作文写作技巧 一, 我们从评分标准上可以看到,只要你做到内容切题,文字连贯,文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯,然后条理 文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯, 文字连贯主要指的句子和句子之间是不是连贯 清楚, 清楚,只要达到这三点,我们说及格分应当是没有问题的. 如何能达到内容切题?内容切题主要包括主题句的切题 主题句的切题,我们知道四,六级的作文一般是三段式,其实写作文没有必要那么 主题句的切题 长,写 12 句话就可以了,这就我们归纳叫 12 句作文.. , 首先每一段的主题句要切题,在三段当中每一段主题句都要切题.那么主题句怎样保证切题?比如:一,大学生了解社会的 重要性;二,大学生了解社会的途径;三,你是怎样了解社会的.就这么三段,他给你出的是汉语,我们建议就直接把汉语叫编 译成主题句,有的时候不需要编译就可以直接译成主题句,把汉语译成英文,或者编译成英文就可以了.所以保证主题句首先不 跑题,这是主要内容切题的问题. 第二个大点我们叫条理清楚,怎样保证条理清楚(要有框架意识) .需要这三段,每一段当中四句话它的布局应该是怎样布 局,拿刚才来说,大学生了解社会的重要性这一段,首先在审题的时候知道它是议论段,写四句话,第一句主题句,第二句从正 的方面论,论大学生了解社会的重要性.第三句话从反的方面论述,大学生了解社会如何重要.第四句话一结论,结论句,所以 我们大学生一定要了解社会.那么现在第二段,大学生了解社会的途径,审题的时候这是一个说明段,因为说它有几种方法,相 当于说明书一样,几种途径,也写四句话,第一句主题句,把大学生了解社会的主题句译成英文就行了.第二句从第一个方面说, 我们了解社会途径一.第三是途径二,第四句话是途径三.下面第三段我是怎样了解社会,主题句可以这样写,我通过以下方式 来了解社会的,主题句,这是第一句.第二句我的方法一,我通过读报纸来去了解社会,第三句话,我还通过听收音机,看电视 来去了解社会,第四句话,我还可以去找一个兼职工作来去了解社会,这四句话就完了,这样 12 句话就非常的清楚,达到了内 容切题,达到的条理清楚.所以说这样一来,及格分应当问题不大的. 四六级写作中使用率最高的基本句式
以下是短文写作中使用率最高,覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根据自己的情况 选择其中的 1-2 个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用.

  1.表示原因 .
  1)There are three reasons for this.
  2)The reasons for this are as follows.
  3)The reason for this is obvious.
  4)The reason for this is not far to seek.
  5)The reason for this is that.. .
  6)We have good reason to believe that.. . 例如:There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people's living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly, most people are well paid, they can afford what they need or like. and Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.
注: 如写第一个句子没有把握, 可将其改写成两个句子. 如: Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误.

  2.表示好处 .
  1)It has the following advantages.
  2)It does us a lot of good.
  3)It benefits us quite a lot.
  4)It is beneficial to us.
  5)It is of great benefit to us.
例如:Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  3.表示坏处 .
1

  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
  2)It does us much harm.
  3)It is harmful to us. 例如:However,everything divides into two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.
  4.表示重要,必要,困难,方便,可能
  1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient,possible)for sb.to do sth.
  2)We think it necessary to do sth.
  3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如:Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon,computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.
  5.表示措施
  1)We should take some effective measures.
  2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.
  3)We should do our utmost(竭力,竭尽所能) to do sth.
  4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例如:The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.
  6.表示变化
  1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
  2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world's communications.
  3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如:Some changes have taken place in people's diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.
  7.表示事实,现状
  1)We cannot ignore the fact that.. .
  2)No one can deny the fact that.. .
  3)There is no denying the fact that.. .
  4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.
  5)However,that's not the case. 例如:We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems,we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.
  8.表示比较
  1)Compared with A,B.. .
  2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
  3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例如: Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly, they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people's health by giving them due physical exercise.
  9.表示数量
  1)It has increased(decreased)from..to.. . .
  2)The population in this city has now increased(decreased)to 800,0
  00.
  3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15%compared with that of January.
2
例如: With the improvement of the living standard, proportion of people's income spent on food has decreased while that spent on the education has increased. 再如: From the graph listed above, can be seen that students' use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours it per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 20
  00.
  10.表示看法
  1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.
  2)People have different opinions on this problem.
  3)People take different views of(on)the question.
  4)Some people believe that..Others argue that.. . . 例如:People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如:Do lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it. 注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,应掌握这一写作方法. 一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,应掌握这一写作方法.
  11.表示结论
  1)In short,it can be said that.. .
  2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.
  3)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that.. . 例如:From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however,its method should be improved. 注:例句 1 可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句 3 则多用文章结论段 结论段的第一句. 结论段
  12.套语
  1)It's well known to us that.. .
  2)As is known to us,. ..
  3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.
  4)From the graph(图表,坐标图,曲线图)(table,pie chart: 饼图)listed above,it can be seen that.. .
  5)As a proverb says,"there is a will,there is a way. 例如:As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus. The reason for this is obvious. Nowadays, society is changing and developing rapidly, the campus is no longer an"ivory tower. the and As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate. 再如:Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it 归纳: 归纳: 一,开头句型
  1.As far as ...is concerned
  2.It goes without saying that...
  3.It can be said with certainty that...
  4.As the proverb says
  5.It has to be noticed that...
  6.It`s generally recognized that...
  7.It`s likely that
  8.It`s hardly that... It`s hardly too much to say that... What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
3
There`s no denying the fact that...毫无疑问,无可否认 Nothing is more important than the fact that... 二,衔接句型 As is often the case... As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述 But the problem is not so simple. Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以…… But it`s a pity that... For all that...In spite of the fact that... Further, we hold opinion that... However , the difficulty lies in... Similarly, we should pay attention to... not(that)...but(that)...不是,而是 In view of the present situation.鉴于目前形势 As has been mentioned above... In this respect, we many as well (say)从这个角度上我们可以说 However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面,即 三,结尾句型 I will conclude by saying... Therefore, we have the reason to believe that... All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that... Therefore, in my opinion, it`s more advisable... It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论 From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好 四.万能句型 Let`s take...to illustrate this.试举例以兹证明 eg:let`s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this. It`s remains to be further studied... There`s question is how... 正反观点对比题目 第一段一般只写三句! 第一句:It is widely believed that by many people for some time that ... 第二句:One reason they think is that... 第三句:The other reason they hold is that... 第二段一般只写三句! 第一句:While others argue that ... 第二句:They maintain that... 第三句:They also claim that... 第三段写四句! 第一句:From what has been discussed above, we may come to the conclusion that ... 第二句:On the one hand, ... 第三句:On the other hand, ... 第四句:Only in this way can we ...
  1. 对立观点式
4
A.有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X, 为什么? B. 有人认为 X 是坏事, 反对 X,为什么? C.我的看法. Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持 X 的第一个原因. They also argue that 支持 X 的 另一个原因. However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理 由. An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子. There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处.
  2. 批驳观点式: A.一个错误观点. B. 我不同意. Many people argue that 错误观点. saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释. example they have presented is that 一 By An 个例子. (According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影 响) . There might be some element of truth in these people's belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点.There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法). 图表作文 第一段只写三句: 第一句:As is shown in the graph above, we can see clearly that great changes have taken place in … from… to … 第二句:The first … years saw… 第三句:The last … years witnessed … 第二段只写四句: 第一句:What has caused this problem? It seems to me that there are reasons. 第二句:Firstly, … 第三句:Secondly,… 第四句:Finally,… 第三段只写四句: 第一句:How to solve the problem has become a hot issue among many people. 第二句:For one thing, … 第三句:For another, … 第四句:Only in this way can we successfully solve the problem. 例如:2003 第三季度中国/全球手机销量: 销售量 同比增长 中国 1849 万台
  22.79% 全球
  1.328 亿台 22%
  1.描述该表格
  2.分析原因
  3.预测未来的发展趋势及对个人与社会的影响 The dawn of this new century witnessed the popularization of mobile phones. Purchases of mobile phones s
 

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