Module 3 Unit 3 Grammar & usage
Subject-verb agreement
Let’s have a check!
? Do A & B on P51, see how well you know about subject-verb agreement.
? What does subject-verb agreement mean? ? When should the verb be singular ? ? When should the verb be plural?
Subject-verb agreement
主谓一致是指: 主谓一致是指:
  1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式 ) 语法形式上要一致, 与谓语要一致; 与谓语要一致
  2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单 ) 意义上要一致, 复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致; 复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致
  3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式 ) 就近原则, 取决于最靠近它的词语. 取决于最靠近它的词语

  1. 当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数 名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。 名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。 Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year.
were Large quantities of water needed.
In western countries, mountains of rubbish were thrown away each day.

  2. 并列结构作主语时谓语用复数
Reading and writing are very important.
注意: 当主语由and连结时 连结时, 注意: 当主语由 连结时,如果它表示一 个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 谓语动词用单数, 谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前 只有一个冠词。 只有一个冠词。
The iron and steel industry is very important to our life.
The league secretary and monitor B asked to make a speech at the meeting. A. will B. was C. are D. were
monitor 前没有 ,在英语中,当一人 前没有the,在英语中, 兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。 兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。 后面的职务用and 相连。本题主语为一 后面的职务用 相连。 个人. 个人

  3. 主谓一致中的靠近原则
  1) 当there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时, 句型的主语是一系列事物时, 最邻近的主语保持一致。 谓语应与 最邻近的主语保持一致。
There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk.
There are 54 students and a teacher in the classroom.

  2) 当either… or… 与neither… nor, 连接 , 两个主语时, 两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主 语保持一致。 如果句子是由here, 语保持一致。 如果句子是由 there引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓 引导, 引导 而主语又不止一个时, 语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。 语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。
Either you or she is to go. Here is a pen, a few envelopes and some paper for you.

  4. 谓语动词与前面的主语一致
当主语后面跟有 with, together with, like,
except, but, no less than, as well as 等词引
起的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。 起的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。
The teacher together with some is students visiting the factory. He as well as I wants to go boating.

  5. 代词 代词each和由 和由every, some, no, any等 和由 等 构成的复合代词作主语,或主语中 构成的复合代词作主语, 含有each, every, 谓语需用单数。 谓语需用单数。 含有 Each of us a tape-recorder. has
is There something wrong with my watch.

  6. 指代意义决定谓语的单复数
  1) 在代词 ) 在代词what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all等词的单复数 等词的单复数 由其指代的词的单复数决定。 由其指代的词的单复数决定。
is All right. (一切顺利。) 一切顺利。 一切顺利 are All present. (所有人都到齐了。) 所有人都到齐了。 所有人都到齐了

  2) 在一些短语,如 many a 或 more than one ) 在一些短语, 所修饰的词作主语时, 所修饰的词作主语时,谓语动词多用单数 形式。但由more than… of 作主语时,动词 作主语时, 形式。但由 应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。 应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。 has Many a person read the novel. 许多人都读过这本书。 许多人都读过这本书。 are from More than 60 percent of the students the city. 百分之六十多的学生都来自这个城市。 百分之六十多的学生都来自这个城市。
Subject-verb agreement

  1. Each of you responsible for the accident. C A. am B. be C. is D. are
  2. Each man and woman the same rights. A a. has b. have c. had d. is having

  3. Every means tried but without much A result. A. has been B. have been C. are D. is
  4. There in this room. D A. are too much furniture B. is too many furnitures C. are too much furnitures D. is too much furniture

  5. The manager or his assistant C planning to go. A. were B. are C. was D. be
  6. Not only I but also David and Iris C fond of playing basketball. A. am B. is C. are D. was
  7. Neither Tom nor his parents at home. B A. is B. are C. has D. was

  8. Either the dean or the principal the A meeting. A. attends B. Attend C. are attending D. have attended
  9. was wrong. D A. Not the teacher but the students B. Both the students and the teacher C. Neither the teacher not the students D. Not the students but the teacher

  10. “ twenty dollars a big sum to her?” B “I suppose so.” A. Will be B. Is C. Are D. Were
  11. Three hours enough for us to finish C the task. A. are B. has C. is D. were
  12. Most of his savings in the Xin Hua D Bank. A. has been kept B. is being kept C. have kept D. have been kept

  13. All that can be done . B A. has done B. has been done C. have done D. have been done
  14. One or perhaps more pages . C A. is missing B. has been missed C. are missing D. was missing
  15. More than one worker dismissed. C A. have been B. are C. has been D. has

  16. Many a student the importance of B learning a foreign language. A. have realized B. has realize C. have been realized D. has been realized
  17. The gas works near the city. A A. is B. are C. were D. be

  18. The surroundings of his house clean B now. A. is B. are C. was D. were
  19. The committee over the problem D among themselves for two hours. A. has argued B has been arguing C. have argued D. have been arguing

  20. The public generous in their C contributions to the earthquake victims. A. is B. was C. are D. has bee
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