Module 3 Unit 3 Grammar & usage
Subject-verb agreement
Let’s have a check!
? Do A & B on P51, see how well you know about subject-verb agreement.
Reading(P
  50)
? What does subject-verb agreement mean? ? When should the verb be singular ? ? When should the verb be plural?
Subject-verb agreement
主谓一致是指: 主谓一致是指:
  1) 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式 ) 语法形式上要一致, 与谓语要一致; 与谓语要一致
  2) 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单 ) 意义上要一致, 复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致; 复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致
  3) 就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式 ) 就近原则, 取决于最靠近它的词语. 取决于最靠近它的词语

  1. 当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数 名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。 名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。 Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year.
were Large quantities of water needed.
In western countries, mountains of rubbish were thrown away each day.

  2. 并列结构作主语时谓语用复数
Reading and writing are very important.
注意: 当主语由and连结时 连结时, 注意: 当主语由 连结时,如果它表示一 个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时, 谓语动词用单数, 谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前 只有一个冠词。 只有一个冠词。
The iron and steel industry is very important to our life.
The league secretary and monitor B asked to make a speech at the meeting. A. will B. was C. are D. were
monitor 前没有 ,在英语中,当一人 前没有the,在英语中, 兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。 兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。 后面的职务用and 相连。本题主语为一 后面的职务用 相连。 个人. 个人

  3. 主谓一致中的靠近原则
  1) 当there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时, 句型的主语是一系列事物时, 最邻近的主语保持一致。 谓语应与 最邻近的主语保持一致。
There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk.
There are 54 students and a teacher in the classroom.

  2) 当either… or… 与neither… nor, 连接 , 两个主语时, 两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主 语保持一致。 如果句子是由here, 语保持一致。 如果句子是由 there引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓 引导, 引导 而主语又不止一个时, 语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。 语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。
Either you or she is to go. Here is a pen, a few envelopes and some paper for you.

  4. 谓语动词与前面的主语一致
当主语后面跟有 with, together with, like,
except, but, no less than, as well as 等词引
起的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。 起的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。
The teacher together with some is students visiting the factory. He as well as I wants to go boating.

  5. 代词 代词each和由 和由every, some, no, any等 和由 等 构成的复合代词作主语,或主语中 构成的复合代词作主语, 含有each, every, 谓语需用单数。 谓语需用单数。 含有 Each of us a tape-recorder. has
is There something wrong with my watch.

  6. 指代意义决定谓语的单复数
  1) 在代词 ) 在代词what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all等词的单复数 等词的单复数 由其指代的词的单复数决定。 由其指代的词的单复数决定。
is All right. (一切顺利。) 一切顺利。 一切顺利 are All present. (所有人都到齐了。) 所有人都到齐了。 所有人都到齐了

  2) 在一些短语,如 many a 或 more than one ) 在一些短语, 所修饰的词作主语时, 所修饰的词作主语时,谓语动词多用单数 形式。但由more than… of 作主语时,动词 作主语时, 形式。但由 应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。 应与其后的名词或代词保持一致。 has Many a person read the novel. 许多人都读过这本书。 许多人都读过这本书。 are from More than 60 percent of the students the city. 百分之六十多的学生都来自这个城市。 百分之六十多的学生都来自这个城市。
Subject-verb agreement
主谓一致练习

  1. Each of you responsible for the accident. C A. am B. be C. is D. are
  2. Each man and woman the same rights. A a. has b. have c. had d. is having

  3. Every means tried but without much A result. A. has been B. have been C. are D. is
  4. There in this room. D A. are too much furniture B. is too many furnitures C. are too much furnitures D. is too much furniture

  5. The manager or his assistant C planning to go. A. were B. are C. was D. be
  6. Not only I but also David and Iris C fond of playing basketball. A. am B. is C. are D. was
  7. Neither Tom nor his parents at home. B A. is B. are C. has D. was

  8. Either the dean or the principal the A meeting. A. attends B. Attend C. are attending D. have attended
  9. was wrong. D A. Not the teacher but the students B. Both the students and the teacher C. Neither the teacher not the students D. Not the students but the teacher

  10. “ twenty dollars a big sum to her?” B “I suppose so.” A. Will be B. Is C. Are D. Were
  11. Three hours enough for us to finish C the task. A. are B. has C. is D. were
  12. Most of his savings in the Xin Hua D Bank. A. has been kept B. is being kept C. have kept D. have been kept

  13. All that can be done . B A. has done B. has been done C. have done D. have been done
  14. One or perhaps more pages . C A. is missing B. has been missed C. are missing D. was missing
  15. More than one worker dismissed. C A. have been B. are C. has been D. has

  16. Many a student the importance of B learning a foreign language. A. have realized B. has realize C. have been realized D. has been realized
  17. The gas works near the city. A A. is B. are C. were D. be

  18. The surroundings of his house clean B now. A. is B. are C. was D. were
  19. The committee over the problem D among themselves for two hours. A. has argued B has been arguing C. have argued D. have been arguing

  20. The public generous in their C contributions to the earthquake victims. A. is B. was C. are D. has bee
Homework
自主学习作业第11次作业 自主学习作业第 次作业
 

相关内容

高一英语课件:M1-U3 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 2 Grammar-1 Non-restrictive attributive clauses Find out the the non-restrictive attributive clauses in the e-mails: Since I’m preparing to act in a new TV play, I’m taking weight-loss pills called Fat-less, which are quite po ...

高一英语课件:M4-U3 grammar-2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 4 Unit 3 Grammar-2 The passive voice P51 Homework checking Answers : 2) bored with 4) was written by 6) were employed 8) was accused of 10) was closed down 3) interested in 5) was set up 7) was surprised by 9) was questioned by 11) w ...

高一英语课件:M4-U3 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 4 Unit 3 Grammar-1 The passive voice Read the text on P48. " 1.What’s the basic verb form of the passive voice? " 2.Can you write out the passive voice in different tenses? " 3.What should we pay attention to when using the passive ...

高一英语课件:M1-U2 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 2 Grammar & usage(1) The attributive clause Attributive clauses introduced by “preposition + which/whom” 1. The attributive clause introduced by prep. + which 2. The attributive clause introduced by prep. + whom When the r ...

高一英语课件:M2-U1 grammar-1(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 2 Unit 1 Grammar usage Present perfect tense (1) The form of the Present perfect tense have / has + 过去分词 The uses of the present perfect tense The disappearance of Justin has made (make) Kelly very unhappy. Note: We use the present p ...

高二英语课件:(牛津译林版)M8-U1 grammar-1(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 二 英 语 Module 8 Unit 1 Grammar-1 Negative statements Money can buy happiness. Money can’t buy happiness. Negative statements are used to correct a mistaken idea. 1.You’re listening to my lesson now. You aren’t listening to my lesson now. 2. Many p ...

高一英语课件:M3-U1 Grammar2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 3 Unit 1 Grammar and usage Noun clauses Read Noun clauses introduced by question words on P28. " 1. What question words can we use to introduce noun clauses? " 2.What should we pay attention to when we use the noun clauses introduced ...

高一英语课件:M1-U1 Project-2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 1 Project Starting a new school club Read the second passage and answer the following questions. 1. What’s the name of the school club? Poets of the Next Generation. 2. Who started the school club? Mr. Owen, the English teache ...

高一英语课件:M1-U1 Language Points-2(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 1 Unit 1 Grammar and usage(2) David Holmes studied at our school from 1990 to 1998. He has recently returned from his studies in China. David was one of the most helpful students that we ever had. In 1998, he went to Oxford Universit ...

高一英语课件:M4-U1 reading-Language points(牛津译林版)(孙逸豪推荐)

   高 一 英 语 Module 4 Unit 1 Language points Revision Advertisements, which often use ersuasive p language and e xciting images, play an important p of art our lives. There are two main ypes t of advertisements. One is ommercial called c advertisements, ...

热门内容

2011年英语考纲(1)

   福建省高校专升本统一招生考试 英语水平测试大纲 (非英语专业) 一、总则 国家教育部高教司在“关于印发《高职高专教育英语课程教学基本要求》 (试行) 的通知” [(2000)57 号文件]中指出, 高职高专教育以培养学生实际运用语言能力为目标, 突出教学内容的实用性和针对性;针对目前高职高专学生入学水平参差不齐的情况, 实行统一要求、分级指导的原则。 《高职高专教育英语课程教学基本要求》 (以下简称 《基本要求》 )对英语教学提出了应达到的合格要求,把教学和测试分为 A、B 两级。B 级是过 ...

民商法英语词汇

   民商法英语词汇 01 (2006-11-01 14:57:57) 转载 分类: law english-法律英语 民商法学、经济法学 Civil Laws, Commercial Laws and Economic Laws 按照出资比例:in proportion to one’s respective contributions to the investment 办理注销登记:cancel the registration 被代理人:the principal 被侵权人 the inf ...

高中英语作文考试指导(11)

   ( 九 ) 广告 写作指导 随着商品经济的迅猛发展,广告业也越来越发达,广告是各企业用来宣传其产品,各 服务行业用来宣传其服务和手段之一,为了宣传有效,其形式多样,文字生动、有趣,且图 文并茂。在此,我们主要列举一些文字广告。 精选范文 ① SANQUAN APARTMENT(公寓) 公寓) Offers you a comfortable and safe home at reasonable rates ready for lease(租借). ?Next to the Landmark ...

英语短语高中

   side by side 并排, 并肩 learn ... by heart 用心学习 combine ... with ... 与...结合 in that circumstances 如果是那样的话 replace ... with ... 用...代替... keep a record of 记录 comments on ... 关于...的意见 at least 至少来源: speak about 谈及 expect of/from... 从...当中期待 in return 作为回 ...

非英语专业新生大学英语学习适应性问题探析

   西安工程大学学报 Journal of Xi刍tn Polytechnic University 第23卷第5期(总99期) 文章编号:1674-649X(2009)05-0126-04 2009年10月 V01.23,No.5(Sun.No.99) 非英语专业新生大学英语学习适应性问题探析 张西玲 (宝鸡文理学院外语系,陕西宝鸡721007) 摘要:非英语专业新生普遍存在如何适应大学英语学习的问题.通过对高校非英语专业新生英 语学习现状的调查与访谈,归纳出新生普遍在课程设置、学习方法、课程 ...