As a matter a fact ,before I enter the university I knew nothing about my majorurban planning,except that it’s something about architecture and the layout of all kinds of buildings .it is not until I intensively studied the subject a period of time then I realized that how comprehensive it is.
作为一个问题,一个事实,在我进入大学,我知道什么对我的主要城市规划,除了它的一些结构和布局,各种形式的建筑物,这是没有,直到我深入研究的主题在一段时间内的话,我认识到,如何全面,这是。
There are all kinds of sub-subjects associated with the planning of one city ,just to name a few, the landscape design ,transformation design, residential design, even the latest computer technology-- namely: the virtual reality. So it makes no sense to understand the urban planning in a traditional way.
有各种分科目相关的规划,一个城市,只是仅举几例,景观设计,改造设计,住宅设计,即使是最新的计算机技术-即:虚拟现实。因此,它是没有意义的认识城市规划中的一个传统方式。
After years of study, I have formed some concepts of my major, in my point of view , urban planning is not simply about the design of architecture but rather a city’s whole harmony? say :harmony with the entire environment!
经过多年的研究,我已形成的一些概念,我主要的,在我的角度来看,城市规划不单纯是有关建筑设计,而是一个城市的整体和谐说:和谐与整个环境!
To understand what I say specifically, I think there are at least three points need to make clear. First, urban planning must concern about the architecture. architecture is the basic and essential element of one city, an environment can be formed by properly arranging all sorts of different architectures in one area. Obviously, sometimes It is some skillfully-designed architectures that give the personality of that area.
要了解我所说的具体而言,我认为至少有三点需要作出明确的。首先,城市规划必须关注的建筑。建筑是不可或缺的基本要素,一个城市,一个环境可以形成妥善安排各种不同的架构,在一个地区。很明显,有时是一些巧妙设计的架构,让大家的个性这方面的工作。
which can greatly impress not only the resident living in it but also the visitors . Current days ,many cities promote the concept of “city image”, that kind of thing is unusually created by some large architectures ,especially the public architectures .
可以大大留下深刻的印象,不仅居民生活在,而且还参观。目前的天,许多城市推广的概念, “城市形象” ,这种事是异常所造成的一些大型建筑,特别是公共建筑。
such as Paris’s Eiffel Tower, Hong Kong’s Bank of China and Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank (香港汇丰银行),both of which has such potent symbolic power as to be able to identify a city with their own image , so we can’t emphasize too much on the importance the architectures of one city.
如巴黎的艾菲尔铁塔,香港的中国银行和香港上海汇丰银行(香港汇丰银行) ,这两项研究有这样强有力的象征性权力,以便能够找出一个城市,他们自己的形象,因此,我们不能强调太多的重要性,对结构的一个城市。
Secondly, urban planning must closely related with the environment. We design architectures, green space, public spaces, transformation and all kinds of infrastructures , all are with a single objectto create a comfortable environment.
其次,城市规划必须密切相关,与环境。我们设计的架构,绿地,公共空间,改造和各种基础设施,都是一个单一的对象-- -- -创造一个舒适的环境。
To mention the environment ,we can’t ignore the protection of the nature environment ,Because ,in the larger part of practice, especially in some cities ,what urban planning concerns about is not creating a totally new city or a new environment ,but just making some changes based on that nature environment .
更遑论环境,我们不能忽视保护环境的性质,因为,在较大部分的实践,特别是在一些城市,什么城市规划的关注,并不是创造一个完全新的城市或一个新的环境,但只作出一些改变,基于对这种性质的环境。
Last but not the least. Urban planning must has something to do with the culture of that very city. The culture is also a crucial part of urban planning. I’d say that city is the by-product of the development of the culture, it’s deeply rooted in the development of the society. Because ,it’s the culture that gives the city vitality.
最后但并非最不重要的。城市规划必须有一些与文化非常城市。文化也是一个关键组成部分,城市规划。我要指出,城市是由产品的发展,文化,它深深植根于社会的发展。因为,它的文化,让城市的活力。
To rebuild or preserve, is often largely decided by that city’s culture, that may be people’s customs or traditional ways of living and the things alike. In other words, our planning of that city can be a proper reflection of that city’s culture. We should put in mind that each culture has its own characteristics, so does our planning .
重建或保存,往往在很大程度上决定这个城市的文化,这可能是人们的习俗或传统生活的方式和同样的事情。在其他换句话说,我们的规划,这个城市能恰当地反映这个城市的文化。我们应该付诸表决,在考虑到每一种文化都有其自身的特点,那么我们的规划。
To sum up, I’d say that hundreds of words is far from enough to make a comprehensive understanding of urban planning, maybe we should do more analyses in the future.
概括起来,我会说,有数以百计的话是远远不够的作出全面的了解,城市规划,或许我们应该做更多的分析,在未来的。
The tree of my title is not a green tree with leaves. It is the name of an abstract structure. I shall contrast it with another, more complex abstract structure called a semilattice. In order to relate these abstract structures to the nature of the city, I must first make a simple distinction.
树我的标题是不是一个绿树与叶片。它的名称是一个抽象的结构。我会相反,它与另一种更为复杂的抽象结构,所谓的一半。在以涉及这些抽象结构的性质,城市,我必须先作一个简单的区分。
I want to call those cities which have arisen more or less spontaneously over many, many years natural cities. And I shall call those cities and parts of cities which have been deliberately created by designers and planners artificial cities. Siena, Liverpool, Kyoto, Manhattan are examples of natural cities. Levittown, Chandigarh and the British New Towns are examples of artificial cities.
我想呼吁这些城市已出现了更多或更少自发地超过了很多年的自然城市。和我将请这些城市和部分城市已被蓄意制造的设计师和规划师的人工城市。锡耶纳,利物浦,京都,曼哈顿的例子自然的城市。莱维敦,昌迪加尔和英国的新城镇的例子人工城市。
It is more and more widely recognized today that there is some essential ingredient missing from artificial cities. When compared with ancient cities that have acquired the patina of life, our modern attempts to create cities artificially are, from a human point of view, entirely unsuccessful.
这是越来越多的广泛承认,今天是有一些不可或缺的失踪,从人工城市。时相比,与古代的城市,已获得帕蒂娜的生活,我们的现代试图创造城市人为是,从人类的角度来看,完全失败。
Both the tree and the semilattice are ways of thinking about how a large collection of many small systems goes to make up a large and complex system. More generally, they are both names for structures of sets.
双方树和半是思维方式,如何大量收集许多小系统去作出了一个庞大而复杂的系统。更一般地说,他们都是名称的结构套。
In order to define such structures, let me first define the concept of a set. A set is a collection of elements which for some reason we think of as belonging together. Since, as designers, we are concerned with the physical living city and its physical backbone, we must naturally restrict ourselves to considering sets which are collections of material elements such as people, blades of grass, cars, molecules, houses, gardens, water pipes, the water molecules in them etc.
在为了确定这种结构,首先让我的概念下定义了一套。一套是一家集的元素,出于某种原因,我们认为是属于在一起。因为,作为设计师,我们所关注的物理生活的城市及其物理骨干,我们必须限制自己,自然要考虑套,这是集合的物质要素,如人,叶片基层,汽车,分子,房屋,花园,水管,水分子在他们等。

In our view the housing system is made up of the public, private, and nonprofit organizations involved in the financing, subsidization, and management of housing for low income and special needs groups: the mentally handicapped and AIDS clients for example. The human service system comprises those organizations, the primary focus of which is the service domain for people with particular needs such as welfare, mental health, job training, social, and elder services.我们看来住房系统 是由公共、私人和非营利性组织组成的,这些组织涉及到经济、福利和对于低收入和特别需要群体:例如精神障碍和爱滋病患者的住房管理。人类服务系统包含这些组织, 主要集中在为特殊需要的人们服务领域,例如救济、精神健康、工作培训、联谊和老年人服务.
This course then will focus on the interaction between the housing and human service systems (the conflicts and congruities in practice) and will explore how the differing world views, professional perspectives, and institutional needs of the two systems play out operationally in national, state and local policies and programs. Special attention will be devoted to how networks are created that cross and connect the housing and service domains as well as the barriers to such bridging.本课程将重点在住房和人类服务系统的互相影响(实践中的冲突和一致)方面进行探讨,并探究在国家、州和区政府政策和计划下,不同的世界观点、专业观点和两种系统的团体需要在可操作状态下怎样结束。特别关注横穿和连结住房和服务领域的网络的建立,同样关注这种桥梁的障碍。
 

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