一项要点是,不做计划的休闲时间能使人 更加放松。在工作日,我们必须都很准时,且要面临最后期限的压力。有些人希望空闲时间能尽可能和工作 时有所不同。 虽然规划或不规划休闲时间都各有好处,但我还是比较喜欢规划我的休闲活动。我的空闲时间有限,因 此要尽量善加利用。事先做好规划,我就能参加想要参加的活动,见我想要见的人。而且假如计划因非预期 的情况而有所改变时,我还可以采用另一个替代方案。

  5. Learning by Doing
Learning is an essential part of growing, and there are many ways in which we can learn. We can learn from our parents, from our teachers in school and from our friends. In addition to learning by listening to others, we can also learn by reading or by doing things for ourselves. All of these learning methods have their advantages, but the one that is most effective for me is to learn by doing. One reason I prefer to learn by doing things is because I believe that experience is the best teacher. Knowledge that I gain through experience is the knowledge that I remember best. A second reason is that practical knowledge is often more useful than theoretical knowledge when dealing with problems in everyday life. Third, I can learn from the process itself. Even when I make mistakes, I can learn something from them. Finally, learning by doing allows me to make my own discoveries and, in this way, I not only have a more meaningful learning experience, but often learn things I never expected.
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In conclusion, learning through experience is the best method for me because I can acquire practical knowledge and remember my lessons well. In addition, the knowledge I gain is not only meaningful, but also wider than that I can get from other learning methods. Therefore, I will continue to try to learn as much as possible by doing things myself. 参考译文: 参考译文: 从做中学 学习是成长中非常重要的一部分,而学习的方法有很多。我们可以向父母、学校的老师和我们的朋友学 习。除了让别人来教导我们之外,我们还能看书,或边做边学。这些学习方法都有优点,但对我而言,最有 效的方法是从做中学。 我比较喜欢从做中学的其中一个理由是,我认为经验是最好的老师,从经验中所学到的知识,我记得最 牢。第二个理由是,在日常生活中处理问题时,实际的知识比理论更有用。第三,我还能从过程中学习,即 使犯错,我还是可以学到一些东西。最后,从做中学能让我自己发现新的事物。如此一来,我不仅能拥有更 具意义的学习经验,而且还能学到一些意想不到的东西。 总之,从经验中学习对我而言是最适合的。因为我能获得实用的知识,而且会牢记所学到的教训。此外, 我所获得的知识不仅有意义,而且其范围比我用其他方法所学到的还广泛。因此,我会尽可能地从做中学。

  6. The Influence of Clothes
Most people wear different types of clothing for different occasions. They may wear a uniform to school or work, a formal suit to a party, and sportswear on the weekends. Does what people wear affect their behavior? I believe it does, as can be illustrated by the following examples. First of all, more formal clothing reminds us that we must behave in a polite and formal way. When we wear a business suit, we may think about our actions more seriously. We not only command more respect, but also give it. The example of “casual Fridays” at many companies shows us that more informal clothing can make us behave more informally as well. This practice encourages employees to relax at the office and express themselves more. In addition, when we attend a formal social occasion, such as a wedding, our special clothing makes the event seem more special. We are certain to behave in a more polite manner. Finally, wearing a costume allows us to behave in a completely different manner. We may take on the persona of the character we are dressed as, or just let ourselves go while we are “someone else”. Given the above examples, I think it is clear that our clothing influences the way that we behave. This may be because of the way we feel in the clothing itself, or because of the way our clothing leads others to treat us. Whatever the reason, there is no doubt that we feel more comfortable when appropriately dressed for the occasion. 参考译文: 参考译文: 服装的影响力 大部分的人在不同的场合会穿不同类型的衣服。他们可能会穿着制服去上学或上班,穿着正式的套装去 参加宴会,周末时则穿运动服。穿着会影响人的行为吗?我想会的,下列的例子就可说明这一点。 首先,较正式的服装提醒我们行为举止必须合乎礼仪。当我们穿着西装上班时,我们可能会更谨慎思考 自己的行为。我们不但能赢得别人的尊敬,也尊重别人。很多公司“星期五穿休闲服”的做法表明,不正式
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的服装会让我们的行为变得不正式。这样的做法能鼓励员工在办公室内放轻松,更能表现出自我的风格。此 外,当我们参加正式的社交场合,比如婚礼时,我们特别的服装能让婚礼显得更特别,我们的行为举止也一 定会表现得更有礼貌。最后,服装穿着会让我们的行为举止完全不一样。我们可能会表现出符合我们穿着打 扮的角色的个性,或是通过扮演“别人”来释放自己。 基于上面的这些例子,我认为,穿着会影响我们的行为,这是显而易见的。这可能是因为穿着本身带给 我们的感受,或是因为我们的穿着会引导别人如何对待我们。不论理由为何,穿着适合某种场合的服装无疑 会让我们觉得比较舒服自在。

  7. Quick Decisions
Everyone must make many decisions every day of his life. They range from the trivial ? tea or coffee for breakfast ? to issues of life-changing importance, such as who to marry. Some people make decisions quickly, while others take as much time as possible to consider all their options. They tend to think that quick decisions are always wrong, but I disagree with this opinion. As a matter of fact, quick decisions are sometimes the best ones. When faced with a difficult choice, it is often our first instinct that is the best. This is why people are sometimes told to “go with your gut”. Moreover, when we think too long about a decision we may become confused. And if we worry too much we may become so anxious that we are unable to make any decision at all. Last but not least, some decisions are simply too trivial to spend any time worrying about. When the consequences of making the “wrong” decision are slight, whether our decision is right or wrong is irrelevant. For all of these reasons, I cannot agree with the statement that quick decisions are always wrong. Long consideration does not guarantee that the choice we make will be the right one, and sometimes too much deliberation can even lead us astray. Therefore, I believe it is all right to make a quick decision now and then, for it cannot always be wrong. 参考译文: 参考译文: 仓促的决定 每个人在一生当中,每天都要做很多决定。这些决定包括从一些琐事??如早餐要喝茶还是咖啡??到 可以改变一生的重要问题,例如和谁结婚。有些人匆匆做决定,而有些人则尽可能多花时间考虑他们所有的 选择。这些人认为,仓促决定一定出错,但我不同意这种看法。 事实上,仓促决定有时候是最好的。当我们面对困难的抉择时,我们的第一知觉经常是最好的。这就是 为什么别人会劝我们“跟着你的感觉走” 。此外,当考虑一个决定太久时,我们就有可能会变得很困惑。而 且如果太担心,我们可能就会变得很焦虑而完全无法做出任何决定。最后一项要点是,有些决定太琐碎了, 根本不需要花费太多时间去担心。当做出“错误”决定的后果很微不足道时,无论我们的决定是对还是错, 都无所谓。 基于以上种种理由,我不同意仓促决定一定是错的这样的说法。长时间的考虑并不能保证我们所做的选 择一定是正确的,而且有时候过于深思熟虑会使我们迷失方向。因此,我认为偶尔仓促决定没什么关系,因 为它不一定是错的。

  8. People Are Never Satisfied
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No matter how much we have, it seems that there is always something more to strive for. It is a rare person who is truly content with his life just as it is. However, I believe that a certain amount of dissatisfaction is a natural part of human nature and is actually beneficial to mankind. After all, it is dissatisfaction with the way things are that pushes us to improve. In my opinion, people will always want something more or something different than what they have. Take Edison for example. He was not satisfied with the knowledge he gained from the books and teachers of his time. He still had many questions to which he could not find satisfactory answers. This dissatisfaction led him to make many important discoveries and they, in turn, contributed greatly to the advancement of mankind. There are many other examples like Edison throughout history. In addition, people are competitive. They like to keep up with others, so when one person acquires something desirable, those who know him will want to do the same. Furthermore, people like to express themselves and differentiate themselves from others. This leads people to strike out on their own in some way and do or invent something new, which in turn leads to a new fad for the others to follow. For all of the above reasons, I believe that people will never be truly satisfied with what they have. They will always be striving for something new or better, and it is this process that leads to progress. In the end, some dissatisfaction can be good for us. 参考译文: 参考译文: 人是永远不会满足的 不论我们已经拥有了多少,我们似乎总是努力想追求更多的东西。很少有人会真的对其生活现状感到满 意。然而,我认为某种程度的不满足是人之常情,而且实际上对人们有益。毕竟,对事物现状的不满是驱使 人类进步的原动力。依我之见,人们总是想要拥有更多,或想拥有不一样的事物。 以爱迪生为例,他从不满足于他当时从书本和老师身上所得到的知识。他一直有很多问题没有找到令他 满意的答案。这样的不满足感促使他有了很多重大的发现,进而对人类的进步贡献良多。纵观历史,有很多 像爱迪生这样的例子。此外,人类会互相竞争,人们喜欢跟别人并驾齐驱。所以有人得到某个令人渴望的东 西时,认识他的人也会想要得到。而且,人们还喜欢表现自我,让自己跟别人有所不同。这使人们自发性地 去做某些事情,或发明某种新奇的事物,进而创造引领他人跟随的新风潮。 基于以上理由,我认为人们永远不会真的对现状感到满足。人们永远都会努力追求更新或更好的事物, 而这样的过程能促使我们进步。对我们而言,某种程度的不满足终究也算是好事。

  9. The Importance of Science and Mathematics
A classical education often emphasizes the importance of history and literature. There is no doubt that these are important subjects for all students to study; however, I do not believe that they are any more important than science and mathematics are today. Ideally, a student would receive a well-rounded education in which all of these subjects play an important part. Therefore, I cannot agree with the statement that literature and history are more important than science and mathematics. In fact, it can be argued that science and mathematics are becoming increasingly important. In today’s society, technological advances occur rapidly and are usually the result of developments in the fields of science and mathematics. If they do not study these two subjects, students will not be able to contribute to the further development of technology. Furthermore, technological advances affect everyone’s life. Without a basic understanding of math and science, it is difficult for people to take full advantage of new products and tools. So no
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matter what one’s field, it is important to study these two subjects. In my opinion, all subjects can contribute to a good education. No matter what one’s interests or future career, it is best to gain some basic knowledge in as many areas as possible. And finally, given the rapid pace of technological advances in our society, the study of science and mathematics is essential. 参考译文: 参考译文: 科学和数学的重要性 传统教育通常会强调历史和文学的重要性。这些科目无疑非常重要,所有的学生都应该学习。然而我认 为,它们在今日并不如科学和数学重要。就理想的情况而言,学生应该接受通才教育,因为所有的科目都扮 演着重要的角色。因此,我并不同意文学和历史比科学和数学重要的说法。 事实上,我们可以说,科学和数学
 

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