U
NIT
SECTION
2
A
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Do We Really Want Eternal Life?
ENTER
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
HOME
Vocabulary
EX: III. P. 34 EX: IV. P. 35
Collocation
EX: V. P. 36
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
Essay Summary
EX: IX. P. 38
ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
.
1
II. Answer the following questions. Why have people been disappointed for thousands of years?
Because they couldn’t live longer without growing older.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
2
For what was the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon more famous?
He was more famous for his search for the Fountain of Youth.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
3
What is one of the ways mentioned in the second paragraph used by people to stop their aging?
They take a bath in tubs of warm mud and receive injections of monkey glands.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
4
What is the big achievement of modern times as far as human lifespan is concerned?
Many people can reach the age they are designed for because of their being well off.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
5
What is the current emphasis in age research?
The emphasis is on finding ways to ensure that more people achieve the maximum lifespan in healthy conditions.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
6
What was Mark Twain’s attitude towards exercise?
He hated exercise and never took any.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
7
Why does the author say that laboratory rats and mice pay a price for the experiments?
Because they reproduce less or don’t reproduce at all.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
8
What does gene therapy promise according to the author?
It can help slow down ageing.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
9
What would happen if people were to live a lot longer and everything else stayed the same?
Old people would soon end up as a huge majority and the planet would have trouble supporting so many people.
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ercises
Comprehension
EX: II. P. 34
10
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What is the author’s attitude towards old age?
The author thinks that old age is one of the natural phenomena, and it is the last part of one’s life.
ercises
Vocabulary
EX: III. P.34
III. Complete the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
perish tempt originate adhere manipulate promising rupture afflict optimum persistent despise patent necessitate terminate diminish

  1. Such questions should be approached honestly and in full awareness that terminating loan agreements will cost money due to cancellation or other charges. originates
  2. The word “jeans” from the place name Genoa, where sailors form the port hit on the idea of making trousers from the sturdy P Down sailcloth.
AGE
ercises
Vocabulary
EX:III. P. 35
III. Complete the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
perish tempt originate adhere manipulate promising rupture afflict optimum persistent despise patent necessitate terminate diminish
tempted
  3. Don’t be to buy mechanical items from overseas, unless you are absolutely sure that the power requirements are available here.
  4. In the 1970’s, Australian jazz experienced the same afflicted calamitous slump that the music generally.
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: III. P.35
III. Complete the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
perish tempt originate adhere manipulate promising rupture afflict optimum persistent despise patent necessitate terminate diminish
optimum
  5. They maintain an body temperature by alternately moving from a hot spot to a cooler one and back again throughout the day.
  6. The economies of the two countries have grown so interdependent over the past decade that neither rupture could easily contemplate a .
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: III. P. 35
III. Complete the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
perish tempt originate adhere manipulate promising rupture afflict optimum persistent despise patent necessitate terminate diminish

  7. Although there is much to support this view, it is adhered now realized that it can only be to with some reservations, as we shall see.
  8. There is no black South African family more persistent rebellious, and more in their political opposition to apartheid than these young people.
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: III. P. 35
III. Complete the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
perish tempt originate adhere manipulate promising rupture afflict optimum persistent despise patent necessitate terminate diminish

  9. The Labor Party took the first step yesterday towards the power of the trade diminishing unions in its policy-making procedures.
  10. These writers criticized the industry for being a second-rate imitation of Hollywood, but that was despised because they American cinema.
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: III. P.35
III. Complete the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.
perish tempt originate adhere manipulate promising rupture afflict optimum persistent despise patent necessitate terminate diminish

  11. The new technique for making this kind of food is patented of course and the trademark “HotDog” is being sought. manipulate
  12. They tried to the media to their advantage by the selective release of carefully timed and adjusted information.
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ercises
Vocabulary EX: IV. P. 35 IV. Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with words or expressions from the text that best keep the original meaning.

  1. Scientists have been looking for signs of rock layers which might have trapped oil in this region for years. searching for
  2. The politician completed his ten minutes’ speech by proposing a toast to everyone’s health at the party. ended up
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: IV. P. 35

  3. He came all the way from America with a desire for meeting his lost son here, on the basis of which a film was made.
in the hope of

  4. He expressed his good wishes to his counterpart and anticipated an increased trade between the two countries.
looked forward to
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: IV. P. 35

  5. He was determined to keep this job no matter what difficulties he might run into and how hard his wife insisted on him giving it up.
hold on to

  6. The doctor said that this kind of disease could be cured if it were discovered promptly and the patient were sent to hospital immediately. in time
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: IV. P. 35

  7. It is reported that people in this area whose living standards were rather low are now living in comfortable circumstances.
well off

  8. The pressure exerted from this machine under these circumstances is called the osmotic pressure.
conditions
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: IV. P. 35

  9. The police were sure that he was associated with the recent murder case, which attracted great public attention.
involved in

  10. He worked too hard and was tired to such a degree that he fainted at the construction site.
to such an extent
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ercises
Vocabulary
EX: IV. P. 36

  11. This treatment, which came from Japan, is by no means as violent as it sounds and it can be used, in varying degrees, on anyone from babies to the very old.
originated in

  12. The more this principle is understood and the more firmly it is stuck to, whether in practical or in theoretical subjects, the more difficult it will be for a school to organize its teaching. adhered to
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ercises
Collocation
EX: V. P. 36
V. Look at the following sentence taken from your
reading passage. Just think about what else you can “improve” and fill in the sentences with the right words.
e.g. But even for those who stick to the rules, all that a healthy lifestyle can do is to improve their chances of staying in reasonable shape for their age.
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ercises

  1. To be successful, some online students may have to improve their writing abi lities to be able to communicate through written language.
  2. In relation to the complaint you have made, there is nothing we can do to improve the quality of these goods.
  3. Parts of the school sports fund will be used to improve the condition of the swimming pool.
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ercises

  4. Our policies have to be judged against one clear test: will they improve the people’s living sta ndard?
  5. The government has also promised to improve our education sys tem, making it work harder to meet the needs of our country’s economic development.
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ercises

  6. Everything has a reason and every piece of behavior functions in some way to improve the chances of survival of the animal concerned.
  7. The cycling, walking, swimming or other repetitive activities can boost the heart rate, increase circulation and improve the body’s utilization of oxygen.
  8. The writer highly recommends the training method to anyone who wants to improve these adaptive skills .
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ercises
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
VI. Translate the following into English.
1
在那场战斗中,由于食物严重短缺,许多士兵死于 在那场战斗中,由于食物严重短缺,许多士兵死于 食物严重短缺 饥渴。 饥渴。 due to/owing to/ because of perish from
During the battle a large number of men perished from hunger and thirst due to the severe shortage of food.
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ercises
2
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
本项研究进一步证实礼花起源于中国。 本项研究进一步证实礼花起源于中国。 进一步证实礼花起源于中国
originate in further This research project has further proved that fireworks have originated in China.
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ercises
3
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
很想亲自到那里查看 亲自到那里查看一下事故到底是怎么发 他 很想 亲自 到那里 查看 一下事故到底是怎么发 生的。 生的。
be tempted to
in person
check out
He is tempted to go there in person and check out how the accident happened.
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ercises
4
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
目前人类还没有找到有效的办法治疗这种疾病, 目前 人类还没有找到有效的办法治疗这种疾病, 人类还没有找到有效的办法治疗这种疾病 它仍然在折磨着老年人。 折磨着老年人 它仍然在折磨着老年人。
at present afflict
At present, people have not found an effective way to cure this disease, which is still afflicting old people.
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ercises
5
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
承包商必须遵守 合同, 承包商 必须遵守 合同 , 按时完成这项重要的工 必须 遵守合同 程。
contractor
adhere to The contractor must adhere to the contract and complete the important project on time.
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ercises
6
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
通过坚持不懈的努力, 通过坚持不懈的努力,他们最终调解了这两个 坚持不懈的努力 地区之间的争端。 地区之间的争端。 争端
persisted dispute
With persisted efforts, they finally settled the dispute between the two regions.
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ercises
Translation
7
EX: VI. P. 36
如果乙方不能够在规定的时间内交货的话, 如果乙方不能够在规定的时间内交货的话,甲 方有权解除合同,并索赔损失。 方有权解除合同, 索赔损失。 解除合同
claim for loss
terminate
If Party B fails in delivering goods at a given time, Party A is entitled to terminate the contract and claim for any loss.
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ercises
8
Translation
EX: VI. P. 36
获得发明专利权通常需要一周时间。 获得发明专利权通常需要一周时间。 专利权通常需要一周时间
patent
It usually takes a week to patent one’s invention.
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Essay Summary
EX: IX. P. 38
Choose the best one of the 4 answers given to fill in each blank. Men have wanted to live longer without growing older for thousands
  1. A. discovering B.expect
C. expecting D. discover
  2. A. times B. world of years, and have always been C. worlds D. time disappointed. As early as 16th century,
  3. A.worried B. weakened C. tempted D. terrified someone tried to 1 the “Fountain of
  4. A. wanting B. searching Youth”, but failed. In modern 2, C. expect D. hope people are 3 to try all kinds of things
  5. A. positive B. negative in the 4 of preventing the 5 effects of C. effective D.argumentative
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Essay Summary
ageing.
EX: IX. P. 38

  6. A. on C. With
B. under D. in

  7. A. why B. who The current emphasis in age C. which D. where research is 6 finding ways to
  8. A. health B. condition ensure that people 7 achieve the C. circumstance D. extent maximum lifespan do so in good 8 8,
  9. A. Little B.Few not in illness and decay. 9 of the C. Much D. Many advice for a long lifespan is simple
  10. A. individual B.common C. general D. average 10 sense: adhere to 11 lifestyle, eat
  11. A. unhealthy B. health and drink in moderation, do not C. un-health D. healthy smoke, and 12 regular exercise.
  12. A. work B. take C. exert D. make
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Essay Summary
EX: IX. P. 38
Today many experiments have also been 13 on laboratory animals to f
 

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