Unit 6
【重要词汇概览】 重要词汇概览】 ◆ more
I'm more outgoing than my sister.
adv. (比......) 更,更多的,更大的 (构成多音节形容词和副词的比较级) conj. 比 adj. (心情) 镇静的,无忧虑的 adj. 卤莽的, 轻率的 adj. 用脑筋的,有智力的,聪明的 adj. 体格健美的, 体格强健的 pron. 二者,两者都 adj. 受欢迎的,流行的,通俗的 n. 学业,功课 v. 笑,发笑 adj. 对立的,相反的 n. 观点,想法,态度 n. 兴趣,爱好 conj. 虽然,既然,纵然 擅长,善于,在......做得好 双胞胎姐妹 在某些方面 看上去一样 看上去不同 喜欢做某事 多于,超过 在......和......之间 和......一样 =a lot of 许多, 大量的 一点儿(修饰比较级,表示 "更......一点儿" ) 和......相同 使某人做某事 喜欢做某事 对某人重要 和...... 不同 呆在家里
◆ than ◆ calm ◆ wild ◆ intellectual ◆ athletic ◆ both ◆ popular ◆ schoolwork ◆ laugh ◆ opposite ◆ view ◆ interest ◆ though 重要词组概览】 【重要词组概览】 ◆ be good at ◆ twin sister ◆ in some ways ◆ look the same ◆ look different ◆ enjoy doing sth ◆ more than ◆ between...and... ◆ as...as... ◆ lots of ◆ a little ◆ the same as ◆ make sb. do sth. ◆ like to do sth. ◆ be important for sb. ◆ be different from ◆ stay at home 语法知识聚焦】 【语法知识聚焦】

  1) 形容词的作用 形容词在句子中一般充当表语、定语和宾语补足语,如: Our school looks very beautiful. (表语) There are fifty students in our class, so we need a big classroom. (定语) Doing morning exercises can make us healthy. (宾语补足语)
  2) 形容词的级别 形容词有三种级别,即原级、比较级和最高级。当讨论的对象是一个时应 使用原级,当讨论的对象是两个时应使用比较级,当讨论的对象在三个或更多时 应使用最高级。 在形容词原级后面加上 er 就成为比较级, 在原级后加上 est 就成为最高级。 一般的单音节形容词直接加 er 或 est,词尾是不发音字母 e 的只加 r 或 st,重读 闭音节应双写词尾辅音字母再加 er 或 est,如: long?longer?longest, nice?nicer?nicest, big?bigger?biggest。 以辅音字母加 y 为结尾的双音节形容词应将 y 改为 i 再加上 er 或 est, 如: early?earlier?earliest, dirty?dirtier?dirtiest, busy?busier?busiest。 多音节的形容词比较级应在前面加上 more, 最高级应在前面加上 most, 如: important?more important?most important, difficult?more difficult?most difficult。 有些特殊的形容词有自己的变化规律, 如: good/well?better?best, bad/badly?worse?worst, many/much?more?most, little?less?least, far?farther/further?farthest/furthest。 形容词的比较级句型应使用连词 than 或 or,如: The weather in Shanghai is hotter than that in Beijing. 上海的天气比北京的天气热. Which subject is more important, English or math? 英语和数学, 哪个学科更重要? 形容词的最高级前应加上定冠词 the,句型中应给出比较范围,如: The Changjiang River is the longest river in China. 长江是中国最长的河流. The third truck carries the most books of all. 第三辆卡车在所有的卡车中载书最多. 两个人或物比较时,如果只说明两者相同或不同,则可使用 as...as...句型, 否定句为 not as (so)...as...句型,这里形容词仍使用原级,如: Mr. Green is as old as Mr. Brown. 格林先生和布朗先生年龄一样大. Mr. Green is not as (so) old as Mr. Brown. 格林先生和布朗先生的年龄不一样大. 综合能力检测】 【综合能力检测】
一.单词归类 单词归类 ear, subway, headache, hardly, go camping, nose, neck, sore throat, train, stomachache, often, babysitting, go sightseeing, shoulder, arm, fever, backache, sports camp, never, boat, plane, go bike riding, sometimes, always, bus Parts of body(人体部分): Conveyance(交通工具 ): Illness and discomforts(疾病和疼痛): Frequency adverbs( 频率副词): Vacation activities( 假日活动 ): 二.选择填空 ( )
  1. The girl isn’t short. She is than before. A. short B. tall C. taller D. shorter ( )
  2. Li Ming and Lin Tao black eyes. A. has B. have both C. both have D. both has ( )
  3. John is than Peter. A. funnier B. fun C. funny D. more funny ( )
  4. My sister is more outgoing than me. A. more B. most C. a little D. little ( )
  5. Her grandfather fishing on weekends. A. likes going B. like going C. likes go D. like to go ( )
  6. I a movie this Sunday. A. watch B. watches C. watching D. am watching ( )
  7. A: Can you go to the concert with us? B: . A. I’d love to B. I’d like C. I’d love D. I’d like to ( )
  8. I a primary school student two years ago. A. am B. was C. be D. were ( )
  9. He likes to do the same things me. A. in B. on C. like D. as ( )
  10. Maria is a student. is good at swimming. A. He B. She C. We D. I 三.连句 连句
  1. we, like, both, the, doing, same, things .
  2. Tom, has, than , Sam, shorter, hair .
  3. on, We're, Wednesday, tennis, playing, with, school , the ,team .
  4. Tim, usually, school, subway, to, takes, the .
  5. do, how, often, exercise, you? ?
根据句意,选择方框内所给的词语填空。 四. 根据句意,选择方框内所给的词语填空 tired staying walk heavier funny bicycle love lesson leaving concert
  1. How long are you in Miami?
  2. Are you ? No, I’ m hungry.
  3. I live next to the school. I always to school.
  4. Peter eats all the time. He is really than everyone in our class.
  5. Lisa is so . She always makes everyone laugh.
  6. Mary rides her to school everyday.
  7. Can you study with me? Yes, I’d to.
  8. Today I have a piano . So I can’t go shopping with you.
  9. When are you home?
  10.Can you go to the pop with me? 五. 用比较级填空
  1. Who is ( heavy), Wang Lin or Lin Tao?
  2. Mr Green is ( serious) than Mr Brown.
  3. The sun is ( big) than the earth.
  4. Unit 4 is ( difficult) than Unit
  5.
  5. My mother is (young) than your mother is.
  6. Which country is ( large) , China or Japan?
  7. Mary has ( long) hair than Betty.
  8. It’s ( hot) in summer in Beijing than that in Dalian.
  9. Miss Yang is ( calm) than Miss Li.
  10. You are ( athletic) than Jim. 六. 完成句子
  1. 他多长时间拜访祖父母一次?他每月拜访祖父母 3 到 4 次。 How does he visit his grand parents? He his grandparents or a month.
  2. 我姐姐和我一样。我们都很外向。 My sister is the me. We are both.
  3. 我们应该每天打扫教室。 We should our every day.
  4. 小明擅长游泳. Xiao Ming is .
  5. 你看上去和你的妹妹长得一样.你们是双胞胎吗? You and your sister . Are you twins? 七. 写作 昨天在你回家的路上,遇到一个两年未见面的小学同学 XX (不用真实姓名) . 你发现他/她与两年前有很大变化.请你描述一下他/她的变化. intellectual, popular, outgoing, athletic, polite (有礼貌的), funny Yesterday on my way home I met a classmate of mine. We were in a primary school two years ago. I found he / she was much taller than before.
【参考答案点拨】 参考答案点拨】 一、 shoulder arm Parts of body(人体部分):ear nose neck Conveyance(交通工具):subway train boat plane bus Illness and discomforts(疾病和疼痛): headache sore throat stomachache fever backache Frequency adverbs(频率副词):hardly often never sometimes always Vacation activities(假日活动): go camping babysitting go sightseeing sports camp go bike riding
  2. C
  3. A
  4. C
  5. A
  6. D
  7. A
  8. B
  9. D
  10. B 二、
  1. C
  1. C,根据题意,又 than 经常与比较级连用。
  2. C,both 与实义动词连用时,必须放在实义动词的前面。
  3. A,than 经常与比较级连用, funny 以辅音字母加 y 结尾,应去掉 y 加上 ier.
  4. C,a little 可以用来修饰比较级,这儿的 a little more outgoing than me 意思是: 比我外向一点儿。
  5.A,根据 on weekends, 本题为一般现在是,主语是第三人称单数,动词用 likes,like doing sth 和 go fishing 都是固定用法.
  6. D,用现在进行时表示将要发生的动作.
  7. A,表示很高兴接受别人的邀请时,常说: I'd love to. 意思是:我很乐意......
  8. B,two years ago 是一般过去时的时间状语。
  9. D,the same as 是固定用法,表示: 和......一样.
  10. B,Maria(玛丽亚)是女孩子的名字. 三、
  1. We both like doing the same things.
  2. Tom / Sam has shorter hair than Sam / Tom.
  3. We're playing tennis with the school team on Wednesday.
  4. Tim usually takes the subway to school.
  5. How often do you exercise?
  3. walk
  4. heavier
  5. funny 四、
  1. staying
  2. tired
  6. bicycle
  7. love
  8. lesson
  9. leaving
  10. concert
  1. How long 经常与延续性动词连用,又根据 in Miami, 不能选 leaving.
  2. 根据题中的 hungry, 其它的形容词与 hungry 不能形成对照的关系.
  3. walk, next to school 意思是:紧挨着学校.
  4. heavier, all the time 意思是:总是,一直.
  5. funny, make sb. laugh 意思是:逗某人大笑.
  6. bicycle, ride her bicycle, 动词短语:骑自行车.
  7. love, 表示很高兴接受别人的邀请时,常说: I'd love to. 意思是:我很乐意. 五、
本题要求用比较级填空: 本题要求用比较级填空:
  1. heavier
  2. more serious
  3. bigger
  4. more difficult
  5. younger
  6. larger
  7. longer
  8. hotter
  9. calmer
  10. more athletic 六、
  1. often, visits, three, four times
  2. same as, outgoing
  3. clean, classroom
  4. good at swimming
  5. look the same
  1. often, 每月拜访祖父母 3 到 4 次,表示频度用 how often. 第一句中动词是 does, 时态应该一致.
  2. the same as 和......相同,是固定短语.
  4. be good at 擅长于......, at 是介词,后接动名词.
  5. look the same 看上去一样,是固定短语. 七、 Yesterday on my way home I met a classmate of mine. We were in a primary school two years ago. Her name is Zhou Yan. I found she was much taller than before. She told me that she liked playing tennis. She was on the school team and she was very poplar in her school. So she looked more athletic than before. Then she told me that she studied well in her class. All her classmates and teachers said she was very intellectual. We talked for a long time. We talked a lot. She told me a lot of funny stories of her. I thought she was more outgoing and polite than before. At last we decided that we would play tennis together next Sunday. 附本单元听力材料】 【附本单元听力材料】 Section A 1b: Conversation 1 A: Is that Sam? ! B: No, that's Tom. Sam has longer hair than Tom. C: Yes, and Tom's calmer than Sam. Conversation 2 A: That's Tara, isn't it? B: No, it isn't. It's Tina. Tina is taller than Tara. And she's also wilder. Conversation 3 A: Is that Paul? B: No, that's Pedro. Pedro's heavier than Paul. And Paul’s shorter than Pedro. 2a: Interviewer: Tina, do you think you are different from Tara? Tina: Oh, sure. We're very different. I'm funnier than Tara. And I'm more outgoing. Let's see, what else? Oh, I'm more athletic, too. Interviewer: So, Tara, are you more serious than Tina? Tara: I guess so. I'm smarter than Tina. And I'm quieter. Section B
2a and 2b: Interviewer: Who is your best friend, Holly? Holly: Pete. Interviewer: Why is he a good friend? Holly: Because he likes to do the same things as I do. He's popular, too, and he's good at sports. Interviewer: Are you good at sports, too? Holly: Well, I like sports, but Pete's more athletic than I. I'd say we're both pretty outgoing, though. Interviewer: What else do you like about Pete? Holly: He's funnier than I am, and he's wilder. I'm a little quieter. Interviewer: How about you, Maria? Who's your best friend? Maria: My best friend is Vera. Interviewer: What do you like about her? Maria: Well, she's a good listener, and she keeps secrets-that's important to me. Interviewer: Is she a lot like you? Maria: Some people say that we look alike. We're both tall, and we both have long, curly hair. But Vera is much quieter than I, and she's also smarter. I'm more outgoing.
 

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