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高中词汇语法提高班 ??提高语法 提高语法
杨文哲
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语 感
语 法
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He __ football regularly for many years when he was young. (08天津 天津) 天津 A. was playing B. played C. has played D. had played
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The flowers __ sweet were so lovely that they __ in no time. A. smelt, sold B. were smelt, had been sold C. smelling, were sold D. smells, would sell
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Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage __ the girl and took her away, __ into the woods. (2004上海春 上海春) 上海春 A. seizing disappeared B. seized, disappeared C. seizing, disappearing D. seized, disappearing
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动词 时态 非谓语 名词性从句 从句 定语从句
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动词时态
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时 态 动作的进展情况
双过 过去 现在
将来
time
完成(动作结束) 完成(动作结束) 进行(动作未结束) 进行(动作未结束) 一般(一次或多次的动作) 一般(一次或多次的动作)
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重点掌握: 重点掌握: 如何查找题目中的时间信息? 如何查找题目中的时间信息?
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时 态
过 去
现 在
将 来
过去将来
一般 一般过去 一般现在 一般将来 过去将来 56 24 13 3 进行 过去进行 现在进行 将来进行 18 2 19 完成 过去完成 现在完成 将来完成 23 2 44 完成 完成进行 7 进行
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一,一般过去时
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时 态
过去
time
一次/多次 一次 多次

  1.在过去发生且结束的动作或状态 在过去发生且结束的动作或状态 明示: 明示 yesterday/ago/last.../in 1990 4' 8' 暗示: 暗示 when I was a little girl/ when she put...
  2.在过去时间先后接连发生的动作 7' 在过去时间先后接连发生的动作
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More than a dozen students in that B school __ abroad to study medicine last year . (05上海 上海) 上海 A. sent B. were sent C. had sent D. had been sent Judy is going to marry the sailor B she __ in Rome last year. A. meets B. met C. has met D. would meet
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He _ football regularly for many B years when he was young. (08天津 天津) 天津 A. was playing B. played C. has played D. had played
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She C her hairstyle in her _ hometown before she came to Chongqing for a better job. (04重庆 重庆) 重庆 A. would change B. has changed C. changed D. was changing
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8'
  3. 描述过去的情况 (过去如此 现在并非如此 过去如此 现在并非如此) A Edward, you play so well. But I __ you played the piano. (2009全国 全国I) 全国 A. didn't know B. hadn't known C. don't know D. haven't known
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I've got to go now.(2009重庆 重庆) 重庆 B ?Must you ?I __ you could stay for dinner with us. A. think B. thought C. have thought D. am thinking
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瞬间动作(点动作)
  4. 瞬间动作(点动作)发生即结束 ?? 一般过去时 ? The food here is nice enough. B ? My friend __ me a right place. 湖南) (2009湖南) 湖南 A. introduces B. introduced C. had introduced D. was introducing
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-- I hear Jane has gone to the Holy Island for her holiday. -- Oh, how nice! Do you know D when she __ ? (2004 湖南 湖南) A. was leaving B. had left C. has left D. left
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常见瞬间动词: 常见瞬间动词: open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow, buy, die
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二,现在完成时
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  1. 过去发生的动作,对现在有影响 过去发生的动作, 现在有
过去 现在 time
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① 题中用现在的时态表明影响 I can't see any coffee in this cupboard. A? (05北京春 北京春) 北京春 A. Has it all been finished B. Was it all finished C. Has it all finished D. Did it all finish
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Why does the Lake smell terrible? Because large quantities of water __.(09福建 福建) 福建 D A. have polluted B. is being polluted C. has been polluted D. have been polluted 补充: 补充 quantity of...?单数 单数 quantities of...?复数 复数
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截止到目前为止的)经历 ②表示(截止到目前为止的 经历 表示 截止到目前为止的 C --__ you __ Bob? I'm looking for him. -- I __ him in the classroom minutes ago. A. Did, see, saw B. Did, see, see C. Have, seen, saw D. Have, seen, have seen
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D This is the first time we__ a film in the cinema together as a family. (09陕西 陕西) 陕西 A. see B. had seen C. saw D. have seen
It is/This is +第...次 that+现在完成时 第 次 现在完成时
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_ C my sister three times today but her line was always busy. (05北京春 北京春) 北京春 A. I'd phoned B. I've been phoning C. I've phoned D. I was phoning
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注意: 截止到现在) 注意:haven't done (截止到现在 截止到现在 "还没 还没..." 还没 Hey, look where you are going! Oh, I'm terribly sorry B (99全国 _. 全国) 全国 A. I'm not noticing B. I wasn't noticing C. I haven't noticed D. I don't notice
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  2. 从过去持续到现在的动作
现 在
time
时间段: 时间段: since/so far:从过去到现在 从过去到现在 in the past/few years:从过去到现在的几年 注意: 过去( 注意 in the past过去(一般过去时) 过去 一般过去时) recent/recently:从过去到现在 从过去到现在 注意:可持续的动作+ 注意:可持续的动作+时间段
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C --__ David and Vicky __ married? --For about three years.(2003北京 北京) 北京 A. How long were…being B. How long have…got C. How long have… been D. How long did…get
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瞬间 buy borrow begin/start go/leave die get done
持续 have keep be on be away be dead be done
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A I __in London for many years, , but I've never regretted my final decision to move back to China. (06重庆 重庆) 重庆 A. lived B. was living C. have lived D. had lived
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B Teenagers __ their health because they play computer games too much. A. have damaged B. are damaging C. damaged D. will damage
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三,过去完成时
双过 过去
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"过去的过去 过去的过去"??双重过去 过去的过去 双重过去 time
明示: 暗示: 明示: 暗示: 过去时间词 过去的动作
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John was given the same suitcase B his father and grandfather __ with them to school. (2009北京 北京) 北京 A. took B. had taken C. were taking D. would take
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Did Alan enjoy seeing his old friends yesterday? D Yes, he did. He __ his old friends for a long time. (2007重庆 重庆) 重庆 A. didn't see B. wouldn't see C. hasn't seen D. hadn't seen
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The play had already been on for quite some time when we B at the _ New Theatre. (2007浙江 浙江) 浙江 A. have arrived B. arrived C. had arrived D. arrive
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四,一般现在时
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时 态
现在
time
持续的状态 反复的动作

  1. 经常习惯的动作 频率词

  2. 表示客观事实或普遍真理 Language Knowledge is power.
  3. 现在的状态
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  4. 按时间表将要发生的动作
Look at the timetable. Hurry up! A Flight 4026 __ off at 18:
  20. A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken
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状从
  5. "主将从现 现 主将从现" 主将从现
一般现在时 现在完成时
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--When will you come to see me, Dad? --I will go to see you when you __ D the training course. A. will have finished B. will finish C. are finishing D. finish
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Don't tell him about his mother's A illness until the doctors __ all the examination. A. have finished B. will finish C. was finishing D. finish
time 现在 先finish 再tell
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--__ leave at the end of this month. D --I don't think you should do that until __ another job.(06北京 北京) 北京 A. I'll; you'll find B. I'm going to; you'd found C. I'll; you find D. I'm going to; you've found
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If their marketing plans succeed, A they __ their sales by 20 percent. (2008全国 全国
  2) 全国 A. will increase B. have been increasing C. have increased D. would be increasing
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C He __ to us as soon as he gets there. A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote
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五,现在/过去 进行时 现在 过去
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时 态
过去
现在
time

  1.尚未结束的动作 尚未结束的动作
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Have you got any job offers? D No. I __. (08辽宁 辽宁) 辽宁 A. waited B. had waited C. have waited D. am waiting
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Selecting a mobile phone for a personal use is no easy task because technology __ so rapidly. A A. is changing B. has changed C. will have changed D. will change
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  2.与always/usually等连用,表示某种 与 等连用, 等连用 情绪 She is always smiling to me.
  3. 瞬间动作用进行时可表将来
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Because the shop C all the T-shirts __, are sold at half price. (2004 浙江 浙江) A. has closed down B. closed down C. is closing down D. had closed down B How long has this shop __? A. opened B. been open C. opens D. been opened
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过去进行时(背景)
  4. 过去进行时(背景)和一般过去时
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She was dancing when she fell down. The dog was looking at something when it was attacked.
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I C along the street looking for a _ place to park when the accident _. (06安徽 安徽) 安徽 A. went, was occurring B. went, occurred C. was going, occurred D. was going, had occurred
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六,一般将来时
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将来
现在 will (shall表"命令") 表 命令" be going to 安排好,有计划做某事 安排好, be to do be about to do 即将做某事
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time
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--Did you tell mother you have passed the exam? B --Oh, no, I forgot. I her right now. A. will be calling B. will call C. am calling D. am to call
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I think it is necessary for my 19year-old son to have his own mobile phone, for I sometimes want to make sure if he __ home for dinner. D A. come B. comes C. has come D. will come
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七,过去将来时
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现在 -The plane is leaving right now, but Jim hasn't arrived yet. B - Well, he said he __ here on time. A. came B. would come C. can be D. will be
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过去
过去将来
time
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八,现在完成进行时
现 在
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time

  1.动作从过去开始,
  1.动作从过去开始,现在仍未结束 动作从过去开始
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Now that she is out of a job, Lucy B _ going back to school, but she hasn't decided yet. (04北京 北京) 北京 A. had considered B. has been considering C. considered D. is going to consider
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动作从过去开始,
  2. 动作从过去
 

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