Section A
Period 1
By: Cao Hui
By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
我出去的时候,公共汽车已经开走了 我出去的时候 公共汽车已经开走了. 公共汽车已经开走了
by the time 意思是 “到…的时候在 之前” 的时候在之前 的时候在 后接一般过去时的句子, 相当于 when , 后接一般过去时的句子 主句的谓语动词用过去完成时态. 主句的谓语动词用过去完成时态 By意思相同但 后接短语 如:by noon 意思相同但by 意思相同但
Past perfect Tense 过去完成时

  1. 构成:助动词had+过去分词 构成:助动词 +
  2. 过去完成时可以表示过去某一时刻或某一 过去完成时可以表示过去某一时刻 过去某一时刻或 动作之前完成的动作或状态。也就是说动 动作之前完成的动作或状态。 作发生在“过去的过去” 作发生在“过去的过去”。先发生的动作 用过去完成时,另一个用一般过去时。 用过去完成时,另一个用一般过去时。 eg: We had just had our breakfast when Tom came in.汤姆进来时我们已经吃过了。
二、构成: 构成: ? 肯定句:主语 肯定句:主语+had+过去分词 + ? 否定句:主语 否定句:主语+had not+过去分词 过去分词 ? 疑问句:had+主语 过去分词 ? 疑问句: 主语+过去分词 主语 过去分词…? When we got there, the football match had already started. He hadn’t worked for two years by then. Had he finished the work by last month?
5:00 6:00 现在 By the time I got up, my sister had already washed all the clothes.
The teacher came into the classroom.
8:00 am
8:15
now
I got to school
By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom.
Translation

  1.我到家时她已经睡了。 . By the time I got home, she had already gone to bed. 我没有去,因为我已看过这部电影。 我没有去,因为我已看过这部电影。 I didn’t go because I had already seen the film.
Unit 10 By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
? Language Goal :Narrate past events 讲述过去的事情 ? Narrate vt. 讲(故事);叙述 narrator 讲述者
Review the new words
oversleep “睡过头”过去式的过去分词都 睡过头” 睡过头 overslept 是 over是个前缀,表示“越过;超过;过分; 是个前缀,表示“越过;超过;过分; 是个前缀 上面; 在…..上面;外加”。例如: 上面 外加” 例如: overload 超载 overpay付给太多 付给太多 overeat 吃过量 overcoat 大衣 overtime 超过时间的 加班的 超过时间的,
1a Discuss these questions in a group
? What do you usually do in the morning before school? ? Do you like mornings? Why or why not?
Warm up
What do you usually do in the morning before school ?
brush my teeth
have breakfast do morning exercises
take a shower
walk to school
Tina had a bad morning. What happened to her?
she overslept / slept for a long time
Tina had a terrible morning.
Her brother was taking a shower.
By the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. get got gotten when 开始洗澡 或got
Tina had a terrible morning.
The bus left. leave 离开 left left
By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.
She missed the early bus. =didn’t catch caught / caught
Tina had a terrible morning.
She had to run to school as quickly as she can .
run ran run
Tina had a terrible morning.
She left her backpack at home. 这里的left也是 也是leave 这里的 也是 的过去式但意思是遗 的过去式但意思是遗 忘在没有带 没有带, 忘在 没有带,后常 接地点。 接地点。
When she got to school, she realized that she had left her backpack at home.
1b
Listen and help Tina complete the sentences.

  1.By the time I got up, my brother had alreadygotten in the shower.
  2.By the time I got outside ,the bus had already left .
  3.When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home.
Use the phrases to help understand the tapescript:
  1. have a bad morning 度过了一个糟糕的早上 真痛苦啊! 真痛苦啊!
  2.What a pain ! 走出浴室
  3.go out of the shower
  4. take a quick shower 快速的洗个澡 穿衣服
  5. get dressed 跑了全程
  6. run all the way 把某物落在某个地方
  7. leave sth. swh. 难怪……(从句) 难怪 (从句)
  8. no wonder…
Tapescript Boy: Hi, Tina. You look stressed out. Tina: I am. I had a bad morning. Boy: Really? What happened? Tina: Well, first of all I overslept. By the time I got up, my brother had already gotten in the shower. Boy: Oh, what a pain! Tina: So, after he got out of the shower, I took a quick shower and got
dressed. But by the time I went outside, the bus had already left. Boy: Oh, no! Tina: Oh, yes! So I ran all the way to school , but when I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home. Boy: No wonder you look stressed out.
1c
Retell a story about Tina’s morning.
Tina had a terrible morning yesterday. She overslept got up .When she, her brother had already gotten in the shower. By the had already left time she got outside ,the bus run to school So she had to. Oh ,dear. When got to school she , she realized she had left her backpack at home .

  1. We (learn) two thousands words by the had learned end of last year.
had known
  2. I (know) him when I was a student.

  3. When we (arrive) at the station, they arrived (wait) for more than twenty minutes. had waited
had broken
  4. One of the men couldn’t move, because he (break) his legs.
Homework
? Translation ? Preview 2a
一.Fill
in the blanks.
woke
  1.I up late this morning?(醒来)
作 业

  2.Have you ever overslept ?(睡过头)
  3.After I got to the cinema, the film
had started already.(开始)

  4.He had finished
(完成) his homework ( )
before I came here.
  5.By the end of last year, she had learnt (学)to swim for 3 years.
二.中考链接

  1.Why don’t you have a notebook with you? C I’ve i t at home A. lost B. forgotten C. left D. found B
  2.When my mum ,she realized she had left her bag on the bus. A. got on a bus B. got home C. got along D. got in the way D
  3.The students busily when Mrs. White went to get a book she in the classroom. A. had written , left B. were writing , has left C. had written , had left D. were writing , had left
 

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