to for advice. 她没有一个可以商量的人。 Who can I turn to in my hour of need? 在我需要的时候我能向谁求助呢? As they were out of work, Mr and Mrs Black had to turn to their relatives for help.布莱克夫妇 由于失业,不得不向亲戚求帮助。
  27. … the quality of life for black people got worse. …… 黑人的生活质量更糟糕。 28….many people remember me as one of the first active black fighters for human rights 很多人 认为我是为人权而战的第一批积极的黑人战士之一。
  29. lose heart 灰心;泄气, 丧失勇气,失去信心
Difficulties were increasing. Even then we did not lose heart. 尽管困难在增加,但我们毫不灰 心。 You will succeed sooner or later while you don't lose heart.只要你不失去信心,你迟早会成功。 If you fail, you should not lose heart but just keep on going. 如果你失败了,你也不该灰心。
  30. escape from 逃脱,逃离,从……逃出 He listens to music as an escape from the pressures of work. 他听音乐以缓解一下工作的压力. He stayed in the background to escape from the public attention. 他呆在幕后为了避开公众的注 意。 The couple had a narrow escape from the fire.这对夫妻从火灾中死里逃生。
  31. He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. 在 午餐的休息时间和晚上我们本应该睡觉的时候他教授我们。 should have done 本应做而未做 needn’t have done 本不应做而做了 can’t have done 过去不可能做过
  32. He said they should not be stopped from studying for their degrees.他说他们不应该被剥夺通 过学习获得学位的权利。
  33. …but they did pass their exams. 但是他们确实通过了考试。
  34. That made me feel good about myself. 这让我觉得自己还不错。
  35. be better educated 受到良好教育
  36. I didn’ work again for twenty years until the ANC came to power in 19
  94. 在非国大于 1994 t 年执政之前,我有 20 年没有工作。 (After Mandela came to power and became president, his government did their best to change the unfair situation for black people. 曼德勒掌权成为总统 后,他的政府尽力为黑人改变不平等的状况。 )
  37. All the terror and fear of that time came back to me. 我回忆起那时的所有的恐怖和令人畏惧的情景。 After the attack , her eyes filled with terror every time when she saw a dog. 自从遭遇袭击之后, 她每次看见狗,眼睛里都满是恐惧。
  38. be proud to do sth. I'll be proud to be part of it 我会以成为其中一份子而自豪。 be proud of sth You should be proud of what you have achieved.你们应当为自己所取得的成绩而自豪。
  39. set up 创立,建立,为…作准备;竖立,架起,建造;开业,开始经商 The company was set up ten years ago. 公司是十年前建立的。 He plans to set up his own business. 他决定自己做生意。 He begged me to let him join the club we have just set up. 他恳求我让他加入我们刚建立的俱 乐部。
  40. be sentenced to … 被判处…… He suggested that the murderer referred to be sentenced to death at once.他建议所涉及到的杀人 凶手立刻被判处死刑。 Robert was sentenced to three years in prison for stealing and released a month ago. 罗伯特因偷
  41. Do you have any thoughts on that? 你认为那怎么样?
  42. to my understanding 按我的理解
  43. He was in poor health in his youth so he had to be educated at home. 他年轻时身体不好,所 有只得在家接受教育。
  44. be accepted by … 被……录取、接受
  45. give free medical care to people there 给那儿的人免费医疗 As far as I know, in some developed countries people enjoy free medical care.就我所知,在一些 发达国家人们享有免费医疗。
  46. He died from blood poisoning. 他死于败血症。
  47. At that time the war between China and Japan was under way.那时中日战争正在进行之中。
  48. Mao Zedong praised Bethune’s excellent qualities in this article. 毛泽东在这篇文章了赞扬 了白求恩的优良品质。
  49. point of view 观察点;观点 It depends on your point of view.这将因个人观点而异。
  50. compete with… 与……竞争 If you want to compete with someone, compete with yourself. 如果你想同别人竞争,先同自己 竞争。
  51. advise v. 常用搭配 advise + n./pron. advise + doing advise sb. to do sth. advise + that 从句(从句的谓语用“should + v 原” should 常省略) , 注:
  1)与 advise 用法类似的动词如 forbid, ,allow,permit,admit,consider 等直接接动词作宾语 时要用动名词,但接宾补(主补)时,宾补(主补)要用不定式。 如:We forbid smoking here.(宾语,用动名词) We forbid you to smoke here.(宾补,用动 词不定式) You are forbidden to smoke here.(主补,用动词不定式)
  2)区别:advise(劝说)/persuade(劝服) EX:
  2) We trust you: only you can him to give up smoking. A. suggest B. attract C. advise D. persuade Keys:
  1)I advised him but I couldn’t persuade him.
  2) D
英语Unit 1 Cultural relics 知识点 新课标必修 II 英语 一、知识点
  1. cultural relics 文化遗产 Many unearthed cultural relics were exhibited at the museum. 博物馆展出了许多出土文物。By definition the capital is the political and cultural center of a country. 根据定义,首都是一个国家的政治文化中心。
  2. rare and valuable 珍贵稀有 It is rare to find such a genius nowadays. 这样的天才现在很少见。 The flaw in this vase makes it less valuable. 这个花瓶因为有点缺陷,不那么值钱了。
  3. in search of 寻找,寻求 = in search for He's sailed the seven seas in search of adventure. 他闯荡七大洋去历险. He went to the south in search for a better future.他为了寻找更好的前途到南方去。
  4. in the fancy style 以别致的风格 in … style/ in the style of ……以……风格 These clothes are too fancy for me, I prefer plainer ones. 这些衣服对我来说有些花哨,我还是 喜欢素净些的。
  5. popular She is popular at school. 她在学校里很受人喜欢。 This dance is popular with young people. 这种舞很受青年人喜爱。
  6. …a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make. 用金银珠宝装饰起来的珍品,一批国家最优秀的艺术家用了大约十年的时间 才把它完成。 decorate with 以...装饰
  7. be designed for …为……而设计 by design 故意地 My brother designs to be an engineer. 我弟弟立志要当工程师。 This room was originally designed to be my study. 这间屋子原预定做我的书房。 His parents designed him for the army, but he preferred the navy. 他父母打算要他当陆军,但是 他却喜欢当海军。
  8. belong to 属于 We belong to the same generation. 我们属于同代人。
  9. in return 作为回报/报答/交换 in turn 依次地,轮流的;转而,反过来
  10. a troop of 一群 He is surrounded by a troop of friends. 他被一群朋友围住了。
  11. become part of… 变成……的一部分 It is part of the way we act. 它是我们行为表现的一部分。
  12. serve as 作为,用作,充当,起作用 The room can serve as a study. 这间房子可作书房用。
  13. a small reception hall for important visitors 接待重要来宾的小型会客室。
  14. Later,Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers. 后来, 叶卡捷琳娜二世派人把琥珀屋搬到圣彼得堡郊外她避暑的宫殿中。
have sth done 请/让别人做某事,使得,蒙受某种损失 We had the machine repaired. 我们请人把机器修好了。
  15. In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted. 1770 年,这间琥珀屋按照她的要求完 成了。 ( I was never allowed to do things the way /that/ in which I wanted. 我从来不允许按照自 己的想法去做事情。)
  16. Sadly, although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world, it is missing. 可悲的是,尽管琥珀屋被认为是世界上的一大奇迹之一,可是现在它却消失了。 I am considering going abroad. 我正在考虑出国。 I consider it a great honor.我认为这是极大的荣幸。 We consider that the driver is not to blame. 我们认为这不是司机的过错。 We consider it (to be ) true.=(We consider that it is true.) 我们认为这是真实的。 a couple of words missing 缺的两三个字 There is a page missing. 缺少一页。 Police are combing the woods for the missing children.警察搜遍树林以寻找失踪的孩子.
  17. be at war 处于战争状态,交战
  18. remove some furture and small art objects 把一些家具和小件艺术品搬走 He removed the mud from his shoes. 他去掉鞋上的泥。 This old table is a valuable piece of furniture. 这张旧桌子是一件很珍贵的家具。
  19. in less than two days 在不到两天的时间里
  20. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for… 毫无疑问, 这些箱子后来被装 上了运往……的火车。 There is no doubt that she will keep her word.毫无疑问她会遵守诺言的. There is no doubt that Taiwan belongs to China. 这是毫无疑问的,台湾属于中国。 There is no doubt that she is capable of the job.她能胜任这个工作,这是毫无疑问的.
  21. After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery. 从那以后,琥珀屋的去处 便成了一个谜。 it remains to be seen 尚待分晓 The fact remains to be proved.事实尚待证明 remain in 呆在家里 remain out 呆在外面, 留在户外 These matters remain in doubt. 这些事情仍然值得怀疑 He's determined to remain loyal to the team whatever comes his way. 他决心不管发生什么事都 忠于球队。 Peter became a judge but John remained a fisherman. 彼得当了法官,但约翰仍然是个渔民。
  22. By studying old photos of the former Amber Room, they have made the new one look like the old one. 通过研究琥珀屋原来的照片,他们建造的新琥珀屋样子和旧的看起来非常像。
  23. One day he was looking in a second-hand furniture shop when he saw an amazing object among the many different vases and jewels. 一天, 他正在一家二手家具商店查找, 突然他在众 多不同的花瓶和首饰中看见一个神奇的东西。
  24. without doubt 无疑地,确实地 He is without doubt the cleverest student I've ever taught. 他确实是我所教过的学生中最聪明的.
  25. the UN peace-keeping force 联合国维和部队

  26. The old man saw some Germans taking apart the Amber Room and receiving it. 那位老人看见一些德国人把琥珀屋拆开搬走了。 take apart 拆卸,拆开 Take apart the pieces before putting the toys away. 玩具拿开前先将它拆成一件件的。
  27. In a trial, a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe. 在审讯 中,法官必须确定哪些目击者可信哪些不可信。
  28. rather than 胜于,而不是 Tom rather than Jack is to blame. 该受责备的是汤姆,而不是杰克。 I prefer to read rather than sit idle. 我宁愿读书而不愿闲坐着。 We aim at quality rather than quantity. 我们的目的是重质不重量。
  29. by the light of the moom 借助于月光
  30. for oneself 亲自,独自地 One should not live for oneself alone. 一个人不应只是为自已活着。
  31. To my surprise the entrance to the mine was closed 使我感到惊奇的是矿口被封闭了。…….
  32. I think highly of those who are searching for the Ambe Room. 我认为那些在找寻琥珀屋的 人们很了不起。
  33. Nor do I think they should give it to any government. 我也不认为他们会把它交给任何政 府。
  34. do with 处理,忍受,对付 I can't do with his insolence. 我忍受不了他那傲慢无礼的态度 What do they do with the coin? 他们是怎样处理这枚硬币的?
  35. take notes of 记录,把……记下来 Please take notes of the important while you read. 请边读边把重要的事情记下来。
  36. Read the information that is provided for the visitors. 阅读一下为参观者提供的信息。 They provide us with food. 他们供给我们食物。 We provided food for the hungry children. 我们为饥饿的孩子们提供食物。 It's wise to save some money and provide for the future. "积蓄点钱,为将来使用作些准备是明智 的。" He has a wife and seven children to provide for. 他需要赡养妻子和七个孩子。
  37. It will not only give you a chance of practising your English but also of developing an interest in local history at the same time.它不仅给你了练习英语的机会而且在同时也给你了培养对当 地历史感兴趣的机会。
  38. for fun 为了消遣,为了开心 He plays violin just for fun. 他拉小提琴只是为了自娱自乐。 新课标英语必修 IIUnit 2 The Olympic Games 一、知识点
  1. the ancient Olympic Games 古代奥运会
  2. compete in …compete with other countries for world market 与其它国家竞争国际市场 compete in a race 参加



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