3. The alimony is the money that someone has to pay regularly to their former wife or husband after they have been divorced.

  4. The employees in many companies pensions put aside money for their retirement.

  3. disable: vt. make (a person) unable to use his/her body properly
e.g. After the war, many disabled veterans ended up miserably in Germany.
e.g. The new insurance rules specify that the disabled for the public benefit are to receive bigger pensions. 新的保险条例规定因公伤残者将得到更多的抚恤金。

  4. complicated: adj. difficult to understand or deal with
CF: complicated & complex两者都有“复杂”之意。
complex 意为“综合的、合成的”,指组成某种机器的零件、构成某件事的因素或构成数学题的元素不仅很多,而且相互的关系或相互的作用也令人眼花缭乱,需要深入研究或具有专门的知识才能理解。
e.g. the complex mechanism of a watch手表的复杂结构
e.g. Physics is a rather complex subject involving the study of matter and motion.
物理是一门非常复杂的、涉及物质与运动研究的学科。
complicated具有complex的一切意义,但更强调复杂得难以解释或理解。一道算式题可能非常complex, 但未必complicated; 而一道complicated的算式题一般总是complex的。
e.g. That puzzle is too complicated for the children. 那谜语对儿童来说太难了。
e.g. The material has a complicated pattern. 这种料子的图案很复杂(指很难看懂)。
. Note: approachable用来形容人,表示易亲近的、友好的(friendly and easy to talk to);用来形容某个地方, 意思是可接近的(able to be reached from a particular direction or by a particular means)。
Words:

  1. knock off: (infml) stop working, usu. at the end of a day
e.g. When do you usually knock off for supper?
Collocation: knock down 撞倒

  2. hit the sack: (infml) go to bed
e.g. Time to hit the sack, lights out!
e.g. Louise was so tired that he hit the sack soon after supper.
Collocation: hit the deck 起床

  3. rocket:

  1) n. a tube-like device containing material that burns rapidly and propels the tube through the air
e.g. The Shenzhou III spacecraft and its Long March carrier rocket are undergoing final preparations on the pad at the Jiuquan Launch Centre in Gansu Province.
甘肃酒泉发射中心的发射台上神州三号宇宙飞船和搭乘它的长征运载火箭正在做最后的准备。

  2) vi. (of an amount, price, etc.) increase very rapidly and suddenly
e.g. Sales of milk in supermarket are rocketing.
Words:

  1. bug: v. (eyes) stick out or cause (eyes) to stick out; annoy sb.
e.g. His eyes bugged with horror.
e.g. The naughty kid from next door put a frog in my mailbox, which really bugged me.
e.g. Don’t bug me with petty details.

  2. Note: have sth. on 意为: be wearing sth.
e.g. Our teacher has got a tie on today.
e.g. He has a new T-shirt on.
Words:

  1. alike: a., ad. similar; in the same manner
e.g. Teachers are required to treat all their students alike.
e.g. She and her cousin look very much alike.
Para.13-17
Words:

  1. isolate: vt. set apart; cut off from others
e.g. When I’m angry, I find it best to isolate myself from other people for a little while.
e.g. In the early decades of its history, the United States was relatively isolated from Europe and other parts of the world.
e.g. It would certainly be unnatural for someone to totally isolate themselves.
. Note: 其它含有类似light用法的短语有:
come/bring to light 成为人所周知
see the light 了解真相;接受看法
throw/shed light on 解释,使显得清楚


  3. blink: vi. shut and open the eyes quickly; flash on and off
e.g. Staring for hours at a computer screen dries out the eyes as people blink less.
e.g. You can see a light blinking on a fence showing that you have reached the end of the new road.
CF: blink & twinkle这两个词作动词用,都有“闪烁”、“闪亮”的意思。
blink 指眨眼,可作及物和不及物动词用;也可指远处的灯光等明灭不定。
twinkle 为不及物动词,常指远处的星星、灯火闪烁不定,与blink相比更遥远、更微弱;也可指眼睛闪烁着愉快的光。
e.g. She blinked (her eyes) as the bright light shone on her. 亮光照射着她时,她眨了眨眼睛。
e.g. When he saw her there, his eyes twinkled with amusement.
看见她在场,他的眼睛里闪烁着惊喜。
e.g. As the ship drew near to the port in darkness, we could see lights blinking on the land.
船在黑暗中靠近港口时,我们可以看见岸上灯火闪烁。
Listen to the Song:
Twinkle, twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high
Twinkle, twinkle all the night
Twinkle, twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are

  4. regardless of: without worrying about or taking account of
e.g. Medicare, another form of federal health insurance, pays a large part of the medical bills for the disabled, regardless of age.
e.g. Each state in America has two senators, regardless of population.
e.g. Regardless of the dangers he might face, Henson helped many slaves travel the Underground Railroad to freedom.
NB: 找出与regardless of 意义相近、用法相同的词和短语:

  1. despite
  2. despite of
  3. in spite of
  4. although
  5. though

  5. at sb.’s service: willing to help sb.
e.g. “Would you fetch me my glasses from the kitchen, Bob?” “At your service, madam.”
Collocation:
be of service (to sb.) (对某人)有用处;能帮忙
on service 在职;在服现役
in/out of service (尤指车辆等)在使用中/已不能用
in the service (of) 在(为……)服役

  1. This type of aircraft has been in service/out of service since the early 1970s.

  2. Instead of celebrating the many remarkable actions he had performed in the service of his country, the inscription on the monument acquaints us only with the manner of his death.

  3. His professional knowledge has been of (great) service to us.

  4. If you need any help, I’m at your service.
) Note: If you do not as/so much as do a particular thing, you do not even do that, when you were expected to do more.
e.g. John walked by without so much as giving me a glance of recognition.
约翰走了过去,看都没看我一眼。
Words:

  1. supreme: adj. greatest in power, rank or degree
e.g. The Supreme Court meets in Washington, D.C., and the other federal courts are located in cities throughout the United States.
e.g. 他们辩称安理会拥有最高职权,而联合国大会事实上没有对维和行动进行授权的权力。
They argued that the Security Council was the supreme authority and the General Assembly had in fact no right to authorize peacekeeping activities.

  2. go to pieces: If you go to pieces, you are so upset or nervous that you lose control of yourself and cannot do what you should do.
e.g. Anne is a strong woman, but she nearly went to pieces when she heard her colleague died in the car accident.

  3. come around: visit sb. at their house
e.g. Why didn’t you come around while you were in Beijing on business?
e.g. Halfway through the party, a neighbor came around to complain about the noise.
NB: 下列哪些动词短语可以表示“走访”、“拜访”或“顺便造访”? 1,3,4,5,6,7,9

  1. call at/on
  2. call off
  3. call in
  4. drop in
  5.drop in on sb

  6. stop by
  7. stop in
  8. visit on
  9. pay a visit
Para.29-34
Sentences: Line 91
Paraphrase the sentence. …everything they said was true.
Words:

  1. leave … alone: allow one to be by oneself; allow sb. or sth. to remain untouched or unchanged
e.g. 我叫你别碰那个花瓶,你看你现在把它打碎了。
I told you to leave that vase alone -- now you’ve broken it.
e.g. It’s useless to talk to her since she is so upset; just leave her alone.

  2. garbage: n. nonsense; rubbish
e.g. Peter was talking a lot of garbage about taxation.
e.g. Family members hauled bags of trash out to the garbage can, and, once or twice a week, collection crews would dump them into a garbage truck.
Words:

  1. heave: vt. raise or lift with great effort
e.g. They had to heave the piano onto the stage.
e.g. The teacher heaved Mary to her feet and took her to the office.

  2. wit: n. (also wits) quick understanding; intelligence
e.g. The policeman used his wits more than his gun to tame the local criminals.
e.g. He lacked the wit to respond in time.
Collocation:
collect/gather one’s wits 使自己镇定下来,不慌乱
display/exercise one’s wits 展露才智/动脑筋
lose/regain one’s wits 神志失常/恢复正常
rack one’s wits 绞尽脑汁,冥思苦想
a man of wits 风趣的人
at one’s wit’s/wits’ end 智穷技尽;再也没有办法了
frighten/scare sb. out of his wits 把……吓得魂不附体

  3. knock down:

  1) cause someone to fall to the ground by pushing or hitting him
e.g. The driver was in serious trouble for knocking down a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing.

  2) destroy and remove sth.
e.g. We’re planning to knock the dividing wall down so as to make one large room.
e.g. The house is being knocked down to make way for a new road.

  4. make like: (infml) act as if one were; pretend to be
Pattern: make like sb./sth. make like + clause
e.g. The old man made like a monkey to amuse the children.
e.g. Bob made like he was a fish blowing bubbles.

  5. catch sight of : see for a moment
e.g. I caught sight of her just as she turned the corner and disappeared.
Collocation: catch a glimpse of 瞥见 catch the vision of看见;洞察 catch hold of抓住
Translate the following sentences into English.
e.g. 透过窗户我瞥见一个人影匆匆而过。
I caught a glimpse through the window of a figure hurrying by.
e.g. 约翰经过我们办公室的时候我碰巧看见他。
I happened to catch sight of John as he was going past our office.
e.g. 她抓住他的手臂,不肯放开。 She caught hold of his arm and wouldn’t let go.

  6. fade out: disappear gradually
e.g. As it’s getting colder and colder, their enthusiasm for doing sports in the morning faded out.
e.g. My daughter’s interest in drawing has now almost completely faded out.
Collocation: fade in(使)淡入,渐显 fade away逐渐凋谢;慢慢减弱
Complete the following sentences according to what you see or hear.

  1. The music, with the image of the violinist , slowly fade in and then fade out.

  2. Maybe this is forever. Forever fades away, like a rocket ascending in the spac
. on account of 由于

  2. a general store 杂货铺

  3. a sheep ranch 牧羊场

  4. insist on doing sth 非得,坚持

  5. be backed up against 背靠着

  6. knock off 下班

  7. hit the sack 上床睡觉

  8. a shooting star 流星

  9. bug one’s eyes 瞪大眼睛

  10. a dark complexion 深色皮肤

  11. have … under observation 观察

  12. spit out 有话直说

  13. go for 喜欢

  14. regardless of 不论

  15. at sb.’s service为……效劳

  16. a hurry-up message 加快信,快件

  17. go to pieces 气坏了

  18. recover one’s wits 回过神

  19. make like 假装,装扮作

  20. knock down 击倒,撞倒

  21. The breath goes out of sb. 气都喘不出来了

  22. take off 起飞

  23. fade out 逐渐消失
Words:

  1.under way 航行中 工作中
e.g. Preparations for the 2008 Olympic Games are now well under way.
e.g. A battle to conquer nature is under way.
Collocation:
all the way自始自终 any way 无论如何 by the way顺便说 by way of 经由;通过…的方法
Paras. 3-4
Sentences: Line 13-15

  1. Analyze the structure of the sentence.
在这个长句中有三个-ing分词:breathing、walking和wearing。breathing为made my way out的伴随状语, walking与while连用表示与breathing这一动作同时发生, wearing为walking的伴随状语.

  2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
我信步走去,一边深深呼吸着空气,一边慢慢地踱着步,头上仍戴着那顶白色的厨师帽。
Words:

  1. put away: remove (sth.) to a place where it is usually stored
e.g. Put the books away neatly on the shelf.
e.g. The kids are asked to put all the toys away before they leave.
Paras. 5-6
Sentences:Line 19-22
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
大概过了半个小时我才意识到,问题的关键也许在于把Thanksgiving这个词前后颠倒一下,那样一来至少文字好懂了:Giving thanks。
Words:

  1. get to sth./doing sth.: begin to give serious attention to or deal with
e.g. Recently I have got to wondering why I am doing this job.
e.g. I’ll get to the accounts as soon as I can.

  2. reverse: vt. turn around to the opposite direction; exchange the position of 反转 交换…的位置
e.g. The rise, the first in 10 months, reversed the down
 

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