一、开头段句式
  1. When it comes to the topic “…”, everyone flies his own colors, / each sticks to his own view, some people hold that…, more others argue/ claim that the opposite is true. There is probably some truth in both statements, but in my view, … 当谈论到这个话题时候,人们各抒己见,有点人认为,更多的人主张其反 面也是对的,双方的观点听起来好像都有道理,但依本人之所见,我认为。

  2. Recently the issue of …. has been in the limelight/ brought into focus/ posed among the general public. Nothing/ no idea is more foolish than … which is commonly held by A, Maybe we should rethink/ reexamine/ have a fresh look at the idea/ its value. 近来…已是社会上谈论的一个焦点问题,其实对这个问题,没有那个观点比 A 主张的 观点…更愚蠢。现在,也许我们应该要换种角度来看待这个问题。

  3.It is a traditional way to argue that…, but a close scrutiny/ analysis of this argument would reveal how groundless/ fallacious/ flimsy it is. Now the pendulum has swung to another direction. 以前,人们一般认为……,但经仔细审视后发现这个观点后太站不住脚了。现在人们的观念 恰恰完全相反了。
二、结尾段句型: 结尾段句型:
  1. From what has been discussed above/ Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the conclusion that…. 综上所述,我们可以合理得出一个不可动摇的结论,那就是。
  2. The evidence upon all sides supports/ leads to an unshakable conclusion that… 方方面面的证据引出了一个不可动摇的结论:……
  3. We must search/ call for an immediate action, because the current situation of …, if permitted to continue, will surely lead to the destruction/ heavy cost of… 我们应该马上采取措施来结束这种当前依然存在的不好局势, 因为假如我们还听之任之而不 管,那么造成的后果将不堪设想。
  4. It is essential that effective actions/ means should be taken to end the tendency. Maybe the solution to the problem, which involves various aspects, is beyond our ability for the moment. But, in my view, the awareness of the problem is bound to be the first step toward the solution. 现在应该采取措施来终结这种趋势了。 由于这个问题包含的方方面面太复杂了, 我们还没有 能力能够立刻解决它, 但假如我们能够及时意识到这个问题的重要性, 就一定能够朝正确的 方向前进,问题的最终解决也是指日可待了。

  5. No effective solution is at hand/ in sight to solve/ tackle the problem, but this method undoubtedly has a far-reaching influence, for it at least symbolizes a sharp break with the conventional attitude toward this problem. More important, the general recognition of the significance of the problem might be the first step on the right way. 目前我们手上还没有解决问题的办法, 但这种方法其影响无疑意义深远, 因为它代表了与传 统方法的决裂。更为重要的是,认识到这个问题的重要性才是解决问题的第一步。
三、中间段展开句型: 中间段展开句型:
  1.Why….? It is no easy to offer/ identify the contributory reasons for this phenomenon/problem which involves several complicated factors. For one thing, … for another…, perhaps what is mentioned above is only the surface/ inadequate explanations for a far more complex problem, in my view, maybe the more fundamental reason is … 为什么这么说呢?其实要找出真正的原因也许很困难,因为这个问题涉及到一些复杂因素。 首先,其次,但上述理由只是复杂问题的表面解释,依我之所见,最为主要 的原因还是。
  2. …When the advantages and disadvantages are compared/ weighed, the most striking finding is self-evident. …… 当权衡其优劣势时,其结果显而易见,不证自明。
  3.…Despite the disadvantages/ adverse effects B has, it has its compensating advantages/ beneficial effects on the other side, a better/ classic case in point/ example of this is best provided by…Such instance might be multiplied/ given indefinitely, but this will be sufficient to show that … …尽管 B 具有以上缺点,但它的优点完全可以掩饰它的不足,一个很好的例子可以证明这 一点:……,这种例子不胜枚举,但这足以表明……
  4.…But is it all good? When it comes to the drawbacks, in fact, the advantages derived from A are often offset/ cancelled out by the disadvantages it entails… …但是它什么都好吗?但我们谈及它的缺点时,事实上 A 的优点往往会被它的缺点抵消。
  5.To get a better sense of/ a better look at/ a better understanding of how/ what/ why…, we must turn first to/ have a bird’s eye view of/ make a close study of……. But that is only part of the point/ explanation, perhaps the most significant/ remarkable factor is…, and closely connected with/ related to/ associated with this factor is…
为了进一步更好了解为什么…,首先让我们着眼于……/让我们鸟览一下这个问题….., 但这只问题解释的一方面,也许最为重要的因素是……,与其密切相关的另一因素是……
  6.Certainly, A carries little weight/ takes on little significance as compared to B/ by comparison to B, that is, B outweighs / speaks louder than A anyway. 当然,与 B 相比,A 的意义就不重要了,也就是说,B 比 A 要重要。 7…Too much importance attached to the one side of the problem may obscure other factors/ pose another set of problems… ……过于强调问题的一个方面有可能蒙蔽了问题的其他方面/造成其他问题。 8… Many solutions are being offered here, all of which make some sense to some extent, but none is to our satisfaction, the problem/ phenomenon should be studied in depth/ a new way. 这里列举了问题的许多解决办法,从某一角度来说都具有一定意义,但无一令人满意,这个 问题还需进一步深入研究。
 

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