重点讲解: 现代大学英语精读 Lesson10A Sunny制作
可可英语 http://www.kekenet.com/
第一部分:课文阅读
本文听力下载地址:http://www.kekenet.com/Article/681
  94.shtml 引言:每个地方对于生活在那里的人们来说都有特殊的意义,在某种程度上来说,每个地 引言:每个地方对于生活在那里的人们来说都有特殊的意义,在某种程度上来说,每个地 方都代表世界的中心。世上有无数个这样的中心,没有一个学生或旅行者能全部经历到。 世界的文化中到处是富有特殊价值和意义而预料不到的青香蕉。多年来它们一直在那里, 慢慢地成熟,或许在耐心地等待人们走过去发现它们。事实上,假如我们愿意离开我们自 己的世界的中心,去感受其他的地方,青香蕉在等待我们每一个人。
The Green Banana--Donald Batchelder Although it might have happened anywhere, my encounter with the green banana started on a steep mountain road in the central area of Brazil. My ancient jeep was straining up through beautiful countryside when the radiator began to leak, and I was ten miles from the nearest mechanic. The over-heated engine forced me to stop at the next village, which consisted of a small store and a few houses that were scattered here and there. People came over to look. They could see three fine streams of hot water spouting from holes in the jacket of the radiator. "That's easy to fix," a man said. He sent a boy running for some green bananas. He patted me on the shoulder, assuring me that everything would work out. "Green bananas," he smiled. Everyone agreed. We chattered casually while all the time I was wondering what they could possibly do to my radiator with their green bananas. I did not ask them, though, as that would show my ignorance, so I talked about the beauty of the land that lay before our eyes. Huge rock formations, like Sugar Loaf in Rio, rose up all around us. "Do you see that tall one right over there?" asked the man, pointing to a particularly tall, slender pinnacle of dark rock. "That rock marks the center of the world." I looked to see if he was teasing me, but his face was serious. He, in turn, inspected me carefully, as if to make sure I grasped the significance of his statement. The occasion called for some show of recognition on my part. "The center of the world?" I repeated, trying to show interest if not complete acceptance. He nodded. "The absolute center. Everyone around here knows it." At that moment the boy returned with an armful of green bananas. The man cut one in half and pressed the cut end against the radiator jacket. The banana melted into a glue against the hot metal, stopping the leaks instantly. I was so astonished at this that I must have looked rather foolish and everyone laughed. They then refilled me radiator and gave me extra bananas to take along in case my radiator should give me trouble again. An hour later, after using the green banana once more, my radiator and I reached our destination. The local mechanic smiled. "Who taught you about the green banana?" I gave him the name of the village. "Did they show you the rock marking the center of the world?" he asked. I assured him they had. "My grandfather came from there," he said. "The exact center. Everyone around here has always known about it."
重点讲解: 现代大学英语精读 Lesson10A Sunny制作
可可英语 http://www.kekenet.com/
As a product of American education, I had never paid the slightest attention to the green banana, except to regard it as a fruit whose time had not yet come. Suddenly, on that mountain road, its time had come to meet my need. But as I reflected on it further, I realized that the green banana had been there all along. Its time reached back to the very origins of the banana. The people in that village had known about it for years. It was my own time that had come, all in relation to it. I came to appreciate the special genius of those people, and the special potential of the green banana. I had been wondering for some time about what educators like to call "learning moments," and I now knew I had just experienced two of them at once. It took me a little longer to fully grasp the importance of the rock which the villagers believed marked the center of the world. I had at first doubted their claim, as I knew for a fact that the center was located somewhere else in New England. After all, my grandfather had come from there. But gradually I realized the village people had a very reasonable belief and I agreed with them. We all tend to regard as the center that special place where we are known, where we know others, where things mean much to us, and where we ourselves have both identity and meaning: family, school, town and local region could all be our center of the world. The lesson which gradually dawned on me was actually very simple. Every place has special meanings for the people in it, and in a certain sense every place represents the center of the world. The world has numerous such centers, and no one student or traveler can experience all of them. But once a conscious breakthrough to a second center is made, a life-long perspective and collection can begin. The cultures of the world are full of unexpected green bananas with special value and meaning. They have been there for ages, ripening slowly, perhaps waiting patiently for people to come along to encounter them. In fact, a green banana is waiting for all of us if we would leave our own centers of the world in order to experience other places.
第二部分:参考译文
这件事在任何地方都可能发生,而我遇到青香蕉是在巴西中部的一条陡峭山路上。我那辆老 吉普车在美丽的乡村艰难穿行时,水箱开始漏水,而离最近的修车处还有十英里。过热的发 动机迫使我在附近一个四处散布着一些小店子和房屋的村子停下来。 村民们走过来看发生了 什么事,他们看到三小股热水从水箱外壳的洞里涌出来。 “这很容易修”,一个人边说边派一 个男孩去取一些青香蕉。他拍拍我的肩膀,向我保证事情能得到圆满解决。 “青香蕉派得上 用场”,他笑道。在场的人都很认同。 我们随意地聊起天来, 同时我一直在想他们怎么用青香蕉修理我的水箱, 然而我没有问他们 , 因为那会显得无知。所以我只谈了谈眼前这块美丽的土地。巨大的岩层,像里约热内卢的苏 格罗浮山,在我们四周耸立着。 “看到那块高耸的岩石了吗?”那人指着一块特别高且顶部线 条柔和的黑岩石问道, “那块岩石标志着世界的中心。 ” 我盯着他看,看他是不是在骗我,但他表情严肃认真。而他,反过来也审视着我,好像要确
重点讲解: 现代大学英语精读 Lesson10A Sunny制作
可可英语 http://www.kekenet.com/
认我是否理解他话中的真谛。这种情形需要我表示出对他的话的认可。 “世界的中心?”我又 问了一遍,在完全接受他的观点之前努力显出兴趣。他点点头。 “一个绝对的中心。这儿的 人都知道。 ” 就在这时,那男孩抱着一抱青香蕉回来了。男人将一支香蕉切成两半,把切口处压在水箱表 面。香蕉立即熔成糊状堵住了金属壳的裂缝,止住了漏水。看到这一切我太惊讶了。随后他 们重新灌满了我的水箱,还额外送给了我一些青香蕉以防水箱又给我找麻烦。在接下来的一 小时,又用了一次青香蕉后,我和我的水箱抵达了目的地。当地的修理工微笑着问我, “谁 教你用青香蕉的?”我告诉他那个村的名字。 “他们指给你看标志世界中心的岩石没有?”他 问。我说他们这样问了。 “我爷爷从那儿来, ”他 说 , “它是纯粹的中心。这儿的人都知道。 ” 在美国教育的“造就”下,我一点也没注意过青香蕉,只认为它是一种尚未成熟的水果。突 然间,在那条山路上,青香蕉被用来修补我的水箱的时机到了。但当我进一步思考时,我发 现青香蕉其实一直存在,它可追溯到香蕉的起源。那个村的人多年以来就知道这一点,而现 在是我认识这种青香蕉以及一切与它相关的事情的时候了。 我开始欣赏那些人特别的智慧和 青香蕉潜在的独特价值。好长一段时间我一直在想教育者们所说的 “瞬间领悟到的东西 ”, 我知道我刚刚一下子感受到了两样东西:青香蕉的特殊用途和有关世界中心的说法。 我花了更长一点的时间来理解村民们所信仰的标志着世界中心的岩石。 刚开始我怀疑他们的 话,因为事实上世界的中心在新英格兰,毕竟,我祖父来自那儿。但渐渐地,我发现村民们 的信念很有道理,我认同他们。我们倾向于把某个特殊的地方看作是世界的中心,在那里我 们被他人所了解,并了解其他人,那地方对我们很重要,在那里我们拥有认同感和生活的意 义。比如家庭、学校、城镇,还有地方区域,都会成为我们心目中的世界的中心。 我渐渐悟到的这一课其实很简单。每个地方对于生活在那里的人们来说都有特殊的意义,在 某种程度上来说,每个地方都代表世界的中心。世上有无数个这样的中心,没有一个学生或 旅行者能全部经历到。一旦有意识地进入到第二个世界中心,一个人一生观点的形成和收集 便开始了。 世界的文化中到处是富有特殊价值和意义而预料不到的青香蕉。多年来它们一直在那里,慢 慢地成熟,或许在耐心地等待人们走过去发现它们。事实上,假如我们愿意离开我们自己的 世界的中心,去感受其他的地方,青香蕉在等待我们每一个人。
第三部分:词汇释义

  1.encounter 例句: His encounter with the guard dog had completely unnerved him. 他遇上了警卫犬, 把他吓坏了. , n. 意外的相见,遭遇
重点讲解: 现代大学英语精读 Lesson10A Sunny制作
可可英语 http://www.kekenet.com/

  2.radiator
, n. 暖气片,散热器
例句: The radiator is giving out a lot of heat. 散热器释放出很多热量.
  3.refill , v. 再充满,再注满
例句: Allow me to refill your cup. 请允许我给您再斟上一杯。
  4.slightest adj. 最少的
例句: Do be careful with those fireworks; the slightest spark could set them off. 这些烟火要格外小心, 稍有火星就能引起爆炸.
  5.dawn on v.渐渐被理解 v.
例句: The truth began to dawn on him. 他开始弄明白真相.
  6. perspective , , n. 远景,看法,透视
例句: You must get the story in its right perspectives. 你必须正确地了解这件事。
  7.grasp grasp , , v. 抓住,紧握,领会
例句: I grasped the main point of the speech. 我领会了这篇演讲的要点。
  8.reflect on , , , v.思考, 反省, 怀疑, 导致, 责备 v. ,
例句: I always reflect on life when listening to beethoven's symphony. 每当听贝多芬交响乐的时候,我总会仔细思考人生。
  9.astonished adj. 惊讶的
重点讲解: 现代大学英语精读 Lesson10A Sunny制作
可可英语 http://www.kekenet.com/
例句: I was astonished at the news of his escape. 听到他逃之夭夭的消息,我感到惊讶。
第四部分:课文讲解
引自《英语学习》2003 年第二期 2003 作者是美国学者 Donald Batch elder, 文章讲的是对待世界上各种不同文化应采取何种态度的 问题。随着国际交往的不断发展,我们的世界越来越像一个地球村,各种风格迥异的文化彼 此遭遇、碰撞,文明之间的冲突大有愈演愈烈之势,如何看待异域文化和文化差异成了值得 人们认真思考的重要问题。本文的作者通过一个小故事,向我们展示了他本人对这个问题的 深入思考。 文章可分为两大部分。第一部分为 1-4 段,作者以第一人称的口吻向我们讲述了他在巴西的 一段经历。作为一个美国旅行者,当他驾着一辆旧吉普车行进在巴西中部的山路上时,水箱 开始漏水,他被迫停在附近的一个小村庄里。热情的村民用他们古老的办法为作者解决了问 题。 他们找来了一些尚未成熟的青香蕉, 掰开以后塞到水箱漏水处, 由于水箱金属壳的热度 , 香蕉马上融化成胶汁,粘住了裂缝。同时,在与村民的闲聊中,作者还惊讶地得知,他们坚 信附近的一块岩石就是世界的中心。 这一次与当地本土文化不期然的相遇给了作者很大的震 动,在第二部分(5-8 段)中,作者着重讲述了他的感悟。首先,他惊讶于青香焦所展示 给 他的当地古老文化中的智慧;再次,他惊讶于村民们对世界中心即那块岩石的信仰,因为他 认为世界的中心应该在他祖父的家乡新英格兰。后来作者逐步意识到:每一种文化都有自身 的精妙之处, "The Green Banana" 即象征着每一种文化中所蕴藏的鲜为人知的宝藏;对每一 种族的人来说,他们生活的地方对他们都具有特殊意义,从而在某种意义上说都可代表世界 的中心 (Every pla ce has special meanings for the people in it, and in a ce
 

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