模块十三: 模块十三:宾语从句
一、宾语从句的断定 宾语从句的断定 定义: 定义:宾语从句,顾名思义,是一个用作宾语的句子。例如: I don't know if / whether my father will come back tomorrow. (我不知道明天我爸爸是否 会回来。 ) Tom can't decide which sweater he should buy. (汤姆不能决定应该买哪一件羊毛衫。 ) We all know(that)the sun rises in the east. (我们都知道太阳在东方升起。 ) 二、辨别主句和宾语从句连接词 别主句和宾语从句 连接词 引导宾语从句的连接词有三种,分别为: A. 连词 if / whether :原来的直接引语为一般疑问句。 Will he come back tomorrow? Do you know? → Do you know if / whether he will come back tomorrow? B. 连接代词或连接副词:原来的直接引语为特殊疑问句。 Which sweater should Tom buy? Tom can't decide. → Tom can't decide which sweater he should buy. C. 连词 that : 宾语从句是原来直接引语中的陈述句 The sun rises in the east. We all know. → We all know that the sun rises in the east. 【重点】 宾语从句的时态: 三、宾语从句的时态:
  1、 如果主句谓语动词为一般现在时, 那么宾语从句的谓语动词的时态可以根据具体情况, 该用哪种时态,就用哪种时态。
  2、如果主句谓语动词的时态为一般过去时,根据主从句时态一致的原则,从句谓语动词 的时态可以使用相应的过去时态。
  1)宾语从句中的一般现在时变为一般过去时: is / am / are → was / were; do / does → did; may → might; need → needed can → could .
  2)宾语从句中的一般将来时变为过去将来时: is /am / are going to do → was / were going to do; will do → would do .
  3)宾语从句中的现在完成时变为过去完成时: has / have done → had done .
  4)宾语从句中的现在进行时变为过去进行时: is / am / are doing → was / were doing . A. Lucy says that Lily is listening to the music. → Lucy said that Lily was listening to the music. B. Lucy says that Lily will go home. → Lucy said that Lily would go home. C. Lucy says that Lily gets up at five. → Lucy said that Lily got up at five. D. Lucy says that Lily has never been to Guangzhou. → Lucy said that Lily had never been to Guangzhou. 注意】 【注意】
  1、 如果从句说明的是客观真理或科学事实时, 不管主句是何种时态, 都用一般现在时。 、 The teacher told us that the earth moves around the sun.

  2、当主句是 Could you …表示婉转的语气,从句的时态无需受主句的影响发生变化。 、 Could you tell me if it is going to rain tomorrow ? 【考点诠释】 考点诠释】
  1、人称代词要作相应的变动。 、 Do you have any cheaper ones? Mother asked the shopkeeper. Mother asked the shopkeeper if / whether you had any cheaper one. (妈妈问你们是否还有更便宜的。(误) ) Mother asked the shopkeeper if / whether they had any cheaper ones. (妈妈问他们是否还有更便宜的。(正) )
  2、连词的选择: 、 I wander that he will come back tomorrow?(误) I wander if/whether he will come back tomorrow?
  3、时态的处理: 、 Could you tell me when will the meeting would begin? Could you tell me when the meeting will begin? (正)
  4、句子结构的处理: 、 Tom can't decide which sweater should he buy. (误) Tom can't decide which sweater he should buy. (正) 【基础题】 一、判断正误
  1.I think beef taste better than pork.
  2.Could you tell me when will the meeting begin?
  3.I really don’t know what does it mean.
  4.They told me that French is also taught in.
  5.She hasn’t decided that she will go to Australia or not.
  6.I can’t imagine how made his say that at the meeting.
二、选择题 ( )
  1.Excuse me, could you please tell me ? A.when will the film start C.where does this bus go ( B.how much the ticket would cost D.which gate is open

  2.The class teacher asked the monitor. A.why was Jeff late for school C.why is Jeff late for school B.why Jeff was late for school D.why Jeff is late for school


  3.Rose wondered the new mobile phone.
A.how much would she pay for C.how much she would pay for (
B.how much will she pay for D.how much she will pay for

  4.Please tell us .(黄浦区) A.when will the winter vocation start C.when does the winter vocation start B.when the winter vocation will start D.when did the winter vocation start


  5.Could you tell me ?(嘉定区) A.how often do you see a film C.where did he live B.who they are staying with D.what is she doing now


  6.Could you tell me what day the Palace Museum for free ?(卢湾区) A.can elementary and high school students visit B.could elementary and high school students visit C.elementary and high school students can visit D.elementary and high school students could visit


  7.Do you know how long to leave Shanghai for Tokyo?(闸北区) A.does it take you B.will it take you C.it takes you D.you take it


  8.I didn’t understand in class, so I raised my hand to ask.(静安区) A.what my teacher said C.how did my teacher say B.what did my teacher say D.how my teacher said


  9.My English Teacher asked me (徐汇区) A.why Jane hasn’t watched the game C.why Jane hadn’t watched the game B.why hasn’t Jane watched the game D.why hadn’t Jane watched the game


  10.Tom told me this afternoon.(金山区) A.he is going to watch a ball game B.he was going to have a meeting
C.if he is going to see a film D.if he was going to take a walk ( )
  11.Could you tell me ?(闵行区) A.where were you at seven last night B.how’s your momory-improvement course C.when you had seen the performance
D.if there are three kinds of memory ( )
  12.Do you know ?(奉贤区) A.when he has come C.if he comes tomorrow ( B.why he didn’t come D.whom is he looking for

  13.Mary’s aunt has no idea(青浦区)。 A.where can she go C.what she had said B.which skirt she should buy D.when will she leave for Beijing


  14.The class teacher wanted to know .(崇明县) A.what does Alan do last weekend C.what did Alan do last weekend B.what Alan does last weekend D.What Alan did last weekend


  15.I’m interested in .(虹口区) A.how he opened the door without a key B.where did they come back C.whether he would invite Jack to his party next weekend D.how many books you had read


  16.Father asked me .(杨浦区) A.what I had done in school C.what I have done in school B.what had I done in school D.what have I done in school
【提高题】 一、从下列 A、B、C、D 中选择一个正确选项填空。 、 、 、 中选择一个正确选项填空。
  1. I don't know he will come tomorrow. he comes, I'll tell you. A. if; Whether B. whether; Whether C. if; That D. if; If

  2. I don't know the day after tomorrow. A. when does he come C. if he comes B. how will he come
D. whether he'll come

  3. Could you tell me the nearest hospital is? A. what B. how C. whether D. where

  4. Could you tell me the radio without any help? A. how did he mend B. what did he mend
C. how he mended
D. what he mended

  5. I want to know . A. whom is she looking after C. whom is she looking B. whom she is looking D. whom she is looking after

  6. Do you know where now? A. he lives B. does he live C. he lived D. did he live

  7. Do you know what time ? A. the train leave B. does the train leave C. will the train leave D. the train leaves
  8. I don't know . Can you tell me, please? A. how the two players are old C. the two players are how old B. how old are the two players D. how old the two players are

  9. The small children don't know . A. what is their stockings in C. where is their stockings in
  10. I can't understand . A. what does Christmas mean C. what mean Christmas does 二、按要求转换句型。 按要求转换句型。
  1. Does Mr. Brown enjoy living in China? Could you tell us?(改写句子) →Could you tell us Mr. Brown living in China?
  2. "Does the girl need any help?” he asked me.(变为复合句) →He asked me the girl some help.
  3. Jim is not a student. Tom is not a student, either.(合并为一个句子) Jim Tom is a student.
  4. When does the train leave? I want to know.(改为含宾语从句的复合句) I want to know the train .
  5. They went home after they had finished their homework. (用 not..until 改写) . They go home they had finished their homework.
  6. Did Peter come here yesterday? Li Lei wants to know. (改为含宾语从句的复合句) Li Lei wants to know Peter here yesterday. B. what Christmas does mean D. what Christmas means B. what is in their stockings D. what in their stockings
中考真题: 中考真题:
  1.Professor Nelson wanted to know .(
  05) A.when would the conference begin B.when the conference would begin C.when will the conference begin D.when the conference will begin
  2.Our class teacher asked the monitor.(
  06) A.why didn’t Bill come to school B.why doesn’t Bill come to school C.why Bill didn’t come to school D.why Bill doesn’t come to school
  3.Do you know.(
  08) A.when will the Beijing Olympic Games end B.when the Beijing Olympic Games will end C.when would the Beijing Olympic Games end D.when the Beijing Olympic Games would end 句型练习:
  1.The mother asked her son, “Will you come home early tomorrow?”(保持句意不变) The mother asked her son he come home early next day.
  2. “Did you walk the dog today?” Mum asked.(改为间接引语) Mum asked me Ithe dog that day.
  3. “Were you born in Nanjing?” Tom asked me. (改为间接引语) Tom asked me I born in Nanjing.
中考真题: 中考真题: 2007 -2001 年上海中考试题
  1. Our class teacher asked the monitor. (20
  06) A. why didn't Bill come to school B. why doesn't Bill come to school C. why Bill didn't come to school D. why Bill doesn't come to school
  2. Professor Nelson wanted to know. (20
  05) A. when would the conference begin B. when the conference would begin C. when will the conference begin D. when the conference will begin
  3. I'd like to know. (20
  02)
A. when will he give back the tape B. whether has he received higher education C. that he has been busy D. whether she will join in our English Evening
  4. Will you please tell me? (2001 ) A. where Pudong Airport is B. how far Pudong Airport was C. how can we get to Pudong Airport D. when was Pudong Airport built
  5. Do you know? A) when will the Beijing Olympic Games end B) when the Beijing Olympic Games will end C) when would the Beijing Olympic Games end D) when the Beijing Olympic Games would end
  6、Could you please tell us in Shanghai? A)when will you visit the World Expo B)when you will visit the World Expo C)when the World Expo will you visit D)When the World Expo you will visit 2007 -2003 年全国各省市中考试题汇编
  1. I don't know. (2007南京) A. where does he come from B. what is his name C. how old he is D. when will he leave
  2. ?Did Mr White tell you? (2007 福州) ?Yes. He said he went there in 20
  03. A. when he traveled to Tibet B. how he goes to Wuhan C. where he spent his holidays D. why did he visit Kunming
  3. ?Do you know now? (2007 北京) ?In the People's Hotel. A. where is Tom working B. where did Tom work C. where Tom is working D. where Tom worked
  4. ?Will you please show me how to do the role-play exercise? ?Sure. Now let me tell you first. (2007 南通) A. which to do B. how to do C. when to do D. what to do
  5. ?I don't know to do with this maths problem. It's too hard. ?You can ask your classmates or teachers for help. (2007 扬州) A. which B. how C. what D. when
  6. ?Do you knowthe MP3 player last week? ?Sony, I have no idea. (2006 北京) A. how much did she pay for B. how much will she pay for C. how much she paid for D. how much she will pay for
  7. ?Could you tell me? ?Yes. To take back my dictionary. (2006南通) A. why did you come here B. when do you come here (
  08)
C. why you came here D. when you come here
  8. ?Could you tell me tomorrow morning? ?Well, it will start at 9:00 o'clock. (2006 河北) A. when the meeting will start B. where will the meeting start C. where the meeting starts D. when the meeting would start
  9. ?Are you going to buy a camera ? ? Yes. But there're so many kinds that I can't decide to buy. (2006武汉) A. What B. which C. how D. where
  10. Who can tell me at the meeting? (2006 徐州) A. what he said B. he said what C. what did he say D. how he said
  11. My aunt forgot. (2006 重庆) A. where she first met John B. where did she first meet John C. where she first meets John D. where does she fi
 

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