作文写作技巧 一, 我们从评分标准上可以看到,只要你做到内容切题,文字连贯,文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯,然后条理 文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯, 文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯 清楚, 清楚,只要达到这三点,我们说及格分应当是没有问题的. 如何能达到内容切题?内容切题主要包括主题句的切题 主题句的切题,我们知道四,六级的作文一般是三段式,其实写作文没有必要那么 主题句的切题 长,写 12 句话就可以了,这就我们归纳叫 12 句作文.. , 首先每一段的主题句要切题,在三段当中每一段主题句都要切题.那么主题句怎样保证切题?比如:一,大学生了解社会的 重要性;二,大学生了解社会的途径;三,你是怎样了解社会的.就这么三段,他给你出的是汉语,我们建议就直接把汉语叫编 译成主题句,有的时候不需要编译就可以直接译成主题句,把汉语译成英文,或者编译成英文就可以了.所以保证主题句首先不 跑题,这是主要内容切题的问题. 第二个大点我们叫条理清楚,怎样保证条理清楚(要有框架意识) .需要这三段,每一段当中四句话它的布局应该是怎样布 局,拿刚才来说,大学生了解社会的重要性这一段,首先在审题的时候知道它是议论段,写四句话,第一句主题句,第二句从正 的方面论,论大学生了解社会的重要性.第三句话从反的方面论述,大学生了解社会如何重要.第四句话一结论,结论句,所以 我们大学生一定要了解社会.那么现在第二段,大学生了解社会的途径,审题的时候这是一个说明段,因为说它有几种方法,相 当于说明书一样,几种途径,也写四句话,第一句主题句,把大学生了解社会的主题句译成英文就行了.第二句从第一个方面说, 我们了解社会途径一.第三是途径二,第四句话是途径三.下面第三段我是怎样了解社会,主题句可以这样写,我通过以下方式 来了解社会的,主题句,这是第一句.第二句我的方法一,我通过读报纸来去了解社会,第三句话,我还通过听收音机,看电视 来去了解社会,第四句话,我还可以去找一个兼职工作来去了解社会,这四句话就完了,这样 12 句话就非常的清楚,达到了内 容切题,达到的条理清楚.所以说这样一来,及格分应当问题不大的. 四六级写作中使用率最高的基本句式
以下是短文写作中使用率最高,覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根据自己的情况 选择其中的 1-2 个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用.

  1.表示原因 .
  1)There are three reasons for this.
  2)The reasons for this are as follows.
  3)The reason for this is obvious.
  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.
  5)The reason for this is that.. .
  6)We have good reason to believe that.. . 例如:There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people's living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly, most people are well paid, they can afford what they need or like. and Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.
注: 如写第一个句子没有把握, 可将其改写成两个句子. 如: Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误.

  2.表示好处 .
  1)It has the following advantages.
  2)It does us a lot of good.
  3)It benefits us quite a lot.
  4)It is beneficial to us.
  5)It is of great benefit to us.
例如:Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  3.表示坏处 .
1

  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
  2)It does us much harm.
  3)It is harmful to us. 例如:However,everything divides into two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.
  4.表示重要,必要,困难,方便,可能
  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient,possible)for sb.to do sth.
  2)We think it necessary to do sth.
  3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如:Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon,computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.
  5.表示措施
  1)We should take some effective measures.
  2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.
  3)We should do our utmost(竭力,竭尽所能) to do sth.
  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例如:The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.
  6.表示变化
  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
  2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world's communications.
  3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如:Some changes have taken place in people's diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.
  7.表示事实,现状
  1)We cannot ignore the fact that.. .
  2)No one can deny the fact that.. .
  3)There is no denying the fact that.. .
  4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.
  5)However,that's not the case. 例如:We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems,we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.
  8.表示比较
  1)Compared with A,B.. .
  2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
  3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例如: Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly, they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people's health by giving them due physical exercise.
  9.表示数量
  1)It has increased(decreased)from..to.. . .
  2)The population in this city has now increased(decreased)to 800,0
  00.
  3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15%compared with that of January.
2
例如: With the improvement of the living standard, proportion of people's income spent on food has decreased while that spent on the education has increased. 再如: From the graph listed above, can be seen that students' use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours it per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 20
  00.
  10.表示看法
  1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.
  2)People have different opinions on this problem.
  3)People take different views of(on)the question.
  4)Some people believe that..Others argue that.. . . 例如:People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如:Do lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,应掌握这一写作方法. 一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,应掌握这一写作方法.
  11.表示结论
  1)In short,it can be said that.. .
  2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.
  3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that.. . 例如:From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however,its method should be improved. 注:例句 1 可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句 3 则多用文章结论段 结论段的第一句. 结论段
  12.套语
  1)It's well known to us that.. .
  2)As is known to us,. ..
  3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.
  4)From the graph(图表,坐标图,曲线图)(table,pie chart: 饼图)listed above,it can be seen that.. .
  5)As a proverb says,"there is a will,there is a way. 例如:As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. The reason for this is obvious. Nowadays, society is changing and developing rapidly, the campus is no longer an"ivory tower. the and As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate. 再如:Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it 归纳: 归纳: 一,开头句型
  1.As far as ...is concerned
  2.It goes without saying that...
  3.It can be said with certainty that...
  4.As the proverb says
  5.It has to be noticed that...
  6.It`s generally recognized that...
  7.It`s likely that
  8.It`s hardly that... It`s hardly too much to say that... What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
3
There`s no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认 Nothing is more important than the fact that... 二,衔接句型 As is often the case... As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述 But the problem is not so simple. Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以…… But it`s a pity that... For all that...In spite of the fact that... Further, we hold opinion that... However , the difficulty lies in... Similarly, we should pay attention to... not(that)...but(that)...不是,而是 In view of the present situation.鉴于目前形势 As has been mentioned above... In this respect, we many as well (say)从这个角度上我们可以说 However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 三,结尾句型 I will conclude by saying... Therefore, we have the reason to believe that... All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that... Therefore, in my opinion, it`s more advisable... It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论 From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好 四.万能句型 Let`s take...to illustrate this.试举例以兹证明 eg:let`s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this. It`s remains to be further studied... There`s question is how... 正反观点对比题目 第一段一般只写三句! 第一句:It is widely believed that by many people for some time that ... 第二句:One reason they think is that... 第三句:The other reason they hold is that... 第二段一般只写三句! 第一句:While others argue that ... 第二句:They maintain that... 第三句:They also claim that... 第三段写四句! 第一句:From what has been discussed above, we may come to the conclusion that ... 第二句:On the one hand, ... 第三句:On the other hand, ... 第四句:Only in this way can we ...
  1. 对立观点式
4
A.有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X, 为什么? B. 有人认为 X 是坏事, 反对 X,为什么? C.我的看法. Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持 X 的第一个原因. They also argue that 支持 X 的 另一个原因. However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理 由. An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子. There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处.
  2. 批驳观点式: A.一个错误观点. B. 我不同意. Many people argue that 错误观点. saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释. example they have presented is that 一 By An 个例子. (According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影 响) . There might be some element of truth in these people's belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点.There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法). 图表作文 第一段只写三句: 第一句:As is shown in the graph above, we can see clearly that great changes have taken place in … from… to … 第二句:The first … years saw… 第三句:The last … years witnessed … 第二段只写四句: 第一句:What has caused this problem? It seems to me that there are reasons. 第二句:Firstly, … 第三句:Secondly,… 第四句:Finally,… 第三段只写四句: 第一句:How to solve the problem has become a hot issue among many people. 第二句:For one thing, … 第三句:For another, … 第四句:Only in this way can we successfully solve the problem. 例如:2003 第三季度中国/全球手机销量: 销售量 同比增长 中国 1849 万台
  22.79% 全球
  1.328 亿台 22%
  1.描述该表格
  2.分析原因
  3.预测未来的发展趋势及对个人与社会的影响 The dawn of this new century witnessed the popularization of mobile phones. Purchases of mobile phones s
 

相关内容

英语写作

   English Writing 中考专题复习 书面表达 by Shen Aihong 中考考什么 2005--2010年河北省中考书面表达 2005--2010年河北省中考书面表达 --2010 试题 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 测试形式 中文提示 英文提示 英文提示 英文提示 英文提示 所属文体及内容 书信: 书信: 介绍新同学和近期活动 说明文: 说明文: 帮助同学学习生活 说明文: 说明文:怎样成为好孩子 说明文: 说明文:上学交通设施 说明文: 说明文:怎样上好 ...

英语写作

   英语写作 浙江师范大学外国语学院 English Writing Fu Anquan Foreign Languages Colleges Zhejiang Normal University 英语写作教学大纲 一,课程性质,目的和对象 英语写作基础是英语专业的一门理论与 实践相结合的课程.目的是培养学生逻 辑思维的能力,养成严谨,规范的英语 写写作习惯,不断提高写作水平,为今 后进一步学习英语打下较为坚实的基础. 其对象是英语专业二年级学生. 二,本课程考查的能力,层次与要求 1,识记能力 ...

英语写作

   恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com 同学们也许认为英语写作十分难.要么拿到题目,自己无从下手;要么自己洋洋洒 洒下笔千言,却没有几句是正确的.其实,掌握具体技巧,经过一定时间训练,英语写 作是可以征服的. 1. 扎实基本句型的训练 写文章以句子为开始,因此我们要学会用句子来表意,大量练习写句子.英语有五 种基本句型:(1)主+谓;(2)主+谓+宾语; (3)主+系动词+表语;(4)主+谓+间接宾语+直接宾语;(5)主+谓+宾语+宾补. 当然还有许多常用句型,如 There ...

英语写作

   2010 年英语四级翻译复习与应试 翻译是一门艺术, 同时又是一种实践。 它是对英语综合能力的考查, 没有一定的英语基本功, 翻译是一门艺术 同时又是一种实践。 它是对英语综合能力的考查, 没有一定的英语基本功, 要想在这部分得到高的分数是不可能的。但是,具有了一定的英语基础, 要想在这部分得到高的分数是不可能的。但是,具有了一定的英语基础,并不等于具有较 高的翻译能力。因此在学习和复习时掌握一些翻译的基本常识和一些常用方法,针对考试中 高的翻译能力。因此在学习和复习时掌握一些翻译的基本常识 ...

英语写作

   作文写作技巧 一, 我们从评分标准上可以看到,只要你做到内容切题,文字连贯,文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯,然后条理 文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯, 文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯 清楚, 清楚,只要达到这三点,我们说及格分应当是没有问题的. 如何能达到内容切题?内容切题主要包括主题句的切题 主题句的切题,我们知道四,六级的作文一般是三段式,其实写作文没有必要那么 主题句的切题 长,写 12 句话就可以了,这就我们归纳叫 12 句作文.. , 首先每一段的主题 ...

英语写作

   假设你是李红,你的一位美国笔友 假设你是李红,你的一位美国笔友Robert写E-mail 写 问及你高考后暑假的安排,请根据以下要点, 问及你高考后暑假的安排,请根据以下要点,写一 词左右的email回复他 可以适当增加细节。 回复他, 封100词左右的 词左右的 回复他 可以适当增加细节。 1. 学开车 2. 参加英语培训课程 3. 去北京看奥 运会 4. 游览北京的名胜 注意: 根据以上内容写一篇短文 根据以上内容写一篇短文, 注意:1.根据以上内容写一篇短文,不要逐句 翻译,可适当增加 ...

英语写作宝典

   英语写作宝典 在莱曼英语所倡导的五种英语语言能力中, 写作被认为是必修的重要课题之一。 它既是英语 学习短期目标??考试所要求的内容之一; 又是英语学习的长期目标??交流所必需的能力 之一。毋庸置疑,英语写作是集基础知识,基本能力和课外信息于一身的综合体现,同时, 又要兼顾到写作者高超的写作技巧。 因而, 没有扎实的英语语法知识; 没有长期不懈的训练; 没有科学的方法指导; 没有广博的课本以外的知识和信息, 写好一篇优秀的英语作文是非常 困难的。 要知道, 英语写作对于培养一个人的英语思维方 ...

英语写作技巧

   初中英语写作技巧 书面表达,首先要抓住所给的提示,然后运用所学词汇、语法及句型,避繁就简,简明 表达要讲的内容。 那么,如何才能做好英语写作题呢?这里介绍五个要诀以供参考。 1. 紧扣中心; 2. 意思连贯; 3. 富于变化; 4. 注意时态; 5. 不“生造”句子。 书面表达是一项能够充分考查学生语言综合运用能力的题型, 一般来说, 书面表达采取 情景作文和控制作文两种形式。情景作文多为看图填词、看图写话、看图作文等形式,后者 指根据所给条件进行写作的形式。 以上两种书面表达形式,都不同于 ...

博士英语写作

   博士英语 加油! 1 总的原则和规律 一般来说博士的英语作文一般都是给 阐述或陈述问题的 文章写摘要,如“吃早餐有利于身体健康”“吸烟有害健康” 、 、 “中国大学生越来越能接受心理咨询” 、或“医疗体制的现状” 等等这样文章,可使用以下的模版: 陈述问题型文章,分三种类型: 一、 正面陈述问题 “吃早餐有利于身体健康”就是只从正面陈述问题; 二、 负面陈述问题 如“吸烟有害健康”这样的文章,就是一般只说明吸烟是 有害的,只说负面影响。 三、客观的陈述问题(正负面都有的) 如“医疗体制的现状 ...

疯狂英语写作

   高考必背疯狂英语成功之路13篇.迅速提高写作 成功之路第一篇:暑假打工 文体:记叙文 【题目要求】 暑假过后,你的外籍教师要同学们汇报自己假期所从事的社会活动和自己的感想。请写一书面材料交给外教: 你在2005年暑假到一家肯德基(KFC)快餐店做保洁员(cleaner)工作,你每天工作7个小时,为期3周,这项工作辛苦且枯燥,并使你感到非常的疲惫,这几乎使你半途放弃。 在新学期开始之前,你终于坚持完成了这项工作,并且认识到了劳动(labor)的意义,你认为这是一次成功的体验。 注意: 1.必须用 ...

热门内容

浅谈我的英语四级复习经验

   浅谈我的英语"四级"复习经验 谈我的英语"四级" 英语 环境系 2003 级环境科学专业 冯硕 英语"四级"的复习是一个较长期的学习过程,需要一个一个阶段连接起来 和一环扣一环地进行,需要安排好从背单词到做阅读和准备作文的时间,需要制 定每个月的学习计划和目标并随时检查, 如果没有完成则需要提高复习的速度和 强度. 通过我两次参加英语"四级"考试的亲身体会,我认为,要想在考试中取得 好成绩,应在复习中抓好以下几个 ...

高考英语冲刺复习主攻答题技巧规范解题思路

   高考英语冲刺复习主攻答题技巧规范解 题思路 随着 2011 年的高考日益临近,英语复习已经进入最后冲刺阶段,这不仅是 查缺补漏的过程,也是丰富语言使用经验、增强语感、使英语能力上升到一个新 水平的过程,更是提高综合分析、观察判断等思维能力、改进应试能力的过程。 那么,怎样利用最后的近 30 天时间来提高自身的英语能力和成绩呢? 调整心态,树立信心 在最后二十多天的冲刺阶段, 绝大多数考生,经过漫长的高三阶段的复习后 身心疲惫,再加上一次次的模考,难免出现情绪低落。此时正是对一个人意志的 考验 ...

高中英语重点句型及考点归纳

   高中英语重点句型归纳 1 1. There is no point in doing sth. There is no point (in) doing sth.表示“做某事没有作用或没有意义”, point 为不可数名词。如: There is no point in arguing further. 继续争执下去没有意义了。 There seems to be no point in protesting. It won’t help much. 抗议好象没有什么用处,于事无补。 2. ...

2011年北京市政工中级职称 英语 考试复习题

   2011 年北京市政工职称英语考试(中级)复习题 第一部分 听力理解 (一)听下面的对话,对话后有若干个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项。 1. What is the relationship between the speakers? [A] They are good friends. [B] They are operator and caller. [C] They are brother and sister. 2. What does the man w ...

2010年全国大学生英语竞赛C类初赛、决赛真题及答案汇总集(原创)

   2010 初赛、决赛真题及答案汇总集(原创) 年全国大学生英语竞赛 C 类初赛、决赛真题及答案汇总集(原创) 2008 年全国大学生英语竞赛样题(C 级) Part IListening Comprehension (25 minutes, 30 marks) Section A(5 marks) Directions: In this section, you will hear 5 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, ...