汉译英
50个重点句型练习

  1. as soon as

  2. (not) as/so…as…

  3. as …as possible

  4. ask sb. for sth.

  5. ask/tell sb. ( how) to do sth.

  6. ask/tell sb. ( not) to do sth.

  7. be afraid of doing sth./that

  8. be busy doing sth.

  9. be famous /late/ready/sorry for

  10. be glad that…

  11. both …and…

  12. either…or…

  13. buy/give /show/send/pass/bring/lend/tell sb. sth.

  14. get + 比较级

  15. get on with
  16. get ready for /get sth ready

  17. had better (not) do sth.

  18. help sb. (to) do /help sb. with

  19. I don’t think that…

  20. It’s bad /good for….

  21. enjoy/hate/ finish/mind/keep/go on doing sth.

  22. It takes sb. some time to do sth.

  23. give /show/ bring/ lend/ send/pass/ tell sth to sb.

  24. It’s time for…/to do sth.

  25. keep sb. doing

  26. keep /make sth. +adj.

  27. like to do /like doing

  28. make/let sb.( not) do sth.

  29. neither…nor…

  30. not…at all

  31. not only…but also…

  32. not…until…

  33. so …that…

  34. spend…on/(in)doing sth.

  35. stop sb. from doing sth.

  36. stop to do /stop doing

  37. take/bring sth with sb

  38. too…to…

  39. I would like to…/Would you like to …?

  40. Will (Would,Could) you please…?

  41. It’s important for sb. to do sth.

  42. used to…

  43. One…the other…/Some… others…

  44. see/hear sb. do ( doing) sth.

  45. The +比较级…, the +比较级…,

  46. There is sth. wrong with…

  47. What about/How about…?

  48. What’s wrong/the matter with…?

  49. Why not…?

  50. It’s two meters (years) long (old)
********************************************************************************************

  1. as soon as 一…就…

  1. Mary一见到她弟弟就会告诉他这个消息。
Mary will tell her brother this message as soon as she sees him.

  2. 我们一到那儿就去爬山了。
We went climbing as soon as we arrived / got / reached there.

  3. 我一买回来哈里波特就给你看的。
I’ll show you Harry Potter as soon as I buy it.

  4. 昨天雨一停孩子们就回家了。
The children went home as soon as the rain stopped/ it stopped raining yesterday.

  5. 我一回来我妈妈就开始做饭。
My mother began to cook dinner as soon as I got home.

  2. (not) as/so…as 和…一样; 不如

  1. 李雷和吉母跑得一样快。
Li Lei runs as fast as Jim.

  2. 约翰和你的年龄不一样大。
John is not as (so) old as you.

  3. 这部电视剧不如那部有趣。
This TV series is not as (so) interesting as that one.

  4. 她把她的书保管得像刚买的一样新。
She kept her book as new as she just bought it.

  5. 汤姆不像他哥哥那样擅长运动。
Tom isn’t as good at sports as his brother.

  3. as…as possible 尽可能地

  1. 我们在英语课上应该尽可能地多讲英语。
We should speak English as much as possible in English class.

  2. 你能不能尽可能慢一些读这个句子?
Can you read the sentence as slowly as possible?

  3. 尽可能快地完成这个任务。
Finish the task as soon as possible.

  4. 尽可能快地用电子邮件把通知发给我。
Please e-mail me this notice as soon as possible.

  5. 我尽可能快地把书带过来。
I brought the book with me as soon as possible.

  4. ask sb for sth.. 请求,要求

  1. 当你迷路时,你可以向警察需求帮助。
When you get lost, you can ask the police for help.

  2. 一些学生经常向父母要钱去玩电子游戏。(video games)
Some students often ask their parents for money to play video games.

  3. 他向父母要一辆自行车作为生日礼物。
He asked his parents for a bicycle as his birthday present.

  4. 我跟他要我的尺子来给她。
I asked him for my ruler to give it to her.

  5. 当你学英语有困难时,你可以向老师寻求帮助。
You could ask the teacher for help when you have trouble in learning English,

  5. ask/tell sb. (how) to do sth. 请教/告诉某人如何做…

  1. 许多学生经常问老师如何才能学好英语。
Many students often ask their teachers how to learn English well.

  2. 让我来告诉你如何发邮件。
Let me tell you how to send an e-mail.

  3. 你能告诉我牛奶不变酸的办法吗?
Can you tell me how to prevent milk from turning sour?

  4. 让我告诉你怎样做个三明治。
Let me tell you how to make a sandwich.

  5. 一个小孩问我怎样能找到妈妈。
A kid asked me how to find his mother.

  6. ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth. 请/告诉某人做/不做某事

  1. 护士告诉我服用此药需一日三次,饭后服用。
The nurse told me to take this medicine three times a day after meals.

  2. 老师经常告诉我要更加努力地学习。
The teacher often tells me to study harder.

  3. 妈妈让我帮她给一个老爷爷买一些牛奶。
Mum asked me to help her to buy some milk for an old man.

  4. 同学们叫我去打篮球。
My classmates asked him to sing a song.

  5. 我们叫他唱支歌。 
We asked him to sing a song for us.

  7. be afraid of doing sth. / that… 害怕做某事/害怕,担心…

  1.她的妹妹害怕在晚上出去。
Her sister is afraid of going out at night.

  2.我并不迷信,可是我怕黑。
I’m not superstitious, but I am afraid of the dark.

  3.别担心,没什么可怕的。
Don’t worry, there’s nothing to be afraid of.

  4.她担心睡过头,于是请人叫醒她。
She was afraid of oversleeping, so she asked someone to wake her up.

  5.七点那班火车恐怕已经没有座位了。
I’m afraid that there are no seats left on the 7:00 train.

  8. be busy doing 忙于做某事

  1.现在我们忙于练习英语口语。
Now we are busy practicing spoken English.

  2.我正在忙着做饭。
I am busy cooking dinner at the moment.

  3.我正忙于我的论文,不能接这个项目。
I am too busy working on my paper to take on this project at this time.

  4.王兰没时间接电话,她正忙着照顾孩子。
Wang Lan didn’t have time to answer the phone, because she was busy looking after the child.

  5.别打扰他,他正在写信。
Don’t disturb him. He is busy writing the letter.

  9. be famous/late/ready/sorry for… 以…著名

  1. 对不起,我上课迟到了。
I’m sorry I am late for class.

  2. 我从来没有迟到过。
I have never been late for school.

  3. 爱迪生以他的发明闻名于世。
Edison is famous for his inventions in the world.

  4. 因为堵车,昨天他们开会迟到了。
They were late for the meeting because of the heavy traffic yesterday.

  5. 法国以美食和红酒著名。
France is famous for the fine food and wine.

  10. be glad that… 高兴…

  1. 我很高兴你通过了考试。
I am glad that you have passed the exam.

  2.我为你已不再吸烟而高兴。
I am glad that you have stopped smoking.

  3.我很高兴能来看我
I am glad that you can come to see me.

  4.真高兴你被那所知名大学录取了。
I am glad that you have been admitted into the well-known university.

  5.真高兴你买到了新房子。

  5. I am glad that you have gotten your new house.

  11. both…and… …与…两者都…

  1. 把这件事既告诉我又告诉她。
The teacher told both me and her about the thing.

  2. 他和我都是团员。
Both he and I are League members.

  3. 同学们既喜欢打篮球又喜欢踢足球。
Students like both playing basketball and playing soccer.

  4. 那是一个让老师和学生都高兴的办法。
It’s a good way to make both teachers and students happy.

  5. 汤姆和杰克都擅长数学。
Both Tom and Jack are good at math good at math.

  12. buy/give/show/send/pass/bring/lend/tell sb. sth. 为某人买某物

  1. 你介意把这本书借给我吗?
Would you mind lending me the book?

  2. 如果我是你,我将把这钱给慈善机构。
If I were you, I’d give the money to charity.

  3. 请记住明天把字典带来。
Please remember to bring your dictionary here tomorrow.

  4. 昨天,玛莉的妈妈给她买了一辆新自行车。
Yesterday Mary’s mother bought her a new bike.

  5. 你能把字典借给我吗?
Could you please lend me your dictionary?

  13. give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/ tell sth to sb. 把…给某人

  1. 我想告诉你点重要的事情。
I want to tell you sth. important to you.

  2. 请递给我一杯水。
Please pass a cup of water to me.

  3. 请把这本书给他。
Please give this book to him

  4. 当你到家时,请把这封信给你笔友寄去。
When you get to your home, please send this letter to your pen pal.

  5. 把你的作业递给老师。
Please pass your homework to the teacher.

  14. either…or 要么…要么…

  1. 不是你就是我错了。
Either you or I am wrong.

  2. 在会上,你要么说汉语要么说英语。
At meeting, you can speak either Chinese or English.

  3. 或者你或者他每天得照顾那位病人。
Either you or he has to look after the patient.

  4. 我们不能允许他自己在家,否则,他要么看电视, 要么玩游戏。
We can’t allow him to stay at home, or he will either watch TV or play games.

  5. 我们这周六去公园,要么坐公交车,要么骑自行车。
We’re going to the park this Saturday, either by bus or by bike.

  15. enjoy/hate/finish/mind/keep/go on doing 喜欢做某事

  1. 我让他不停地读课文以使他能快速地将其背下来。
I kept him reading the text so that he could recite it quickly.

  2. 你能为我继续举着这画吗?
Would you please keep holding the picture for me?

  3. 我一点也不喜欢吃月饼,因为他们太甜了。
I don’t enjoy moon cakes at all, because they are too sweet.

  4. 这对双胞胎喜爱运动。
The twins like (having/ doing) sports.

  5. 我的一个学生很讨厌运动。
One of my students hates taking exercise.

  16. get+比较级 变得越…

  1. 天气正在变暖。
The weather is getting warmer and warmer

  2. 别担心,他会好起来的。
Don’t worry. He will get better.

  3. 你现在感觉如何?很不幸,越来越坏了。
How do you feel now? Unfortunately, it’s getting worse.

  4. 他越来越聪明了。
He is getting smarter and smarter.

  5. 房子越来越贵了。
The houses are getting more and more expensive.

  17. get on with 与…相处

  1. 我能和我的新同学相处得好。
I can get on well with my new classmates.

  2. 老师和同学相处非常融洽。
The teachers are getting on well with students.

  3. 你和同学相处得怎么样?
How are you getting on with your classmates?

  4. 同脾气不好的人很难相处。
It is hard to get on with a bad-tempered person.

  5. 你的工作进展得怎么样?
How are you getting on with your work?

  18. get ready for/get sth. ready 为…做准备

  1. 我们正在为我们的期末考试做准备。
We are getting ready for our final exam.

  2. 这些天来所有的学生都在忙着做练习,为物理考试做准备。
These days all the students are busy exercising to get ready for the physics examination.

  3. 中国各地的人们都在为北京举办2008年奥运会做准备。
Lots of Chinese areas are all ready for helping Beijing hold the 2008 Olympic Games
.
  4. 看!学生们正在为运动会做准备。
Look! The students are getting ready for the sports meeting

  5. 你为明天的运动会做好准备了吗?
Are you ready for tomorrow’s sports meeting?

  19. had better (not) do 最好做/不做

  1. 你最好写下所有的想法。
You’d better write down all your ideas.

  2. 你最好不要把这件事告诉她。
You’d better not tell her about it.

  3. 你最好快点做作业,然后在大考之前放松一下。
You’d better do homework a bit faster and relax yourself before big exams.

  4. 我认为如果遇到困难,我们最好向老师请教。
I think that if we are in trouble we’d better ask the teacher for help/ ask the teacher to help us.

  5. 你最好能吃光所有的食物。
You’d better eat up all the food.

  20. help sb (to) do/help sb. with sth 帮某人做某事

  1. 你可以帮助我学化学吗?
Could you please help me with my chemistry?

  2. 那个男孩帮老人把一捆柴扛上了山。
The boy helped the old man to carry a bunch of wood up the hills.

  3. 他要我帮他解决那个问题。
He asked me to help him to solve the problem.

  4. 最好的办法是帮助他们找到水。
The best policy is to help them find water.

  5. 她走进了办公室,帮老师拿录音机。
She went into the teacher’s office to help her teacher with the tape recorder.

  21. don’t think that... 认为…不…

  1. 我认为王平不是一个好学生。
I don’t think that Wang Ping is a good student.

  2. 我认为他不会来。
I don’t think he will come.

  3. 我觉得他不会放弃学习。
I don’t think he will give up study.

  4. 我认为长时间坐在电脑前对眼睛没有好处。
I don’t think it is good for your eyes to sit too long at a computer.

  5. 我并不觉得你哥哥很健壮。
I don’t think your elder brother is strong.

  22. I would like to…/would you like to…? 我想做…

  1. 你愿意去哪里度假?
Where would you like to
 

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