《高级英语》第二册综合测试 A Comprehensive Test On Book Two Adv. Eng. 答 案 见 http://englishhome.5d6d.com/post.php?action=newthread&fid=21&extra=page%3D1 Ⅰ. For each of the following word, there are four choices marked A,B,C,D. Choose the one which best explains the word given: 20%
  1. intricate B A. difficult B. complicated C. invalid D. simple
  2. eradicate ? D A. cut into many small parts B. go round in circle C. draw together into a small space D. put an end to; destroy
  3. wax A A. grow bigger or greater B. become less or smaller C. drop heavily D. cover with thick coating
  4. squash C A. invade B. infer C. squeeze D. separate
  5. veer C A. move forward B. look sideways C. change directions D. pour out
  6. exultant B A. triumphant B. ecure C. exhausted D. overflowing
  7. unsightly B A. invisible B. ugly C. precipitate D. provisional
  8. testy A
A. examining B. proving C. impatient D. judging
  9. tug C A. pull B. push C. place D. fix
  10. covet B A. surround B. cover C. avoid D. desire
  11. grueling B A. complaining B. moaning C. tiring D. unwilling
  12. infamy A A. being famous for B. being shameful C. being honest D. being refused
  13. dominance C A. ruling class B. manageable domain C. controlling power D. religious establishment
  14. frustrate A A. discourage B. bring about good result C. come out fruitfully D. worry about the result
  15. derelict B A. grievous B. deprived C. abandoned D. hunted
  16. infuriate ? A. set apart from other B. fill with rage C. become fastened D. keep in a certain position

  17. hack a A. cut carefully B. dig roughly C. make slowly D. move smoothly
  18. convict a A. criminal B. aggressor C. captain D. captor
  19. plight A A. condition B. irritation C. conscience D. objection
  20. sanctuary B A. a warm place B. shelter C. a clean place D. a harm place
  21. hobble A A. walk in difficulty with small steps B. walk quickly with strides C. walk slowly and lazily D. walk sideways with tips and toes
  22. debris D A. small individual parts B. completely good places C. well preserved pieces D. scattered broken pieces
  23. invective D A. beautiful words B. facial expressions C. convincing speech D. abusive language
  24. invoke A A. call forth B. take down C. put up D. take the form of
  25. prescribe A A. order or direct B. produce C. protect
D. agree
  26. vantage C A. variable situation B. comfortless position C. advantage D. disadvantage
  27. inquisitive A A. unnecessarily curious B. seriously urgent C. completely controlled D. ready made
  28. gruff C A. serious B. grievous C. rough D. gentle
  29. alienate B A. ally B. estrange C. unite D. oppose
  30. extinguish A A. put out B. put up C. put on D. put down
  31. immune A A. secure B. impure C. odorous D. revival
  32. disintegrate B A. joint together B. break up into pieces C. regard as a individual D. look down upon
  33. coin D A. happen B. coincide C. comfort D. invent
  34. anecdote A A. short amusing story B. long tedious talk
C. uninteresting writing D. exciting information
  35. incredulous A A. unbelieving B. increasing C. industrious D. unimproved
  36. tart B A. different B. sarcastic C. loaded D. special
  37. trauma A A. emotional shock B. mental work C. the state of not having enough D. a reinforced structure for observers
  38. adversary C A. a person who gives advice B. a friend C. an enemy D. a listener
  39. delve C A. give oneself up B. clasp carefully C. search carefully and deeply D. look down upon
  40. tribulation D A. contribution B. delivery C. distribution D. great difficulty or trouble Ⅱ. Explain the underlined words or phrases: 15%
  1. Sometimes the blues did occasionally afflict all.
  2. Several vacationers at the luxurious Richelieu Apartments there held a hurricane party to watch the storm from their spectacular vantage point.
  3. All of them are mummified with age and the sun, and all of them are tiny.
  4. I do not shrink from this responsibility, I welcome it.
  5. As the Jews live in self-contained communities they follow the same trades as the Arabs, except for agriculture.
  6. The main thrust of Camille had passed.
  7. Then for the first time I noticed the poor old earth- coloured bodies, bodies reduced
to bones and leathery skin, bent double under the crushing weight.
  8. She already had the makings.
  9. Read, then, the following essay which undertakes to demonstrate that logic, far from being a dry, pedantic discipline, is ....
  10. However intricate the ways in which animals communicate with each other, they do not indulge in anything that deserves the name of conversation.
  11. ..., but in a flash the conversation has moved on and the opportunity is lost.
  12. Parts of the beach and highway were strewn with dead dogs, cats, cattle.
  13. What really appeals to the flies is that the corpses here are never put into coffins....
  14. It so happened that I, as a law student, was taking a course in logic myself, so I had all the facts at my finger tips.
  15. Dicto Simpliciter means an argument based on an unqualified generalization. Ⅲ.Choose the one which best completes the meaning of each following sentence. (10%)
  1. Something that is is deliberately deceitful, dishonest or untrue. C A. spontaneous B. frenzied C. fraudulent D. stultifying
  2. If something your skin, it cuts it badly and deeply. A A. lacerate B. demolish C. scud D. shrink
  3. People and animals that are are hostile and unfriendly. A A. inimical B. derelict C. facetious D. aberrant
  4. Something that is is so bad or unpleasant that it makes you feel disgust or dismay. B A. appealing B. appalling C. apparent D. appearing
  5. If you , you travel or move slowly and not in any particular direction. B A. invoke B. meander C. prescribe D. forsake
  6. A person who acts without thinking about what they are doing is often called an . B
A. automation B. automaton C. automat D. autonomy
  7. A is a group of trees that are close together, often because they have been planted in this way. D A. gruff B. grudge C. grovel D. grove
  8. If you to something, you mention it in a very indirect way. C A. illustrate B. concoct C. allude D. invoke
  9. If a place is by a particular route or method of transport, you are able to reach it by this route or method. A A. accessible B. assessable C. accessable D. acessable
  10. If someone has motives or reasons for doing something, they do not show their motives openly but hide them. D A. hideous B. desultory C. compulsive D. ulterior Ⅳ. Determine, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false. Put a "T" for True and "F" for False. (10%)
  1. Polly thinks that logic is the most interesting thing she has ever known.
  2. President Kennedy's policy towards the new states is to help them help themselves.
  3. With the spread of technology and science, people become more and more identical.
  4. The law student found Polly had all the necessary qualities except intelligence. So he decided to remedy by teaching her logic, but he failed.
  5. The reason why people would like to go to the starved countries of Asia and Africa to visit is that the people there are poverty-stricken.
  6. While the family were picking through the wreckage trying to find sth still useful, they were very sad and depressed.
  7. According to the writer, the King's English sets an excellent standard and people must accept and imitate it.
  8. Owing to some kind of accident if one even notices the old woman means when an
old women happens to have an accident, one can see her under the heavy load of sticks.
  9. The conversation rambled along aimlessly without a focal subject. When there was a specific topic, the conversation became spirited and exciting.
  10. The Jewish people don't engage in agriculture while the Arabs do. Ⅴ.Choose the one which fits the meaning of the texts we've learned. (10%)
  1. Mencken wrote that when the house becomes absolutely black, it appears . D A. pleasing to the eye B. ugly to the eye C. dirty to the eye D. horrible to the eye
  2. When the girl, Polly, backfired him with all the logical fallacies she had learned from him, the law student felt that he was like . A. Madame Curie B. Mr. Pidgeon C. Pygmalion D. Frankenstein
  3. The general impression of the color of the houses in Westmoreland is . A. green B. red C. black D. yellow
  4. There is always a great danger that "words are harden into things for us" means that there is always a great danger that A. we might forget that words are only symbols and take them for things they are supposed to represent. B. we might remember that words are only symbols and they are not concrete things. C. we might forget that words are concrete things. D. we might remember that words are only symbols and they are only representation of concrete things.
  5. "You would go far to find another girl so agreeable" means A. You wouldn't achieve much success if you could find another girl who was so agreeable. B. You would achieve much success if you could find another girl who was so agreeable. C. You would accomplish much if you couldn't find another girl so agreeable. D. You would accomplish much if you find another girl not so agreeable as Polly.
  6. The Arab navvy was hungry. He was not used to begging, so he sidled slowly toward the writer. Here “he sidled slowly" means .
A. he spoke slowly and shyly B. he looked shyly and sidewise C. he walked slowly to the writer's sidet D. he moved slowly and sidewise
  7. In the Middle Ages, work, according to Fromm, was A. a duty B. a drudgery. C. meaningful. D. forced labor
  8. The stated policy of Kennedy toward Latin American countries is summed up in the phrase: A. "alliance for progress". B. "revolutionary belief". C. "help them help themselves". D. "support their own freedom".
  9. The look of the young Negro soldier that Orwell was expecting was A. that of profound respect. B. that of curiosity.t C. hostile and contemptuous. D. sensitive and uneasy.
  10. refers to the geometric patterns of the international style, the imaginative design of facadism and the playfulness of theme park. A. Modern culture B. Modern art C. Modern architecture D. Modern technology Ⅵ. Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four suggested answers marked A,B,C,D. Choose the best answer to each question. (15%) (
  1) An Englishman came to Tokyo with a contract that gave him two weeks paid holiday a year. He took the first. The second, he was warned in a none-too-subtle way, would incur the company's displeasure. He doggedly persisted with travel plans, On the eve of his planned departure he found his desk piled high with extra work-- a suggestion from management he should stay and work. August may be holiday time in the Western capitals of the world, but while London, Rome and New York are abandoned to tourists, in Tokyo it is business almost as usual. Not only do Japanese companies give their staff fewer paid holidays that those in other developed countries, most Japanese do not even take off all the days they are allowed. The three or four week holidays common in Europe and North America remain a
distant prospect for most Japanese workers, who regard the "workaholic" nickname they were given a decade ago by an irate European Community official with mixed pride and frustration.
  1. Which statement is true according to the passage? A. When an Englishman came to Tokyo to work, he took his holiday first. B. When an Englishman was employed by a Tokyo company, the first thing for him to do was to go on a holiday. C. When an Englishman was given a two-week holiday by his Japanese employer, it would be advisable for him to take half as much. D. No sooner had an English employee come to Tokyo than he enjoyed a two-week holiday given by his employer.
  2. It can be concluded that A. the average Japanese is more obsessed with work than his counterparts in other developed nations. B. JAPANESE workers are least reluctant to take holidays. C. JAPANESE employees are most eager to please their bosses. D. There are so many people competing for jobs in Japan.
  3. How do JAPANESE workers react to the epithet given? A. They feel insulted. B. They are overwhelmed with conflicting feelings. C. They think they deserve to be called work freaks. D. They become furious.
  4. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Rome is swarming with tourists in August. B. Europeans on the whole won't deny themselves the pleasure of enjoying paid holidays. C. An European employee in Japan might be hindered from going on a long holiday. D. Self--discipline and loyalty make the Japanese heat- resistant.
  5. This passage may lead us to infer that A. more marriages will break up in Japan because husbands are spending all their time and energy working. B. a tradition of hard work and loyalty to the group fostered by Japanese companies, is partly responsible for the reluctance to take holidays . C. Japanese workers enjoy the challenge, the excitement and the opportunity for growth that their work provides. D. they are not actually working for the steak. It's the sizzle that fascinates them. (
  2) A mule which will gallop for a half-mile in the single direction elected by its rider even one time becomes a neighbourhood legend; one that will do it consistently time after time is an incredible ph



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