北京邮电大学远程函授教育 《大学英语精读第一册》课程综合练习题与答案
I. Translate the following phrases into English:
  1.留出足够的时间 set aside enough time
  2.填写你的名字 fill in your name
  3.一定要复习功课 be sure to go over the lessons
  4.充分利用你的词典 make full use of your dictionary
  5. 意识到危害 be aware of the dangers
  6. 订一张作息时间表 make a schedule of time
  7. 获得好成绩 receive good grades
  8. 禁不住笑了 can not help laughing
  9. 放弃航海 give up sailing
  10. 梦想周游世界 dream of going round the world
  11. 着手写报告 set out to write the report
  12. 下决心游过海 be determined to swim across the sea
  13. 受到热烈欢迎 receive a warm welcome
  14. 用无线电联系 contact by radio
  15.即将来临 round the corner
  16.穿白衣服的女孩 a girl in white
  17.对成功有把握 be sure of success
  18. 撕开信封 tear the envelop open
  19. 像一只断了翅膀的小鸟 like a bird with a broken wing

  20. 弯下腰把它捡起来 stoop to pick it up
  21. 感到一阵失望的痛楚 feel a pang of disappointment
  22.乍一看 at first glance
  23.代沟 generation gap
  24.禁止他们钓鱼 prohibit them from fishing
  25.文化程度更高的一代新人 a more literate new generation
  26. 伴随电视成长的一代 the generation growing up with television
  27. 值得看的电视节目 worthwhile TV programs
  28. 没能互相交流思想 fail to communicate with each other
  29.放声大哭 burst into tears
  30.挂起这件大衣 hang up the coat
  31.坚持这个计划 stick to this plan
  32.突然看见圣诞老人 catch sight of Santa Claus
  33.用礼物塞满你的长筒袜 fill your stocking with presents
  34. 扑倒在台阶上 fall upon the steps
  35. 掀开窗帘一角 draw back the curtain
  36.跟上时代 keep up with the times
  37.被洪水所耽搁 be held up by the flood
  38.导致肺癌 result in lung cancer
  39.决定举行罢工 decide to go on strike
  40.对这个问题感到惊奇 be amazed at the question
  41.质量检验 a quality control inspection

  42. 美化单调的环境 beautify the dull setting
  43. 有生产积极性 have incentive to produce
  44. 调剂令人厌倦的工作 relieve the boring work
  45. 家道败落 come down in the world
  46.渴望自由 long for freedom
  47.利用这个机会 take advantage of this opportunity
  48.掏出他的手枪 pull out his gun
  49.陈列在桌上的新书 the new books laid out on the table
  50.品尝月饼 sample the moon cakes
  51.把他误认成他的孪生兄弟 mistake him for his twin brother
  52.合孩子们的口味 to the children’s taste
  53.站成一长行 stand in a row
  54. 挽回“面子” save one’s “honor”
  55. 突然动了恻隐之心 in a burst of benevolence
  56. 收回不得体的话 unsay the tactless words
  57. 无意购买 have no intention of making a purchase
  58.把桌布铺平 smooth out a table-cloth
  59.代替煤 take the place of coal
  60.对这事故负责 be responsible for the accident
  61.站起身 get to one’s feet
  62. 减轻噩耗的打击 soften the blow of tragic news
  63. 凶多吉少 be full of terrible implications

  64. 在世上无所畏惧 have nothing in the world to fear
  65.急于想知道这消息 be eager to know the news
  66.与一般孩子相比较 be compared with average children (be compared to average children)
  67.记笔记 make notes
  68.更好地利用你的汽车 put your car to better use
  69. 失去做某事的能力 lose the ability to do something
  70. 头脑敏捷 have a quick mind
  71. 妨碍孩子学习 prevent children from learning
  72.朝图书馆走去 make one’s way to library
  73.被这场比赛深深吸引 be caught up in the match
  74.驶进火车站 pull into the station
  75.允许她的丈夫回来 take her husband back
  76.深夜 deep into the night
  77. 像生了根似的坐着 sit rooted in one’s seat
  78. 占靠窗的座位 take over window seats
  79. 打瞌睡 nod in sleep
  80. 等待老橡树的出现 wait for the approach of the big oak tree II. Translate the following sentences into English:
  1. 记住我们对你说过的话,一次考试通不过天不会塌下来。 Remember what we said to you. The world won’t end if you don’t pass a test.
  2. 这篇文章的目的是告诉学生怎样培养良好的学习习惯。 The purpose of the text is to tell students how to improve good study habits.
  3. 有些人以为有钱就一定幸福,然而事实未必如此。 Some people think if they have money they will be happy. This is not necessarily the case.
  4.阅读上多花些时间,一定会提高你的阅读速度和理解能力。
Spend more time doing reading comprehension, and you are sure to increase your reading speed and improve your comprehension as well.
  5.我确信她的教学经验对这项工作来说是足够的。 I’m sure her teaching experience is adequate for the job.
  6.看到这张照片,我不禁想起了我在军队的日子。 Seeing this photo, I couldn’t help thinking of the days I spent in the army.
  7.我正忙着修理自行车时,马克走来拖着我去看书展。 When I was busy repairing the bike, Mark came and dragged me out to a book show.
  8. 在停下进行短暂休息之前,我们已经走完了 20 英里。 Before stopping to have a short rest, we had covered twenty miles.
  9. 我们梦想着参加比赛,并决心获胜。 We are dreaming of taking part in the game and are determined to win it.
  10.圣诞节快到了。我确信祖母会送我一合巧克力。 Christmas is round the corner. I’m sure my grandmother will send me a box of chocolates.
  11. 我们已安排好由小张去火车站接你们。 We have arranged for Xiao Zhang to meet you at the station.
  12. 他冷得直发抖,似乎不能再忍受下去了。 He felt so cold that he kept trembling as if unable to endure it any more.
  13.一班的同学相信他们班能得冠军。 Students in Class One are sure of their winning the championship.
  14.她似乎乐于在装配线上工作。 She seemed content to work on the assembly line.
  15.我听说在那个国家禁止 18 岁以下的青年购买香烟。 I hear young people under 18 are prohibited from buying cigarettes in that country.
  16.如果我们关掉电视一小时,我们可以一起去爬山。 If we turned off TV an hour, we could climb the mountain together.
  17.众所周知,北京大学是世界著名的大学。 It is well known that Beijing University is world famous.
  18. 第一眼我就发现他是一个非常聪明的孩子。 At first glance, I know that he is a very clever child.
  19.这场事故部分地是由于我的粗心。 The accident was in part because of my carelessness.
  20.他们的谈话很风趣,逗得我们都哈哈大笑。 Their dialogue was so funny that we all broke into laughter.
  21.吉姆年轻时除了红茶什么也不喝。 Jim used to drink nothing but red tea when he was young.
  22.他每天离开教室前都要确保所有的窗户都关了。 He makes sure that all the windows are closed before he leaves every day.
  23.我好几天没看见李明了,他是病倒了还是怎么了? I haven’t seen Li Ming for quite a few days. Has he fallen ill or something?
  24. 我们不敢和陈先生开玩笑,惟恐他发火。 We dare not play jokes on Mr. Chen lest he (should) become angry.
  25.干完活后请把所有的工具放好。
When you have finished your work, put all the tools in place please.
  26.工人们决定为争取更多的工资而举行罢工。 The workers decided to go on strike for more pays.
  27.大楼的修建工作由于缺少资金被耽搁了。 The construction of the building is held up because of the lack of fund.
  28.布莱克家着火时,一家人正巧在看电影。 The Blacks happened to be at the cinema when their house caught fire.
  29.新来的人对这么差的工作条件感到很震惊。 The newcomers were shocked at the terrible working conditions.
  30.尽管今天上午看起来要下雨,结果却是一个好天气。 Though it looked like rain this morning, it has turned out to be a fine day.
  31.为了保全“面子”,他被迫买下了他实在买不起的东西。 To save his “honor” he was forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford.
  32.这蛋糕味不错,很适合我的口味。 The cake is delicious and very much to my taste.
  33.您能帮个忙替我拿箱子吗? Would you like to do me a favor by carrying the box for me?
  34.这个老人家道败落,只好搬到一个小镇上。 The old man came down in the world and had to move to a small town.
  35.毫无疑问,你是错把我当成我妹妹了。 Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for my younger sister.
  36.我怀疑他会利用这个机会,把书从图书馆带出来。 I suspect that he will take advantage of this chance and take the books out of the library.
  37.山区的人们甚至没听说过火车。 People in the mountain areas have not even heard of trains.
  38.不要打断老师,下课再问问题。 Don’t interrupt your teacher. Ask her questions after class.
  39.他急切地想见到他的母亲。 He is eager to see his mother.
  40. 无论多冷,那个小孩总是在六点半把报纸给我们送来。 However cold it is, the little boy will deliver the newspaper to us at 6:
  00.
  41. 警察不仅没有把他关进监狱,反而把他释放了。 The police let the man off instead of putting him to prison.
  42. 一个科学家要跟上本领域的新发展,你认为必须做些什么? What do you think a scientist do in order to keep up with the latest developments in his fields?
  43. 只要我们常常锻炼大脑,我们就回保持头脑敏捷。 As long as we often exercise our brains, we’ll keep mentally active.
  44. 和世界上其他地方比起来,那里的生活水准很高。 Compared with the rest of the world, the standard of living there is very high.
  45. 他们不愿意卷入那场罢工中去。 They are not ready to be involved in the strike.

  46. 他回忆道,当房屋坍塌时,他们一家都沉浸在足球赛中。 He recalled that when the building collapsed, his family were all completely caught up in a football game.
  47. 毕业后,他将接管他父亲的事业。 He will take over his father’s business after graduation.
  48. 老教授一动不动地坐在位子上,兴致勃勃地看着书。 The old professor sat rooted in his seat, reading the book with great interest.
  49. 那位化学家真了不起,他在这么短的时间里做出了那么多发现。 That chemist is really something. He has made so many discoveries in such a short time.
  50. 我到处找我的表,但找不到。它好象消失得无影无踪。 I had looked all over for my watch, but couldn’t find it. It seemed to have vanished.
  51.史密斯太太对我抱怨说,她经常发现与自己十六岁的女儿简直无法沟通。 Mrs. Smith complained to me that she often found it simply impossible to communicate with her 16-year-old daughter.
  52.我坚信,阅读简写的英文小说是扩大我们词汇量的一种轻松愉快的方法。 I firmly believe that reading simplified English novels is an easy and enjoyable way of enlarging our vocabulary.
  53.我认为我们在保护环境不受污染方面还做得不够。 I don't think we're doing enough to protect our environment from pollution.
  54.除了每周写作文外,我们的英语老师还给我们布置了八本书在暑假里阅读。 In addition to / Apart from writing compositions on a weekly basis, our English teacher assigned us eight books to read during the summer vacation.
  55. 我们从可靠的消息来源获悉下学期一位以英语为母语的人将要教我们英语口 语。 We've learned from reliable sources that a native English speaker is going to teach us spoken English next term / semester.
  56.经常看英语电影不仅会提高你的听力,而且还会帮助你培养说的技能。 Seeing English movies on a regular basis will not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills.
  57. 如果你们对这些学习策略有什么问题, 请随便问我。 我将更洋细地进行讲解。 If you have any questions about these learning strategies, please feel free to ask me. And I'll explain them in greater detail.
  58.那个加拿大女孩善于抓住每个机会讲汉语。这就是她为什么三年不到就熟练 地掌握了汉语口语的原因。 The Canadian girl is good at seizing every opportunity to speak Chinese. That's why she has gained a good command of spoken Chinese in less than three years.
  59.简从书架上拿了一本杂志,开始东一页西一页地随便翻阅。 Jane picked up a magazine from the bookshelf and started reading here and there at random.
  60. With this letter ! enclose some illustrations for the story.

  61.那幢古老的建筑物四周有一圈高墙。 The ancient building was enclosed by a high wall.
  62.格林大夫忙着研制一种治艾滋病(AIDS)的药物,但从下月起他就能安排时间 在星期一上午看二十个左右的病人了。 Dr. Green is busy working on a cure for AIDS, but from next month on he'll be able to fit in twenty patients or so on Monday morning.
  63. 他讲了个故事来说明为什么在详细查看其条款
 

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