★过去将来时的用法-初中英语语法-英文写作翻译-无忧考网

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     过去将来时的用法说明

      1. 基本结构与用法

      过去将来时由“would+动词原形”构成,主要表示从过去某一时间来看将要发生的事情(尤其用于宾语从句中):

      He told us he would help us. 他告诉我们他会帮助我们。

      I knew you would agree. 我当时就知道你会同意的。

      【注】在一定的语境中也可于其他从句或句子中:

      It was a problem whether they would support us. 他们是否会支持我们还是一个问题。

      It was six o’clock. The sun would soon set. 这时是六点钟。太阳即将落山。

      2. 过去将来时间的表示方法

      除“would+动词原形”外,过去将来时还有以下常见表达方式:

      (1) 用was (were) going to表示。表示过去某时准备做某事:

      Marsha was going to come with us. 玛莎准备和我们一道去。

      I was going to leave when he came in. 他进来时我正要离开。

      【注】was going to在一定的上下文中有时可表示过去未曾实现的想法或打算:

      She was going to attend the concert last night, but she was too busy. 她昨晚本想去听音乐会的,但她太忙了。

      (2) 用was (were) about+不定式表示。表示在过去看来正要做某事:

      I was just about to go to bed when he came to see me. 我正要睡觉,他来看我了。

      (3) 用于was (were) due to表示。表示定于过去某时将要做某事:

      They were due to leave at ten o’clock. 他们定于十点出发。

      (4) 用“was (were)+不定式”表示。表示定于过去某时将要做某事:

      He was to meet her at 10 on the street. 他约定和她10点钟在街上见面。

      【注】若表示过去没有实现(或被取消)的计划,则用was (were) to+动词完成式:

      We were to have left at 6 last night. 我们本来计划昨晚6点离开的。
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  • 2015-12-29