告发 惯常的 ...

热门内容

理科英语试题及答案

   马鞍山市第二中学 2007 年理科实验班招生 英语素质测试试题 注意事项: 注意事项: 1.先将自己的姓名,准考证号用钢笔或圆珠笔填写在答题卷的相应位置上.考试结束后, .先将自己的姓名,准考证号用钢笔或圆珠笔填写在答题卷的相应位置上.考试结束后, 应将试卷和答题卷一并交回. 应将试卷和答题卷一并交回. 2.本试题总分共 100 分,答题时间共 90 分钟,请掌握好时间. . 分钟,请掌握好时间. 3.所有选择题的答案都必须从四个选项中选择一个答案,选对给分;不答,错答或多选, .所有选择题 ...

2011年职称英语理工类50篇阅读译文

   第四部分 阅读理解第一篇 福特放弃电动汽车 分析人士评论,福特汽车公司放弃电动汽车的举动有力地证明了这种技术是行不通的。 通用汽车公司和日本本田汽车公司早于 1999 年就停止了电池动力汽车的生产,转而开发燃 料电池和电池内燃混合机;这对消费者更有吸引力。福特宣布它现在也要做同样的尝试。 3 年前,福特推出名为 Think City 的双排座汽车和 Think 或 Think Neighbor 系列高尔夫车, 希望能销售 5,000 辆汽车、10,000 辆高尔夫车。但由于需求不足,截至 2 ...

八年级英语期末试题3

   一、单选 1. After a long walk, little Jim was hungry and tired. He could walk any farther. A. suddenly B. hardly C.luckily D. mostly 2. I will go to the zoo if it tomorrow. A. doesn’t rain B. will rain C. rains D. won’t rain 3. How about with us? A. go ...

考研英语7选5题型技巧

   考研英语作文模板 7 选 5 题型 7 选 5 题型之所以难主要有几个原因:第一,该题型主要考查考生的逻辑能力,包括整篇语言逻辑和句与句之间上下文逻辑 关系的判断。而这往往是熟悉了中文行文逻辑的中国考生所缺少的能力。第二,备选答案中含有两个干扰选项,这两个干扰选 项在表面上看往往与正确答案有一定的相关性,这给考生解题带来很大的困难。第三,文章篇幅较长,解题时间有限(建议在 25 分钟之内解题) ,选错一题甚至可以造成两题出错。 由于该题型在考研英语中出现不久,大纲样题加真题一共只有三套,考生 ...

英语高考中的虚拟语气

   高考英语中的虚拟 高考英语中的虚拟语气 虚拟语气表示说话人的愿望,假设,猜测或建议,而不是表示客观存在的事实。高考考查虚拟语气主要和 情态动词相结合。下面就介绍虚拟语气的重点句型及其用法. should+动词原形(表示未发生的动作) 动词原形( 一、 动词原形 表示未发生的动作) 1. 在动词 demand, order, suggest, insist, require, request, command, desire 等+that 从句中(should 可 省略) 2. 用在上述动词相 ...